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Delhi Mumbai Industrial Corridor (DMIC) Project

Delhi Mumbai Industrial Corridor (DMIC) Project. DELHI MUMBAI INDUSTRIAL CORRIDOR emerging landscape of global investment. Smart Cities - Sustainable Urban Development January, 2013. The DMIC Corridor. 8 Nodes being developed in DMIC Phase 1. Dadri – Noida Ghaziabad IR, UP

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Delhi Mumbai Industrial Corridor (DMIC) Project

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  1. Delhi Mumbai Industrial Corridor (DMIC) Project

  2. DELHI MUMBAI INDUSTRIAL CORRIDORemerging landscape of global investment Smart Cities - Sustainable Urban Development January, 2013

  3. The DMIC Corridor

  4. 8 Nodes being developed in DMIC Phase 1 • Dadri – Noida Ghaziabad IR, UP • Manesar – Bawal IR, Haryana • Neemrana – Khushkhera – Bhiwadi IR, Rajasthan • Pithampur- Dhar - Mhow IR, MP • Ahmedabad – Dholera IR, Gujarat • Nashik– Sinnar – Igatpuri IR, Maharashtra • Dighi Port IA, Maharashtra • Jodhpur PaliMarwar IA, Rajasthan 2 1 3 8 4 5 6 DFC Alignment Existing Passenger Rail Link 7 N.H.8 – G.Q N-S & E-W NH

  5. Aug 10, 2009: More than quarter of Indian districts drought hit SUSTAINABLE GROWTH - CHALLENGES • Devastation of ecosystems, settlements • Submergence due to rise in sea level • Migration of work force • Food security: Drop in agricultural yields • Water scarcity leads to reduced hydro power • Loss of lives (extreme weather events – cyclones, flash floods, heat waves) • Decline in Bio-diversity • Rise of epidemics: increase in range of vector borne diseases CLIMATE CHANGE – EFFECTS ON INDIAN ECONOMY India aims to Reduce Carbon Emission Intensity (kg CO2 per dollar of GDP) emissions by 20-25% during 2005-2020, announced by Prime Minister

  6. SUSTAINABLE GROWTH - CHALLENGES RAPID URBANISATION Rural India • Mass migration to urban India • Malnutrition & starvation • Illiteracy & widespread unemployment or under employment • Inadequate health facilities & basic infrastructure Urban India: • Growth rate: Expected to double by 2021 • Top heavy growth: Faster in Class I cities (> 1 million) • Asymmetric distribution: > 70% in less than 10% towns • Socio-economic status: 25.7% below poverty line • Proliferation of slums in Urban Areas – limited low cost/ affordable housing options

  7. SUSTAINABLE GROWTH - CHALLENGES LIMITED RESOURCES • Skewed allocation of water: 9 - 498 lpcd • 10% (128 million) population without access to safe drinking water: • 40% Rise in water demand 2025 • Dependency on ground water for agricultural • Groundwater is overexploited, saline or contaminated in 50% of DMIC region • Surface water is limited in regions like Rajasthan • LAND & WATER POLLUTION Solid waste: • 43 million tonne/year and up to 75% is collected • Cities with adequate transport/ disposal: 30% • Limited reuse & recycle

  8. SUSTAINABLE GROWTH - CHALLENGES INFRASTRUCTURE GAP – UNPLANNED GROWTH Energy • 6th largest energy consumer • 3rd largest Transmission & Distribution • Wide supply demand-gap: 9% - 14% • Energy inefficient –Losses: 30-45% • No access to electricity for 80,000 villages, • 400 million persons (30%) Mumbai suburban train Transport • Lack of integration • Poor mobility management • Lack of parking spaces • Need for modernisation of public transport Expressway

  9. What are Sustainable Solutions for Challenges faced? SYSTEMATIC & INNOVATIVE URBAN PLANNING 2004: India - 1.67 T/capita/year World - 5 T/capita/year Sustainable global average -2.5 T/capita/yr

  10. What is an Smart Sustainable city? Eco-Cities are places where people can live healthier & economically productive lives while reducing their impact on the environment. • Ecological Security • Ecological Sanitation • Ecological Industrial Metabolism • Ecoscape (ecological-landscape) Integrity • Ecological Awareness

  11. What are performance features for Sustainable City Good Natural Environment Ambient Air QualityQuality of water bodies within the Eco-city & Drinking Water Quality Noise Pollution LevelsCarbon Emission Per Unit GDPMinimise Loss of Natural Wetlands & EcosystemsHealthy Balance in the Man-made EnvironmentHigher Proportion of Green Buildings Native Vegetation Index – Native plants and vegetationMaximise Per Capita Public Green SpaceGood Lifestyle HabitsPer Capita Daily Water Consumption (100-120 lpcd)Per Capita Daily Domestic Waste GenerationPer Capita Energy Consumption

  12. What are performance features for Eco-City InfrastructureProportion of Green trips by non motorized and public transportOverall Recycling Rate (eg.60% of total waste) Access to Free Recreational and Sports Amenities – within walking distanceWaste Treatment – domestic and hazardous Barrier Free Accessibility – Efficient Circulation pattern Key infrastructure services, such as recycled water, gas, broadband, electricity/ heating Proportion of Affordable Public Housing Developing a Dynamic, Sustainable and Efficient EconomyUsage of Renewable Energy Usage of Water from Non-Traditional Sources R&D in Eco-city development and O&M, Manpower training centersEmployment Generation

  13. Illustration of Eco-Initiative in DMIC Node

  14. Steps in the Implementation Process PLANNING Feasibility Development Plan Overall Targets & Strategy Vision and Goals RESOURCE MOBILISATION Building Permissions Land procurement Fund Mobilisation Public Administration DETAILED DESIGN Infrastructure Design Overlay Districts Action Area Plans/ Sub-divisions Detailed landscape & urban design plans CONSTRUCTION Laying of infrastructure incl. Roads, Streetscape, public utilities, and other amenities etc.

  15. Dholera Special Investment Region Project Location Dholera Special Investment Region is in Planning Stage and has immense potential to be a self sustaining region with world class infrastructure

  16. Assessment of alternative Approaches The Central Spine Modular External By-pass Polycentric with Internal By-pass,

  17. Project features • Total area: 900 sqkm with 540 sq km as developable • Job creation: 8.4 lakhs • Polycentric structure – enables phased development • Planned on the Concept of Eco City • Flexible plan – works with or without Kalpsar Dam

  18. Features of Sustainable City in Dholera SIR • Compact city to minimise travel distances and to promote walk- able community • Proper land and water management strategy to use flood water for development purpose • Emphasis on exploration of wind, solar or biomass as potential sources of energy • Inclusive growth of rural and urban areas with dedicated land parcels for farming • Environment friendly transportation like LRT and MRT

  19. Features of Sustainable City in Dholera SIR • Zero discharge policy for industrial waste water. • Treatment of domestic waste water for public landscape and for usage in industries and irrigation • 30% area of land reserved for green spaces, agriculture, forests and recreation • Sites for environment protection and of historical importance are conserved • Development guidelines to minimize construction & domestic waste

  20. Road Hierarchy and major junctions No interaction of industrial and City Traffic

  21. City Tram or LRT Environment friendly LRT is planned in subsequent phase

  22. Approach to Transit Oriented DevelopmentWalkability to Transit Corridors • A Compact city that promotes the creation of neighborhoods and walkable places connected by transit Proposed BRT In Phase I and… LRT In the later phases Figure shows 10 min walking distance

  23. Power Supply Provisions for green power in all phases

  24. Water Supply Recycled water will be used for Industrial purpose

  25. Thank You

  26. Eco-Initiatives worldwide • Features • Promoter : Governments of China & Singapore • Located at 40 km from Tianjin & 150 km from Beijing • ~ 30 sq.km. planned for 350,000 residents • Water scarce region with salty soil conditions • Planning Principles • Social Harmony (inclusive growth*) • Economic Vibrancy and environment friendly • Resource efficient through highly efficient recycling Sino-Singapore Tianjin City, China

  27. Eco-Initiatives worldwide • Masdar Eco- City, Abu Dhabi • Features • Future Energy technologies being used in industry • Emphasis on innovative industries to generate new ideas for technological advancement • Planning Principles • With eco-initiative, transition from carbon based economy to a sustainable high-technology economy is intended • Setting the pace as a global leader in the energy industry - in technology and in sustainability

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