Why Did Australia Get Involved? • Since World War Two Australia had allied itself closely with the United States • Australia signed two treaties promising mutual aid in times of war with the USA • The ANZUS treaty was signed in 1951 • The SEATO treaty was signed in 1955 • US involvement in Vietnam meant they began to put pressure on Australia to contribute as well
Numbers…. • Australia's military involvement in the Vietnam War (1962-1973) was the longest in duration of any war in Australia's history. • Almost 60,000 Australians, including ground troops and air force and navy personnel, served in Vietnam • 521 died as a result of the war and over 3,000 were wounded.
Social Upheaval • Vietnam was the cause of the greatest social and political dissent in Australia since the conscription referendums of the First World War. • Many draft resisters, conscientious objectors, and protesters were fined or jailed, while soldiers met a hostile reception on their return home.
What is Communism? Communism (from Latin communis - common, universal) is a revolutionary socialist movement to create a classless, moneyless and stateless social order structured upon common ownership of the means of production, as well as a social, political and economic ideology that aims at the establishment of this social order
The Cold War • After the end of the Second World War the world was effectively divided into two armed camps with the communist aligned states opposing the western democracies, or capitalist states. • The two superpowers, the USA and Soviet Russia, both possessed sufficient nuclear weapons to destroy each other so they were unlikely to engage in a direct war with each other.
Regional Conflicts • The cold war was, therefore, primarily conducted via economic measures, propaganda, and the sponsorship of small scale regional conflicts in Asia, Africa and southern Europe. • Communist ideology argued that the movement should support any nationalist or independence struggle anywhere in the world. This meant wars of independence became battles in the cold war.
Regional Conflicts Research task – create a timeline ranging from 1945 until 2000 and place the following conflicts upon it. Include who fought and who won. • The Chinese civil war • The Korean war • The Malayan Emergency • The Vietnam war • The Angolan Civil war