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## Point, Line, and Plane Postulates

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**Point, Line, and Plane Postulates**Section 2.4**Note-Taking Guide**I suggest only writing down things in red**Review of Postulates from Chapter 1**• Postulate 1 = Rule Postulate • Basically you can measure length/distance with a ruler • Postulate 2 = Segment Addition Postulate • If is between and then • Postulate 3 = Protractor Postulate • Basically you can measure angles with a protractor • Postulate 4 = Angle Addition Postulate • If is in the interior of then**New Postulates in Section 2.4**More statements about points, lines, and planes we accept without having to prove them The reason we are learning these is to eventually use them to prove other things**Plane, Line, and Point Postulates**Postulate 5 Through any two points there exists exactly one line**Plane, Line, and Point Postulates**Postulate 6 A line contains at least two points**Plane, Line, and Point Postulates**Postulate 7 If two lines intersect, then their intersection is exactly one point**Plane, Line, and Point Postulates**Postulate 8 Through any three noncollinear points there exists exactly one plane**Plane, Line, and Point Postulates**Postulate 9 A plane contains at least three noncollinear points**Plane, Line, and Point Postulates**Postulate 10 If two points lie in a plane, then the line containing them lies in the plane**Plane, Line, and Point Postulates**Postulate 11 If two planes intersect, then their intersection is a line**Definition**Definition of Perpendicular Figures: A line is to a plane if and only if the line is to every line in the plane that it intersects Notice how line is to line and line and any other line we could draw in plane**Interpreting Diagrams**• What stuff are we allowed to assume in this diagram? • Coplanar points • Points on drawn inlines are collinear**Interpreting Diagrams**• What stuff are we NOT allowed to assume in this diagram? • Points without drawn in lines are collinear • Ex: G, F, E • Coplanar lines intersect • Coplanar lines do not intersect • Ex: we do not know if and intersect, but we do not know that they don’t intersect • Congruency • Perpendicular**Boardwork**Find a marker and a spot at the board**True or False**Two planes intersect in exactly one point. False**True or False**A plane contains at least 3 noncollinear points. True**True or False**Through any two points there exists exactly one line. True**True or False**If two points are on a plane, then the line containing those points is off of the plane. False**True or False**If two lines intersect, then their intersection is exactly two points. False**True or False**A line is made up of exactly two points. False**Practice Problems**• T or F: is in plane • True • State the intersection of plane and plane • T or F: and intersect • True • T or F: and intersect • False • T or F: and intersect • False (there is not enough information to assume one way or the other, so since there the potential for the statement to be false, the statement is not true 100% of the time and thus the correct answer is False)**Practice Problems**• T or F: plane exists • True • T or F: are coplanar • False (it could potentially be false, so answer cannot be true 100% of the time, so correct answer is False) • T or F: is to plane • False (it could potentially be false, so answer cannot be true 100% of the time, so correct answer is False)**Practice Problems**• Name a line to plane • T or F: is in plane • True (even though the line is not drawn in, we know that since the points are in the plane that the line must be in it as well) • T or F: • True (even though the line is not drawn in, since we know is to plane it must be to every line drawn in the plane**Practice Problems**• T or F: plane plane • True • Definition of perpendicular planes: • Planes that intersect so that intersecting lines, one in each plane, form a right angle