Introduction God grows His church by growing people. God grows His church by growing the people and preacher in worship.
Overview of the Day Devotional Pease and Holmes Historical Perspective Liturgical Mission Adventist Worship Worship and Sacraments Order of Service Managing the Service Worship and Culture Creating the Service
Pease and Holmes Norval Pease And Worship Him Born in 1910 Wrote book in 1967 Raymond Holmes Sing a New Song Converted Lutheran Pastor Wrote book in 1984
Historical Perspective “The Seventh-day Adventist church has managed to avoid, to a large degree, the experimentation with new forms of worship which took place in the 1950s and 1960s in other church bodies, both Protestant and Catholic” (Holmes 1984:3). (However: Maranatha Music and “Seeker Services in the 1990s).
Liturgical Mission Liturgical mission based on Revelation 14:6 Historical setting: Hour of Judgment Mission: Worship Him! “Adventist forms of worship . . . must grow out of theological reflection on worship as Revelation 14 sees it: intimately related to the ministry of the Lord in heaven” (Holmes 1984:10).
Liturgical Mission Common meaning of “Liturgy” Set prayers and forms of worship Catholic, Lutheran, Episcopal “High Church” Biblical meaning of “Liturgy” “A minister (Greek: leitergos) in the sanctuary” (Hebrews 8:2). Jesus is the “Liturgist” in the heavenly sanctuary. The priestly function has not been transferred to the earthly church but the heavenly sanctuary which we should model.
Liturgical Mission Heavenly Ministry Promised Return Proclaims We say and do in worship “Our liturgical mission is to proclaim His heavenly ministry and promised return by what we say and do when we worship” (Holmes 1984:14).
Adventist Worship in Theological Context The Sabbath “As one of the three major biblical doctrines which identify Adventists, the Sabbath should be liturgically dramaticized and illustrated in every worship service” (Holmes 1984:27). The Heavenly Sanctuary “When Adventists gather for worship they are by faith connected, not simply with historical events, but also with the present ministry of the Lord in the heavenly sanctuary” (Holmes 1984:39).
Adventist Worship in Theological Context The Second Advent “In its worship the Seventh-day Adventist Church not only looks back in grateful memory, but also looks forward in confident hope. That hope rests firmly on the biblical promises concerning the imminent return of the Lord Jesus Christ. Adventist worship takes place, therefore, on the threshold of His coming” (Holmes 1984:53).
Adventist Worship in Theological Context “The mission of the Seventh-day Adventist church must be made audible and visible in its worship services, thereby reflecting the distinctive doctrines we hold to be essential and vital” (Holmes 1984:15). How could you make the following doctrines “audible and visible” during the worship service? The Sabbath The Heavenly Ministry of Christ The Second Advent of Christ
Worship and the Sacraments Traditional Meaning Catholic Church mystical seven sacraments Biblical/Historical Meaning Latin word derived from Greek “musterion/mystery” Can mean pledge/oath, covenant “In this sense ‘sacrament’ simply expresses the mutual pledge” between God and His people. “Our alternate term ‘ordinance’” came from the Puritans who thought sacrament was too “superstitious” (Holmes 1984:60).
Worship and the Sacraments Baptism “Baptism obliges the church to make clear in its preaching and teaching the distinction between living like a pagan and living like a converted Christian” (Holmes 1984:64). Baptism must not just be “stuck in the worship service as an afterthought” but the entire worship service must be “planned around this event” (Holmes 1984:69).
Worship and the Sacraments Communion “Communion provides liturgical opportunity to demonstrate this surrender, the body of Christ offering itself anew in faith and in obedient service and discipleship.” In the prayer over the bread, “it is the people of God who are the true sacrament: broken bread and poured-out wine for a world in desperate need of a Saviour and the righteousness of God.” (Holmes 1984:72). Section on Frequency—Biblical and Historical Chapter on Footwashing
Worship and the Order of Service “Worship . . . requires careful planning as well as a careful education of the congregation as to the meaning and significance for the last-day church. . . . The worship of the last-day church should reflect an orderly progression towards a pre-determined goal” (Holmes 1984:90, 91). “The planning of the order of service takes place in the wide area that exists between what Peter Brunner calls the ‘absolutely commanded’ and the ‘absolutely forbidden’” (Holmes 1984:92).
Worship and the Order of Service Constants and Variants (Holmes 1984:94-95). Constants: Introit “Entrance;” The Sabbath Prayer Response: Heavenly Sanctuary Benedictory Response: The Second Coming Variants: Prelude Prayers Invocation Special Music Hymns Sermon Scripture Readings Benediction
Managing the Service Principles to keep in mind for conducting the service: 1. Plan ahead 2. Keep it simple 3. Keep it balanced 4. If you add, then subtract 5. Stand up, start up, sit down 6. Get the preacher up 7. Begin and end on a high note
Worship and Culture Los Angeles, California Maliksi, Philippines Same Theology, Different Sociology Different Worship
Worship and Culture The local worship of a SDA church should be uniquely shaped by the theological influence of the Sabbath and Second Coming and the sociological influence of its context. While the church is to strive to maintain its unity of faith and practice, it also needs to encourage the emergence of new understandings of the message and how it is presented in the many different parts of the world today.
Worship and Culture Adapting the worship service to the local culture needs to move beyond the mere singing of songs and doing the service in the native language. We need to adapt the important rituals of the country and transform their meaning into the Christian and Adventist context. Example: Should a Thai Adventist Church have pews?
Creating the Service Create a unique Seventh-day Adventist worship service keeping the following principles in mind: 1. What is the theme of the service? (2nd Coming, Peace, Faith, Love, etc.). 2. What are the unique SDA elements? (Sabbath, 2nd Coming, Heavenly Ministry) 3. How many minutes will each element take? 4. How does the service reflect the culture? Make this part of the your final presentation.