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Periodic Table Properties Chart

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Periodic Table Properties Chart

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  1. Periodic Table Properties Chart

  2. Alkali • s block • Metals • Li, Na, K, Rb, Cs, Fr • Properties of metals, low densities, low melting points, soft, highly reactive • Found in the Earth’s crust, make salts, body functions, depression medication (LiCO3), gunpowder (KNO3), the second is determined by measuring radiation from cesium-133, Li (lithium citrate – LiC6H5O7) used to be found in 7-Up from 1927-1950 – what is the atomic mass of lithium?

  3. Alkali Earth • s block • Metals • Be, Mg, Ca, Sr, Ba, Ra • Higher densities and melting points than alkali metals, not as reactive • Found in the Earth’s Crust, minerals, emeralds (Be), Milk of Magnesia (Mg(OH)2), health (Ca), x-ray absorption/detection (BaSO4), and generate radon gas for cancer treatment (Ra)

  4. Transition • d block • Metals • See periodic table • Properties vary greatly across the Periodic Table • Surgery pins (Ti), Stainless Steel (Cr), jewelry, cancer treatment (Tc), brass (Cu and Zn), bronze (Cu and Sn), catalysts (Pd and Pt), light bulb filaments (W), paint colors, and steel alloys (Fe)

  5. Inner Transition • f block • Metals • Lanthanides and Actinides • Lanthanides – generally soft and silvery; Actinides – radioactive • Lanthanides – produce color in TV and form alloys; Actinides – energy sources (U and Pu), smoke detectors (Am-241)

  6. Boron Group • p block • Semimetals (B) and metals • B, Al, Ga, In, Tl • All form +3 ions • Found in the Earth’s crust, Pyrex (B with Si, Na, and Ca compounds), control nuclear reactions (B), and Al foil

  7. Carbon Group • p block • Nonmetals, metals, and semimetals • C, Si, Ge, Sn, Sb, Pb • Carbon in graphite form conducts electricity • Graphite (C), diamonds (C), fossil fuels (C), glass (Si), Quartz (Si), electronics (Ge “doped” with other metalloids), and computer and television screens (Pb)

  8. Nitrogen Group • p block • Nonmetals, metals, and semimetals • N, P, As, Sb, Bi • Form -3 ions • Cleaning products, Nitrogen makes up 78% of the Earth’s atmosphere, airbags (NaN3), DNA, soil fertilizer (H3PO4), and electronics (GaAs), and poisons (As)

  9. Oxygen Group • p block • Nonmetals, metals, and semimetals • O, S, Se, Te, Po • -2 ions • Air (O), water (O), detect gas leaks (S), fool’s gold (FeS2), shampoo (Se), and start nuclear reactions (Po – also 100,000 million times more toxic than cyanide)

  10. Halogens • p block • Semimetal (At) and nonmetals • F, Cl, Br, I, At • -1 ions and very reactive with most metals • Food (salts), toothpaste (NaF), Teflon (C and F), swimming pools (Cl), bleach (NaOCl), PVC piping (Cl), and health (iodine)

  11. Noble Gases • p block • Nonmetals • He, Ne, Ar, Kr, Xe, Rn • Full valence electrons and not reactive (for the most part – Kr and Xe) • Fill blimps (He), development of the first laser – reads barcodes (He and Ne), light bulbs (Ar), “neon” signs, EM from Kr-86 used to “define” a meter, and radioactive (Rn)