The Renaissance Day 1
Recap • End of Feudalism • Printing Press • Monarchy • Capitalism
Printing Press • Printing press was an important invention • People are learning at an enormous rate • Literacy and ideas spread all throughout Europe. • Since people are educated thoughts spread (art, music, literature, etc)
The Renaissance • Between the 1300-1500’s was a time of great creativity and change in Europe. • Renaissance – Means rebirth. • Golden Age in the arts, literature, and sciences.
Beginnings • Began in Italy in the mid 1300’s and spread northward. • The cities of Italy were thriving centers of trade and manufacturing. • Merchants in these cities had great wealth and were willing to use it to promote art and education.
Humanism • During the Renaissance, Europeans developed a new way of thinking called humanism. • Humanism- Intellectual movement at the heart of the Renaissance that focused on worldly subjects rather than religious ones. • They hoped to use ancient learning to increase knowledge about their own times.
Artistic Achievements • Produced some of the greatest paintings, sculptures, and architecture in the history of the world. • Returned to Greek and Roman styles for domes, arches, and columns. • Artists were supported by the pope, merchants, and princes.
Artistic Achievements • Art reflected humanist concerns. • Many paintings still had religious subjects but others portrayed important contemporary figures. • Very realistic, three dimensional.
Leonardo Da Vinci • Born April 15, 1452 in Vinci Italy. • 1470 went to live in Florence. Learned to Paint in the studio Andrea del Verrocchio. • 25 years old he began working for himself. • Great painter, sculptor, sketcher • 1482 worked for the ruler of Milan (Preda).
Leonardo • Sketchbook – helicopter, tanks, domes, cathedrals. • 1495 Christ’s Last Supper. • 1499 Milan was attacked so went back to live in Florence. • 1507 court painter for the French king of Milan. • Died May 2nd, 1519 (67 years old).
Now What? – Exit Slip • Explain how the Renaissance will bring about “change” in Europe. And add one invention or painting that was pivotal to the Renaissance and why.