Basic Types of Solenoid Valve
A solenoid valve is an electrically operated valve. These valves are used to control the flow of gases or liquids. They range in complexity from a simple on-off valve to 4-way reversing valves used on heat pump systems. In most industrial applications, there are five types of solenoid valve: Two-way solenoid valves, three-way solenoid valves, four-way solenoid valves, direct-mount solenoid valves and manifold valves.
Two-way solenoid valves – It normally has one inlet and one outlet, and is used to permit and shut off fluid flow.
Three-way solenoid valves – It has three pipe connections and two orifices. They are commonly used to alternately apply pressure to an exhaust pressure from a valve actuator or a single acting cylinder.
Four-way Solenoid Valves – These types has four or five pipe connections, commonly called ports. One is a pressure inlet port, and two others are cylinder ports providing pressure to the double-acting cylinder, and one/two outlets exhaust pressure from the cylinders.
Direct-mount solenoid valves – These are two-way, three-way and four-way solenoid valves, designed for gang mounting into different quantities. These are standard solenoid valves whose pipe connections and mounting configuration have been replaced by a mounting configuration.
Manifold Valves – It consists of a matrix of solenoid valves mounted in modules on a skid with adjustable legs along one direction. The number of valve depends on the elements to be connected and on the function.
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