‘No Child Left Behind’ Loudoun County Public Schools Department of Instruction
NCLB requirements measure school and school district effectiveness using “annual measurable objectives” (AMO) and “adequate yearly progress” (AYP) based on Virginia’s Standards of Learning (SOL).
VA SOL Tests and NCLB • English/Reading and Math in grades 3, 5, 8 and High School End-of-Course (EOC). • Algebra 1, Geometry, Algebra 2 • English 11 • In spring 2005, SOL tests will be required in English/Reading and Math in grades 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, and EOC. • Science test scores in grades 3 or 5, and 8 will count toward AYP in Spring 2008
NCLB: AccountabilityAdequate Yearly Progress (AYP) Criteria for AYP: • Attendance rate: elementary and middle schools • Graduation rate: high schools • Participation: 95% of students in each of the seven sub-groups must take the state test. • Student achievement must attain starting points (AYP) and annual measurable objectives (AMO). • Only first time test takers will be counted in determining AYP.
AYP Requirement: Attendance Rate • Attendance: -VA starting point: 94% -LCPS: Grade 3: 96.5% Grade 5: 96.5% Grade 8: 95.6%
AYP Requirement: Graduation Rate • Graduation rate for NCLB is defined by National Center for Educational Statistics: • Number of graduates minus cohort dropouts from grade 12, 11, 10, 9. • NCLB excludes graduates with GED, Modified Standard Diplomas, Special Diplomas. • Only Advanced and Standard Diplomas count toward AYP • VA 2002 starting point: 68% (by NCES) • In 2002, LCPS graduation rate exceeded the state AMO exclusive of modified diplomas, certificates, GED’s
AYP requires 95% Participation • A Participation rate of 95% is required for the whole school (students enrolled in class to be tested) AND for each subgroup • Quiz: In a school with 75 Free and Reduced Lunch students, how many students could miss the test and meet the 95% participation rule? • Answer - 3 Students
AMO’s must be met by each of the seven subgroups • All students • White students (not of Hispanic Origin) • Black students (not of Hispanic Origin) • Hispanic students • Economically Disadvantaged students (Free or Reduced Lunch) • Special Education students • Limited English Proficient (LEP) students
Subgroup AYP Calculations • Aggregate test results by subject by each subgroup within school. • Report only first time test takers proficiency level. • Math/English RLR • ES: Grades 3 and 5 • MS: Grade 8 and EOC • HS: EOC
AYP Requirement: Student Achievement Starting points and Annual Measurable Objectives (AMO’s) based on formula applied to 2002 statewide scores: English Math 2003: 61% 59% 2004: 61% 59% 2005: 70% 70% 2006: 70% 70% 2007: 70% 70%
Student Achievement (cont’d) EnglishMath 2008: 80% 80% 2009: 80% 80% 2010: 80% 80% 2011: 90% 90% 2012: 90% 90% 2013: 90% 90% 2014: 100% 100%
Make AYP: Method 1 • At least 95% of enrolled students participate in testing program (by subgroup) AND • All students and all subgroups score at least proficient in statewide assessments, at AYP targets for that year AND • All students meet AYP target for graduation or attendance
Alternative Route to AYP: “SAFE HARBOR” • Participation rate is 95% • The Percentage of failing students in subgroup(s) has been reduced by > 10% from the prior year AND • School shows improvement on academic indicators: In the future it will be attendance and graduation rates. In 02-03 it will be science scores.
AccountabilitySanctions for Title I Schools that Fail to Meet AYP A Title I school is identified for “School Improvement” by failing to make AYP for two consecutive years.
AccountabilityFirst-Year School Improvement • Beginning with the 2003-2004 school year, Title I schools that fail to make AYP for two consecutive years will be placed on School Improvementstatus. • Parents must be notified in writing prior to the start of the school year that the school their child is attending has not met AYP and offer them the option of public school choice (transfer to a high performing school)
AccountabilitySecond-year School Improvement • Continue to offer public school choice • Include tutoring, remediation services and academic services outside of the school day. • Local Education Agency pays for supplemental services
Accountability Sanctions increase in severity if the school continues not to make AYP!
Virginia Accreditation • VA’s standards-based accreditation system remains in place, but the rules are different. • Participation requirements differ • Pass rates are different: VA currently greater than NCLB • Sanctions are different: VA currently greater than NCLB
Virginia Accreditation continued • Provisional accreditation phases out in 2004: schools will meet the 70% pass rates or be Accredited with Warning • Graduation in June, 2004 will require 6 verified credits: English RLR, Writing, four elective verified credits. More prescribed content for verified credits in 2006.
Virginia Accreditation continued • English passing rate for grade 3 increases to 75% in 2003-2004. • LEP (ESL) participation for accreditation remains different than NCLB. • Special Education remains different.