Phonics Objectives Lesson 1: Introduction to phonics Lesson 2 : Consonant clusters Lesson 3 : Puzzling sounds Lesson 4 : Syllables and word stress Lesson 5 : Intonation
Phonics Aims • To teach students the basic ideas about reading with phonics. • To show students that when they read with phonics, they can read words by saying the sounds that letters make. • To teach students how to read sight words. Sight word is a word that does not follow the normal phonic rules. • To show students how to use the dictionary to find the pronunciation of words.
Phonics Objectives • Lesson 1 : Introduction to phonics • To help students learning the sounds made by the alphabets. • To teach short and long vowels. • To help students learning consonants. • Teaching method • PowerPoint slide presentation • Exercises and quizzes
Phonics Objectives • Lesson 2 : Consonant clusters • To teach students the consonant clusters. • To help students learning double consonants, blends, digraphs. • Teaching method • PowerPoint slide presentation • Exercises and quizzes
Phonics Objectives • Lesson 3 : Puzzling sounds • To teach students homophones. • To help students learning sounds of past tense endings, soft ‘c’ and ‘g’. • To help students learning ‘r’ as a vowel modifier. • Teaching method • PowerPoint slide presentation • Exercises and quizzes
Phonics Objectives • Lesson 4 : Syllables • To teach students the syllables of words • To help students learning word stresses. • To show students how to use the dictionary to find the pronunciation of words. • Teaching method • PowerPoint slide presentation • Exercises and quizzes
Phonics Objectives • Lesson 5 : Intonation • To teach students the stresses in phrases or sentences. • To help students learning the stress rules. • To teach students how to read out sentences with correct stress patterns. • Teaching method • PowerPoint slide presentation • Exercises and quizzes
Hello! Phonics LessonOne Introduction to Phonics
Phonics Phonics is the process of learning through the relationship between letters and combination of letters and the sounds that go with them.
Phonics approach helps you ‘sounding out’ new words.
English has only 26 letters But 44 different sounds 5written vowels: (母音) a, e, i, o, u 20different vowel sounds 21written consonants (子音) 24consonant sounds
Difficult to read out English words because: 1. Single letter - different sounds apple always Try to read out these words about acorn artist
Difficult to read out English words because: 2. Different letters –same sound be police tree quay sea people piece complete seize key
Vowels a, e, i, o, u Short vowels a, e, i, o, u These letters are called vowels. You can sometimes hear their sounds in the middle of words. Trace the vowel sound in each word: cat nest win rock tub
u i a e o a i o oo e a i e u o e u i o a e o u a i Try it yourself… Put the short vowel sounds into these words. Say the words.
Long vowels: Sometimes the vowels ‘say their names’ i.e., they have the same sound as letters of the alphabet. When they do this they are called LONG vowels. A : play, cage, way E : see, feet, eat I : pie, kite, try O : rope, old, grow U : tube suit, you
‘Magic e’ When ‘e’ is written at the end of a 3 letter word or a 4 letter word, the short vowel sound changes to a long vowel sound. A magic !
u a Ee i o a ee i o u a u i ee o u a i o ee i a o u ee Try it yourself… Put the long vowel sounds into these words.Say the words.
Common Patterns ( I ) Consonant – vowel (c-v) Example: to go be do no Vowel – consonant (v-c) Example: an at in it on up us
Rhyming words with different initial consonants Example: mancan ran panvan fan Common Patterns ( II ) Consonant–vowel–consonant (c-v-c)
Words with different final consonants Example: manmatmad map Common Patterns ( III ) Consonant–vowel–consonant (c-v-c)
Words with different mid short vowels Example: panpenpin Common Patterns ( IV ) Consonant–vowel–consonant (c-v-c)
Try yourself Colourthe vowels If the word has a short vowel sound, colour the wordred If the word has a long vowel sound, colour the wordgreen page page sad sad tie went went tie cup cup so so tree tree cap cap leaf leaf teddy teddy pie pie nose nose
Oral Practice – Tongue Twister Betty Botter - I Betty Botter bought some butter, But, she said, the butter’s bitter If I put it in my batter It will make my batter bitter But a bit of better butter Will make my batter better.
Oral Practice – Tongue Twister Betty Botter - II So she bought a bit of butter, Better than her bitter butter, And she put it in her batter, And the batter was not bitter. So it was better Betty Botter bought a bit of better butter.
Oral Practice – Rhyme Baa, Baa, Black Sheep Baa, baa, black sheep, Have you any wool? Yes, sir, yes, sir, Three bags full; One for the master, And one for the dame, And one for the little boy Who lives down the lane.
Phonics LessonTwo Consonant Clusters
Consonant Clusters Double consonants - two identical consonants which sound like a single consonant in the final position L L L
Consonant Clusters Blends - two consonants ‘blended’ together to form a new sound l bl b
Consonant Clusters Digraphs- two letters joined together to form a new single sound which is quite different from their separate sounds c ch h
Try it yourself! Select the word that rhymes in each group.
Exercise 1 Double consonants bell well shell sell fell tall till tell
Answer 1 Double consonants bell well shell sell fell Good! tell
Exercise 2 Double consonants bill pill fill mill hill will wall well
Answer 2 Double consonants bill pill fill mill hill Well Done! will
Exercise 3 Vowels bead need lead weed feed sell seed sheep
Answer 3 Vowels bead need lead weed feed Excellent! seed
Exercise 4 Vowels bed fed wed head said rid red rod
Answer 4 Vowels bed fed wed head said Bravo! red
Discussion ? ? ? sail ? Good Work! Now discuss with your classmates to find out words that rhyme with ‘sail’.
Which blend? Say out the word. Mark the blend at the beginning of each word.
sw st sn pl sm tr sn st sw Which blend? star st pl sn snake plane
sl bl sp st gl dr cr sm dr Which blend? spoon sp gl dr glass dress
cr sm pl gl fr fl fr tr cr Which blend? crayon trousers cr fr frog tr
pl fr tr st br gr sm st tr Which blend? flower fr gr sm smile grape
Blending riddle Match the words that rhyme.