transit bus safety oversight program federal transit administration n.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Transit Bus Safety Oversight Program Federal Transit Administration PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Transit Bus Safety Oversight Program Federal Transit Administration

Transit Bus Safety Oversight Program Federal Transit Administration

282 Views Download Presentation
Download Presentation

Transit Bus Safety Oversight Program Federal Transit Administration

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. Transit Bus Safety Oversight ProgramFederal Transit Administration Orientation Seminar April 2, 2014 Presenter: Ream Lazaro

  2. Seminar Agenda • Welcome and Introductions • FTA Bus Safety Program Background, Mission, & Elements • MAP-21 and Safety Management System (SMS) Overview • VoluntaryBus Safety Guidance Part I • Voluntary Bus Safety Guidance Part II • Demonstration of Bus Program website • Closing Remarks

  3. Seminar Overview An effective mechanism to • Present background of Bus Safety Oversight Program • Explain Safety Management System (SMS) objectives • Provide SMS based safety guidance • address needs of transit bus agencies regardless of size, level of funding, or service characteristics • Demonstrate and stimulate use of Bus Safety Program website • Presents opportunity for face-to-face dialog on safety challenges

  4. Bus Safety Oversight Program Overview

  5. Bus Program Background • Voluntary oversight program • Developed in collaboration with industry partners • Objective – improve safety for passengers, employees, and all that share roadways with transit buses • Initial focus on small urban and rural bus transit systems • Now includes large urban bus transit systems and bus rapid transit (BRT)

  6. Bus Program Origins • NTSB recommendations • NTSB investigations determined there were substantial safety deficiencies and insufficient oversight in bus transit industry • Issued recommendations in 1998 to encourage creation of safety standards and practices • FTA responded with “Model Program”

  7. Bus Program Partners • MOU signed by Bus Program Partners in 2003 • Federal Transit Administration (FTA) • American Assoc. of State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO) • American Public Transportation Assoc. (APTA) • Community Transportation Assoc. of America (CTAA) • MOU defined core and enhanced elements of “model program”

  8. Major Bus Program Elements • Resource website • Voluntary onsite reviews • Orientation seminars • Ongoing outreach

  9. Resource Website • Library of 1300 resources • Self-assessment tool • Helps transit agencies identify safety gaps • Case studies • Support emergency planning and decision-making • Safety news and events • Registering gets you more • Currently in redesign • E-learning modules

  10. Voluntary Onsite Reviews • Scheduled by requests from transit agencies, state DOTs, FTA regions • Onsite for 1 – 3 days • Voluntary in nature and designed to provide safety guidance • Post site visit report and technical assistance safety materials • Also shared with key FTA regional or DOT stakeholders

  11. Orientation Seminars • Co-sponsored by state DOTs / state transit associations • Publicizes Bus Program / encourages attendees to use Program resources • Provides safety training, guidance, technical assistance • Demonstrates Bus Program website • Allows dialogue on transit safety needs

  12. Program Outreach • Initiatives include: • Presentations • CTAA EXPOs • FTA regional conferences • National Rural Conferences • MTAP/SCOPT annual meetings • Tribal transit conferences • State transit association conferences • Blast emails • Panels at conferences • Outreach to transit associations

  13. Beneficiaries of FTA Bus Safety Program Individual transit agencies • Program provides mechanism to: • evaluate current safety activities • Identify strengths / needs • assist in SMS implementation Transit employees • Resources to enhance individual technical skill sets and safety professionalism Transit passengers • Assists in decreasing operational safety risks to passengers Communities transit serves • Emphasizes importance of transportation readiness to respond to community emergencies; provides tools for carrying out response

  14. Beneficiaries of FTA Bus Safety Program FTA and US Dept. of Transportation • Meets NTSB recommendations • Encourages achieving safety excellence within SMS guidelines Department of Homeland Security (DHS) and other Federal agencies • Mechanism for FTA to partner with other federal agencies State DOTs • Provides guidance/support on SMS implementation Transit associations • Template for designing safety conference / workshop presentations and technical assistance activities

  15. MAP-21 and SMS

  16. MAP-21 • Moving Ahead for Progress in the 21st Century Act signed into law July 2012 • Includes Section 5329 – Public Transportation Safety Program • Creates a national safety program • National Safety Plan • Transit Agency Safety Plan • Safety Certification Training Program • State Safety Oversight (SSO) Program (rail)

  17. The National Safety Program • The National Safety Program includes four distinct components, three of which are:

  18. National Safety Plan • At a minimum, the National Safety Plan will include: • Safety performance criteria • Definition of State of Good Repair • A public transportation safety certification program • Minimum vehicle standards • Data analysis will be used to identify national trends that suggest: • gaps in safety performance • common hazards • leading practices for risk control

  19. Safety Performance Criteria • FTA will set safety performance criteria for all modes • Criteria will support analysis and risk evaluation • As a result, transit agencies will become more proactive in safety risk management

  20. Minimum Vehicle Safety Standards • FTA’s priority is to issue a proposed rule to establish a bus testing pass/fail standard • Rule will determine usage of FTA funds for bus purchase • Performance standards define an end result, but allow flexibility on how that result is achieved • Congress did not intend FTA to replicate a regulatory model, with highly prescriptive regulations • FTA will consider leading industry practices and National Transit • Safety Board (NTSB) recommendations

  21. Transit Agency Safety Plan • The Transit Agency Safety Plan will demonstrate: • Compliance with the National Safety Plan • Implementation of SMS; scalable and flexible • Agencies must establish and certify this comprehensive plan within a year of the final rule • States may draft and certify Agency Safety Plans for rural areas and for small public transportation providers in urban areas

  22. Safety Certification Training Program • The Safety Certification Training Program focuses on: • Competencies and training outcomes • Certification training for those responsible for the safety oversight of rail transit, as an initial effort • Interim Provisions will soon be published in Federal Register

  23. Safety Management Systems (SMS) • Published policy to adopt SMS in May 2013 • Essential building blocks of a successful SMS already exist • Each transit agency to develop processes to implement SMS • Safety Management System is: • Scalable and flexible to support transit systems of all sizes • Proactive method for managing system safety • A way to ensure data-driven safety decision making • Focused on the overall safety performance, not compliance with regulation and requirements

  24. SMS Framework • Safety Management Policy • Safety Risk Management • Safety Assurance • Safety Promotion

  25. Safety Management Policy • Accountable Executive • Roles and responsibilities • Management commitment • Integration with existing programs • Documentation

  26. Safety Risk Management • Hazard identification and analysis • Risk assessment and mitigation

  27. Safety Assurance • Safety performance monitoring • Management of change • Continuous SMS improvement

  28. Safety Promotion • Competencies and training • Safety communication

  29. SMS Summary • SMS is scalable and flexible and recognizes that one size does not fit all • All transit agencies, regardless of mode, size or operating characteristics will be required to develop Transit Agency Safety Plans • States may help develop and certify Transit Agency Safety Plans for Small Providers • FTA is developing bus testing pass/fail standards

  30. 4 questions that SMS will facilitate answering • What is most likely to be the cause of your next accident or serious incident? • How do you know that? • What are you doing about it? • Is it working?

  31. The Bus Program and MAP-21 • Bus Program enters into transition period • Moving from totally voluntary guidance and technical assistance program to include safety oversight • Provide information on and guide transit industry through SMS implementation process • Continue orientation seminars / presentations • Continue onsite safety reviews • Redesigned website

  32. Voluntary Safety Guidance

  33. Voluntary Guidance Elements • Safety Program Management • Operations Management • Maintenance Management • Human Resource Management • Public Safety Management • Emergency Response Management • Safety Hazard Management • Safety Performance Management

  34. 1. Safety Management • Management Commitment and Responsibility • Safety Leadership Accountability • Key Safety Personnel • Safety Culture • Safety Plan and Safety Documentation

  35. 1A - Management Commitment and Responsibility • Safety policy • Safety objectives • Communication of safety objectives • Commitment of resources to mitigate hazards

  36. 1B - Safety Leadership Accountability • CEO safety accountability • Safety as top priority • Management roles and responsibilities • Chain of command • Reporting of safety issues

  37. 1C - Key Safety Personnel Individual responsible for safety / Safety Officer Makes preventable / non-preventable determinations Manages hazard identification / mitigation process Identifies safety training requirements Holds safety meetings and briefings Documents / analyzes safety data for trends • Reports directly to CEO • Qualified / trained for job • Advises staff on safety issues • Promotes safety awareness • Oversees accident / incident handling and investigation • Develops safety reports

  38. 1D - Safety Culture • Employee orientations on safety responsibilities • Safety incentive or award programs • Safety information dissemination • Employee input on safety concerns • Transit “just culture” and non-punitive reporting

  39. 1E - Safety Plan and Safety Documentation • Safety Plan consistent with Safety Policy • Authorized by oversight authority and transit CEO • States agency’s safety mission, values, goals • States employee safety responsibilities /accountabilities • Addresses coordination with security & emergency preparedness plans • Communicated to employees • Reviewed annually

  40. 1E - Safety Plan and Safety Documentation Safety Plan should address: Accident & incident emergency response Accident & incident investigation Change management / system modification Safety related training Safety related communication Employee safety performance monitoring • Safe delivery of transit services • Transit vehicle maintenance requirements • Transit facility maintenance requirements • Safety data acquisition & analysis • Safety hazard identification, reporting, analysis, mitigation

  41. 2. Operations Management • Service design • Service delivery • Customer service • Vehicle size & configuration • Vehicle inspection • Onboard safety equipment

  42. 2A - Service Design • Fixed route evaluations • Bus stop safety evaluations • Evaluation of demand response / paratransit pick-up and drop-off times • Operator / driver relief time

  43. 2B - Service Delivery • Radio coverage within service area • Radio protocol • Child safety seats • Transporting unaccompanied children

  44. 2C - Customer Service • Passenger assistance policy • Customer service policy includes • restrictions on carry-on items • restrictions on onboard activities • right to refuse service based on unsafe behavior

  45. 2D - Vehicle Size & Configuration • Vehicle procurement • Consider safety records of vehicle prototypes • Consider safety related vehicle configuration / specification issues • seating configuration • lift placement • exit points • fire suppression systems

  46. 2E - Vehicle Inspection • Pre- and post-trip vehicle inspections • formal policy • standardized form • time allotted

  47. 2F - Onboard Safety Equipment • Fire extinguisher • First aid kit • Biohazard kit • Web cutter • Reflective triangles • Flashlight • Reflective vest • Listed on pre-trip form

  48. 3. Maintenance Management • Vehicle maintenance planning • Vehicle preventive & corrective maintenance • Alternative fuel vehicles • Maintenance shop safety • Facility maintenance • Hazardous materials

  49. 3A – Vehicle Maintenance Planning • Formal maintenance plan • Manufacturers warranty requirements • Preventative maintenance scheduling / tracking

  50. 3B – Vehicle Preventive / Corrective Maintenance • Preventive maintenance checklists • Vehicle defect documentation • Wheelchair lift maintenance • Individual vehicle maintenance files • Inspect vehicles after outsourced maintenance