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Performance Evaluation Using Variances From Standard Costs PowerPoint Presentation
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Performance Evaluation Using Variances From Standard Costs

Performance Evaluation Using Variances From Standard Costs

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Performance Evaluation Using Variances From Standard Costs

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  1. 7 Performance Evaluation Using Variances From Standard Costs

  2. 0 7-1 Standards Standards are performance goals. Manufacturers normally use standard costs for each of the three manufacturing costs: • Direct materials • Direct labor • Factory overhead

  3. 0 7-2 Standard Cost for XL Jeans 16

  4. 0 7-2 Budget Performance Report 19

  5. 0 7-2 Relationship of Variances to the Total Manufacturing Cost Variances 20

  6. 0 7-3 Direct Materials Standard square yards per pair of jeans 1.50 sq. yards Actual units produced x 5,000 pairs of jeans Standard square yards of denim budgeted for actual production 7,500 sq. yards Standard price per sq. yd. x $5.00 Standard direct materials cost at actual production $37,500 22

  7. 0 7-3 Direct Materials Price Variance Actual price per unit $5.50 per sq. yd. Standard price per unit 5.00 per sq. yd. Price variance (unfavorable) $0.50 per sq. yd. $0.50 times the actual quantity of 7,300 sq. yds. =$3,650 unfavorable 23

  8. 0 7-3 Direct Materials Quantity Variance Actual quantity used 7,300 sq. yds. Standard quantity at actual production 7,500 Quantity variance (favorable) (200) sq. yds. (200) square yards times the standard price of $5.00 = ($1,000) favorable 24

  9. Example Exercise 7-1 0 7-3 Tip Top Corp. produces a product that requires six standard pounds per unit. The standard price is $4.50 per pound. If 3,000 units required 18,500 pounds, which were purchased at $4.35 per pound, what is the direct materials (a) price variance, (b) quantity variance, and (c) cost variance? 27

  10. Follow My Example 7-1 0 7-3 • Direct materials price variance (favorable) • ($2,775) [($4.35 – $4.50) x 18,500 pounds] • Direct materials quantity variance (unfavorable) • $2,250 [(18,500 pounds – 18,000 pounds) x • $4.50] • Direct materials cost variance (favorable) • ($525) [($2,775) + $2,250] or[($4.35 x 18,500 pounds) – ($4.50 x 18,000 pounds)] = $80,475 – $81,000 28 For Practice: PE7-1A, PE7-1B

  11. 0 7-3 Direct Labor Variances Standard direct labor hours per pair of XL jeans 0.80 direct labor hour Actual units produced x 5,000 pairs of jeans Standard direct labor hours budgeted for actual production 4,000 direct labor hours Standard rate per DLH x $9.00 Standard direct labor cost at actual production $36,000 29

  12. 0 7-3 Direct Labor Rate Variance Actual rate $10.00 Standard rate 9.00 Rate variance—unfavorable $ 1.00 per hour $1.00 times the actual time of 3,850 hours =$3,850 unfavorable 30

  13. 0 7-3 Direct Labor Time Variance Actual hours 3,850 DLH Standard hours at actual production 4,000 Time variance—favorable (150) DLH (150) Direct labor hours times the standard rate of $9.00 =($1,350) favorable 31

  14. Example Exercise 7-2 0 7-3 Tip Top Corp. produces a product that requires 2.5 standard hours per unit at a standard hourly rate of $12 per hour. If 3,000 units required 7,420 hours at an hourly rate of $12.30 per hour, what is the direct labor (a) rate variance, (b) time variance, and (c) cost variance? 34

  15. Follow My Example 7-2 0 7-3 • Direct labor rate variance (unfavorable) • $2,226 [($12.30 – $12.00) x 7,420 hours] • Direct labor time variance (favorable) • ($960) [7,420 hours – 7,500 hours) x $12.00] • Direct labor cost variance (favorable) • ($1,266) [$2,226 + ($960)] or [($12.30 x 7,420 hours) – ($12.00 x 7,500 hours)] = $91,266 – $90,000 35 For Practice: PE7-2A, PE7-2B

  16. 1. Actual variable factory overhead cost greater or less than budgeted variable factory overhead for actual production. 2. Actual production at a level above or below 100% of normal capacity. 0 Variances from standard for factory overhead result from: 7-4 The Factory Overhead Flexible Budget

  17. 0 7-4 Variable Factory Overhead Controllable Variance Actual variable factory overhead $ 10,400 Budgeted variable factory overhead for actual amount produced (4,000 hrs. x $3.60) 14,400 Controllable variance— favorable $ (4,000) F 39

  18. Example Exercise 7-3 0 7-4 Tip Top Corp. produced 3,000 units of product that required 2.5 standard hours per unit. The standard variable overhead cost per unit is $2.20 per hour. The actual variable factory overhead was $16,850. Determine the variable factory overhead controllable variance. 40

  19. Follow My Example 7-3 0 7-4 $350 unfavorable $16,850 – [$2.20 x (3,000 units x 2.5 hours)] 41 For Practice: PE7-3A, PE7-3B

  20. 0 7-4 Fixed Factory Overhead Volume Variance 100% of normal capacity 5,000 direct labor hours Standard hours at actual production 4,000 Capacity not used 1,000 direct labor hours Standard fixed overhead rate x $2.40 Volume variance—unfavorable $ 2,400 U 42

  21. Example Exercise 7-4 0 7-4 Tip Top Corp. produced 3,000 units of product that required 2.5 standard hours per unit. The standard fixed overhead cost per unit is $0.90 per hour at 8,000 hours, which is 100% of normal capacity. Determine the fixed factory overhead volume variance. 44

  22. Follow My Example 7-4 0 7-4 $450 unfavorable $0.90 x [8,000 hours – (3,000 units x 2.5 hours)] 45 For Practice: PE7-4A, PE7-4B

  23. 0 7-4 Reporting Factory Overhead Variances Total actual factory overhead $22,400 Factory overhead applied (4,000 hours x $6.00 per hour) 24,000 Total factory overhead cost variance—favorable $(1,600) F 46