Think of all the things you would find in a Town or a City. Turn over your work sheet and write down as many things as you can ! Offices Businesses Factories Houses Shops Parks Entertainment Places of worship Restaurants
Although all towns and cities are different, most have grown and developed in the same way. Believe it or not there is a PATTERN to it all !
We can show this pattern by using a MODEL – a simplified picture. This is an URBAN MODEL to show the different land use within a town or city. Each different colour sector represents a different type of land use.
Have a go at completing the passage on the worksheet. You have 3 minutes….
Patterns of land use in towns and cities Complete the following passage using the words from the box below. Although all towns and cities are different, most have _______ and developed in the same way. This means that they will all have similar types of ______ ____. As _____________ have grown they have developed a ________ and we can show this using a _______ – a simplified picture. Below is an _______ Model to show the _____ main land uses within a town or city. Urban pattern grown model Six land use settlements
On your worksheet you have a copy of the Urban Model which looks like this ….. … but the key has not been coloured in to show the different types of land use. As we go through the slides you will find out what the main type of land use is in each sector. Using a PENCIL shade in the key so that it matches up with your copy of the model. Use the rest of the space in the table to note down some of the things you might find in each of these areas
Press on a sector to find out more information or press the arrow to finish.
THE CBD The Central Business District This is usually the original site of the settlement. • Large Shops • Offices • Restaurants • Cafes • Cinemas • Theatres • Museums It is centrally located because the rest of the settlement has grown around it.
INNER CITY 19th Century Housing • Terraced houses for the factory workers. • Some now replaced by high-rise flats. • Small Corner shops Located just outside the CBD Houses built near to the factories so that the workers could get to work easily.
INNER SUBURBS Housing 1920 - 1950 • Larger houses usually with gardens • Some Parks • Some rows of shops Newer houses built for the growing population. The land is cheaper the further away from the CBD you go, so houses were built with gardens.
OUTER SUBURBS Modern Housing • New houses and housing estates • New shopping centres • Parks and other open areas The land around the edge of a settlement is much cheaper and there is enough space to build large housing estates.
New Industrial Area Industrial estates and business parks built since 1970, close to main roads They are located close to main roads so that there is easy access for goods and employees
Old Industrial Areas • Along a river, canal or railway • Many old factories now closed • Area may look run down They are located near to rivers, canals and railways because they needed to transport goods in and out of the city.
Look out for different land use as you travel around STOCKPORT or MANCHESTER. See if you can spot the pattern ! THE END