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Researcher responsibilities

Researcher responsibilities

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Researcher responsibilities

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  1. Researcher responsibilities Dr Alix Magney School of Public Health & Community Medicine code

  2. Australian Code for the Responsible Conduct of Research (2007). • National statement on Ethical Conduct in Human Research (2007) • Australian Code of practice for the care and use of animals for scientific purposes.(7th ed. 2004) code

  3. RESEARCHERS must abide by: Australian Code for the Responsible Conduct of Research (2007): • Australian Government • National Health & Medical Research Council (NHMRC) • Australian Research Council (ARC) • Universities Australia code

  4. Australian Code for the Responsible Conduct of Research (2007): “ institutions and researchers in responsible research practices.” “The Code promotes integrity in research and explains what is expected of researchers by the community.”. Compliance with the code is a prerequisite. code

  5. Institutional responsibilities 1. 3 Training and induction • Research methods • Ethics • Confidentiality • Data storage • Record retention • Regulations • Governance code

  6. Researcher responsibilities • Maintain intellectual honesty & integrity • Uphold scholarly and scientific rigour • Respect the truth and rights of those affected by your research • Manage conflicts of interest and check personal ambition to avoid unethical or unscholarly behaviour code

  7. Responsibilities continued • Adopt appropriate research methods • Follow OHS – safety and security • Ensure correct citation standards for publications as well as conferred degrees, awards etc • Respect this code and conform to institutions and funding bodies research policies code

  8. Continued... • Report research honestly • Respect research participants • integrity • respect for persons • justice • Beneficence • Ethics approval • Respect for animals used in research • Respect for the environment • Report research misconduct code

  9. Responsibilities of Research Trainees 3.7 Seek guidance – A research trainee must demonstrate a professional attitude toward the research. Frequent sessions with the supervisor are important, requiring the cooperation of both parties. The trainee should not wait until approached by the supervisor but should play an active part in maintaining an appropriate schedule or meetings. 3.8 Undertake induction …should complete all induction and training courses as soon as practical… code

  10. What are research ETHICS? Principles that guide researchers’ actions in the ethical pursuit of their research – animal or human Central element is the research ethics approval process. code

  11. What is research? “...original investigation undertaken to gain knowledge, understanding and insight” (NHMRC 1:2007) • Surveys, interviews or focus groups • Psychological, physiological or medical testing or treatment • Observational studies • Access to personal documents or data • Collection and use of body organs, tissues or fluids • Personal data accessed from existing database, published or unpublished code

  12. National Statement on Ethical Conduct in Human Research (Australian Government, NHMRC, ARC, AVCC: 2007) • Values and principles of ethical conduct • Research merit and integrity • Justice • Beneficence • Respect . code

  13. Research merit and integrity • Is it justifiable and will it bring a benefit? • Will the design and method achieve the aims? • Experienced qualified personnel to conduct or supervise • Commitment to searching honestly for knowledge, and disseminating information. code

  14. Justice • Is the research fair on the participants? - No unfair burden on select groups (prisoners, children etc) • Method of recruitment - no exploitation, voluntary, informed etc • Fair access to the benefits code

  15. Beneficence • Weigh up risk and benefits to the participants: • Mimimise risk • Any risk, potential harm or discomfort must be justified by the potential benefit • Inform participants of risks code

  16. Respect • intrinsic value of human beings • regard for the welfare, beliefs, perceptions customs and cultural heritage of both individual and collective • privacy and confidentiality • cultural sensitivities • voluntary decision making • empower or protect those who are incapable of making decisions. code

  17. Animal welfare ethics “ ..animals are sufficiently like humans in one morally relevant respect, their capacity for suffering in basic forms, as to generate a moral claim on human beings.” (US Office of Technology Assessment, 1986.) code

  18. Australian Code of practice for the care and use of animals for scientific purposes.(7th ed. 2004) “responsibilities of all those involved in the care and use of animals. duty of care that demands a genuine commitment to the welfare of the animals, a respect for the contribution animals make to research and teaching and a desire to promote the animal’s well-being”. code

  19. Purpose of the Code Justify the use of animals – ensure that educational & research outcomes validate the use of the animals, And ensure that the welfare of animals is always considered; The three “Rs”: • that replace the use of animals in scientific and teaching activities; • minimise (reduce) the number of animals used in projects; and • refine methods and procedures to avoid pain or distress in animals used in scientific and teaching activities. code

  20. Responsibilities of investigators “Investigators and teachers have a personal responsibility for all matters related to the welfare of the animals they use and must act in accordance with all requirements of the Code” (p 21). Including: • Familiarisation with ethics application • Researching only once approval is given • Maintenance of records code

  21. ANIMAL Animal Care and Ethics Committee (ACEC) Guided by: Australian code of practice for the care and use of animals for scientific purposes (2004) 7th ed. HUMAN (HREC) Human Research Ethics Committee (HREAP) Human Research Ethics Advisory Panel (low risk research) Guided by: National Statement on Ethical Conduct in Human Research (2007) UNSW Ethics Committees code

  22. ACEC: Vet qualifications & relevant experience substantial recent experience using animals for research or teaching demonstrated interest in animal welfare but not associated with the institution independent person never involved in the use of animals (lay person) Chair person HREC – min 8 people, 2 lay people (gender balance) 1 professional carer, Dr, counsellor etc 1 lawyer 2 people with current relevant research experience 1 pastoral care role in the community – priest, aboriginal elder Chair person Who is on the committee? code

  23. The codes and standards clarify … Your responsibilities as researchers, and members of an institution and more broadly the community…these are: • Establish responsible research practices • That promote integrity in research • Explain what is expected of researchers by the community. code