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Lesotho. About Lesotho. The Kingdom of Lesotho landlocked country entirely surrounded by the Republic of South Africa . over 30,000 km² in size estimated population almost 1,800,000. economy is based on : diamonds exported all over the world
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About Lesotho • The Kingdom of Lesotho • landlockedcountry entirely surrounded by the Republic of South Africa. • over 30,000 km² in size • estimated population almost 1,800,000. • economy is based on : diamonds exported all over the world : water sold to South Africa, : manufacturing, : agriculture, livestock : the earnings of labourers employed in South Africa • Also exports wool,clothing, and footwear. • The Prime Minister- PakalithaBethuelMosisili • The king serves a largely ceremonial function
Millennium Development Goals • To achieve universal education’ To ensure that all boys and girls complete a full course of primary schooling by 2015. • To combat aids, malaria and other such diseases. (a) Have halted by 2015 and begun to reverse the spread of HIV/AIDS (b) Achieve, by 2010, universal access to treatment for HIV/AIDS for all those who need (c) Have halted by 2015 and begun to reverse the incidence of malaria and other major diseases
Education • An estimated 85 percent of population 15 yrs + is literate • One of the highest literacy rates in Africa. • In 1990 The Government of Lesotho adopted the World Declaration on Education for All and thus made a commitment to the key global targets
Have centred on two general priority areas. 1-The provision of quality basic education for all • November 1999 the Government announced Free Primary Education from January 2000, beginning with grade 1 and adding another grade each year to primary completion at grade 7. 2 -Expand and improve vocational training and technical education to increase employment
Progression Much has been achieved in 2008-09 • Further high schools completed • Vocational and technical centres expanded • Equipment procured for workshops and libraries. • The programme of construction and furnishing of schools, laboratories, and resource centres is ongoing at all levels
Disease • The Kingdom of Lesotho is the world's only country with its entire landmass more than 1500mabove sea • Kingdom in the Sky • mosquitoes don't thrive • Free from tropical diseases such as yellow fever, bilharzia and malaria.
Diseases • Lesotho has one of the highest rates of HIV and AIDS infections in the world. • HIV prevalence rate for those aged between 15 and 49 is 23.2 percent the second highest in the world.
The first case of HIV Aids was reported in Lesotho in 1986. • Government has struggled to take concrete action against HIV/AIDS
In 2005, programs for the distribution of anti-retrovirals were initiated. • Since 2005 no significant change • 62 new HIV infections and 50 deaths due to AIDS occur each day. • Of those infected with HIV in Lesotho: almost 12,000 are children;
Educational campaigns -Road Show. • Prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV -In 2007 around 91 percent of pregnant women had an HIV test an increase from 2005 • Treatment for HIV -The government launched its national programme to provide free antiretroviral therapy in November 2004 -By the end of 2008, the number of people receiving antiretroviral drugs doubled that of 2007.
TB • The Partners in Health project in Lesotho was launched in 2006 • Prior to Partners In Health ,the country lacked the resources to diagnose drug-resistant TB and monitor its prevalence
In 2007 first-ever treatment program for multidrug-resistant tuberculosis • refurbished the national TB laboratory and opened new TB hospital in the capital city, Maseru. • Patients come from all over the country, including the country’s most isolated rural mountain districts