ICAAN and Internet GovernanceMalta; 6th March 2013 Nigel Hickson; VP; Europe; ICANN
Agenda What is ICANN all about? The multi-stakeholder approach Some Current issues A brief resume of the 2012 World Conference on International Telecommunications (WCIT) Looking forward Questions
ICANN’s Operations ICANN is structured to manage DNS, ensuring growth and stability of Internet Internet Assigned Numbers Authority Supporting Organizations Address Country Code Names Generic Names Board of Directors Advisory Committees At-Large Governmental DNS Root Server System Security & Stability Technical Advisory Bodies Technical Liaison Group Internet Engineering Task Force
ICANN Qualifications ICANN created to coordinate DNS and other systems of unique identifiers Affirmation of Commitments established ICANN’s independence, accountability and commitment to the public interest IANA functions performed in line with the National Telecommunications and Information Administration, an agency within the U.S. Department of Commerce.
Functions that ICANN Coordinates Domain Name System (DNS) Internet Protocol (IP) Address Allocation Protocol-Parameter Registry Root Server Systems Generic Top-Level Domain Names (gTLD) system management Country-code Top-Level Domain Name (ccTLD) DNS Time Zone Database Management
Components of Internet Ecosystem Organizations, individuals and processes that shape the coordination and management of the global Internet Highly interdependent parts which require significant coordination ICANN is one of these organizations ICANN is pivotal to naming and addressing
Some Current Issues New Top-Level Domain Names IDN – Internationalized Domain Names Globalization
Expanded gTLDs Introduction of unlimited gTLD names or extensions A platform for innovation, choice and competition in marketplace Creating online cultural, geographic and linguistic communities 1930 applications from 60 countries and territories Adding safeguards to the process
Internationalized Domain Names Most newcomers to Internet do not speak English IDNs allow users to access the Internet entirely in their own language characters, rather than in Latin characters Applicants for expanded gTLDs include more than a hundred IDNs Making the Internet ever more globally inclusive
Moving the “centre of gravity” from LA New “Hub” offices in Singapore and Istanbul So HQ in 3! Along with “engagement” offices New thinking No longer do you have to come to the mountain! Serious about Internationalization
Internationalization / Engagement – Who I* Organizations Inter-Governmental Organizations (ITU, OECD, UN, World Bank…) ICANN Community Regional Organizations (European Union, African Union…) Business Organizations (ICC; Digital Europe, CBI) Users….
Internationalization / Engagement – How Through Regional VPs and Stakeholder Engagement Team; Working with ISOC/ RIRs etc Through GAC; ccTLD; gNSO and ALAC; Through Regional ccTLD bodies and Regional At-Large Organizations (RALOs) Through business associations and civil society Specific Working Groups (Africa strategy)
A Brief Resume of WCIT The Facts The Process Lessons Learned
The Facts New Treaty will become effective on 1 January 2015 for those countries that sign and ratify it The Resolutions had affect from 14 December 2012 The ITR (1988) will continue to apply to those not signing 89 signed Treaty; 55 did not (but some still may) Member States can sign with reservations (some will)
The Process – How we got to WCIT and Refined ITR Council preparation phase; PP-10 Resolution and Council Report made little difference Majority of debate on proposals submitted in last six months ITU engineered partial transparency Dialogue dominated completely by Member States and Regional Grouping Use of “secret” sessions a problem A “vote” made up mind of vast majority of non-signers
Lessons Learned It was not the start of a “cold war” Many different views; many different issues? Many countries undecided – lot of work to do
Looking Forward World Telecommunications Policy Forum (WTPF) | May 2013 World Summit on Information Society (WSIS) Review | Starting now
World Telecommunications Policy Forum May; 2013; Geneva ITU Conference - Advisory Nature Issue is Internet Governance “Opinions” will be adopted Will influence international dialogue
WSIS (1) - Process 10 year UN Review – mandated in Tunis Agenda adopted at WSIS Focus on overall affect of WSIS on global access and connectivity; UNESCO (WSIS+10) Conference in Paris ITU; WSIS Event- Egypt; 2014 United Nations General Assembly Review in 2015?
WSIS (2) - Questions Whether the multi-stakeholder approach for Internet Governance (Adopted in Tunis Agenda) has benefited society Have governments been allowed to play an appropriate role? Does Tunis Agenda need reviewing? What’s at stake?
Conclusion A lot is happening at ICANN –for the good Multi-stakeholder model works well for Internet Governance
QUESTIONS / DISCUSSION firstname.lastname@example.org