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Hazard Communication Right-to-Know

Hazard Communication Right-to-Know

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Hazard Communication Right-to-Know

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  1. Hazard CommunicationRight-to-Know INSERT GROUP AND DATE INFORMATION SAMPLE PROGRAM DRAFT GHS General Program, SUNY OCF, 12/19/12

  2. Supplies • Roster • Demo SDS for example/questions to ask and review handout (collect at end and reuse) • Other site specific materials DRAFT GHS General Program, SUNY OCF, 12/19/12

  3. Purpose • Where can an employee can find information about the hazards of chemicals to which they may be exposed at work so that they can protect themselves from the effects of overexposure? • Physical hazards • Health hazards • Two laws: • OSHA’s Hazard Communication Standard • NYS Right-to-Know Law DRAFT GHS General Program, SUNY OCF, 12/19/12

  4. Haz Com Standard Major Requirements • Written plan • Inventory of chemicals • Safety Data Sheets and Labeling • Training of employees DRAFT GHS General Program, SUNY OCF, 12/19/12

  5. Training • Haz Com standard and employers written plan • Hazardous chemicals properties and the methods used to detect their presence or release • Physical and health hazards associated with exposure • Procedures to protect against overexposures • Emergency procedures DRAFT GHS General Program, SUNY OCF, 12/19/12

  6. Goals of Training • Name two laws that protect an employee’s right-to-know about hazardous materials in the workplace. • Name two primary methods used to communicate chemical. • Name two ways chemicals, in general, can cause injury to the body. • Where can I find if a product I am handling can cause an increased risk of pregnancy loss or potentially cause cancer? • Where can I find the type of gloves I should be using? • Who can help me get more information about the chemicals I work with? DRAFT GHS General Program, SUNY OCF, 12/19/12

  7. Global Harmonization Standard “Revising OSHA's Hazard Communication standard will improve the quality and consistency of hazard information, making it safer for workers to do their jobs and easier for employers to stay competitive.“ DRAFT GHS General Program, SUNY OCF, 12/19/12

  8. Changes • New look to labels. • New pictograms on labels. • More standardized Safety Data Sheets. • Better Safety Data Sheet information. DRAFT GHS General Program, SUNY OCF, 12/19/12

  9. More Consistent LanguageWhat do you need to protect yourself? DRAFT GHS General Program, SUNY OCF, 12/19/12

  10. Things that haven’t changed: • Chemicals can only cause health effects when they come into contact with your body. • Routes of Entry • Skin contact (absorption through the skin or damage on contact to skin or eyes) • Inhalation • Ingestion • Injection DRAFT GHS General Program, SUNY OCF, 12/19/12

  11. Skin Contact • Skin irritation or injury • Skin absorption (some things are absorbed through the skin) DRAFT GHS General Program, SUNY OCF, 12/19/12

  12. Some materials are absorbed through the skin: Others irritate or burn the skin: DRAFT GHS General Program, SUNY OCF, 12/19/12

  13. Eye Contact DRAFT GHS General Program, SUNY OCF, 12/19/12

  14. Inhalation DRAFT GHS General Program, SUNY OCF, 12/19/12

  15. Exposure Limitsassumes 8 hrs/day and 40 hrs/weekgenerally healthy worker population PEL TLV Permissible Exposure Limit Legally enforceable For both the PEL and TLV, the higher the number, the less toxic a material is, the more you can inhale without injury Threshold Limit Value More responsive to new scientific information There are other exposure limits that may also be used. DRAFT GHS General Program, SUNY OCF, 12/19/12

  16. Ingestion AMA's Current Procedural Terminology, Revised 1998 Edition.  DRAFT GHS General Program, SUNY OCF, 12/19/12

  17. Injection DRAFT GHS General Program, SUNY OCF, 12/19/12

  18. Common Sense: Rules Around Chemicals • Respect fire hazard and be prepared to respond to fires, spills, and other emergencies! • Understand the hazards associated with the chemicals. • Understand the personal protective equipment (PPE) that you need, and all safety procedures. • Use the smallest quantity of the least hazardous chemicals possible. DRAFT GHS General Program, SUNY OCF, 12/19/12

  19. More Common Sense Rules • When dealing with dust, use wet methods when you can. • Wash after chemical use. • Don’t eat or drink around hazardous chemicals. • Remove protective clothing and equipment when you have finished the job. DRAFT GHS General Program, SUNY OCF, 12/19/12

  20. Common Sense • Don’t mix different chemicals without authorization. • Don’t super-concentrate chemicals that the manufacturer intended to have diluted. • More is not necessarily better. DRAFT GHS General Program, SUNY OCF, 12/19/12

  21. Planning for Chemical Use • Engineering Controls • Do we need this chemical? • Can we isolate the chemical from the people? • Work Practice Controls • Can we minimize the ways it can impact a worker’s body? • Administrative Controls • Can we limit exposure to certain areas, time periods? • Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) • Gloves, goggles, respirators, moon suits, etc. DRAFT GHS General Program, SUNY OCF, 12/19/12

  22. How are hazards communicated? • Two important tools to supplement supervisor's orientation about hazardous materials in the workplace: • Labels • Safety Data Sheets DRAFT GHS General Program, SUNY OCF, 12/19/12

  23. Labels:Standardized Form and Language • Symbol – pictogram • Signal Word • Danger (more significant) • Warning • Standard hazard statement DRAFT GHS General Program, SUNY OCF, 12/19/12

  24. DRAFT GHS General Program, SUNY OCF, 12/19/12

  25. DRAFT GHS General Program, SUNY OCF, 12/19/12

  26. Pictograms • Black and white pictures with a red diamond border. • Pictures generally give a clue as to hazard. • If a number appears, the smaller the number, the greater the hazard! DRAFT GHS General Program, SUNY OCF, 12/19/12

  27. HMIS & NFPA Diamond • 0 means almost no hazard • 4 means extreme danger DRAFT GHS General Program, SUNY OCF, 12/19/12

  28. New GHS Pictograms • If there is a number with GHS, the bigger the number the lesser the hazard! • Opposite direction from NFPA DRAFT GHS General Program, SUNY OCF, 12/19/12

  29. Carcinogens cause cancer. Mutagens cause harm to fetuses. Reproductive toxins cause problems in pregnancy and/or getting pregnant (men and women). Respiratory Sensitizer means you may have a heightened reaction on second exposure. Target organ is the organ that is most effected. Aspiration toxic means it irritates or harms when you inhale the liquid or solid. DRAFT GHS General Program, SUNY OCF, 12/19/12

  30. Flammable means vapors burn. • Pyrophorics will ignite spontaneously when exposed to air. • Organic peroxides can sometimes form explosive compounds by themselves. • Self igniters/heaters get warm over time with access to air. DRAFT GHS General Program, SUNY OCF, 12/19/12

  31. Irritants irritate. • Sensitizers cause more severe second-exposure reactions. • Acute – short term • Chronic – long term DRAFT GHS General Program, SUNY OCF, 12/19/12

  32. Gas under pressure can release pressure quickly – causing mechanical hazards and releasing large volumes of gas that can displace air (suffocation potential) or be toxic. DRAFT GHS General Program, SUNY OCF, 12/19/12

  33. DRAFT GHS General Program, SUNY OCF, 12/19/12

  34. DRAFT GHS General Program, SUNY OCF, 12/19/12

  35. Oxidizers can cause or contribute to fire in other materials. DRAFT GHS General Program, SUNY OCF, 12/19/12

  36. DRAFT GHS General Program, SUNY OCF, 12/19/12

  37. DRAFT GHS General Program, SUNY OCF, 12/19/12

  38. Bondit • This section for the SDS can be used if more appropriate for some employee groups. DRAFT GHS General Program, SUNY OCF, 12/19/12

  39. Section 1, Identification • product identifier • manufacturer or distributor info • emergency phone number • recommended use • restrictions on use DRAFT GHS General Program, SUNY OCF, 12/19/12

  40. What’s the name of the product and what’s the phone number of the manufacturer?What is it used for? DRAFT GHS General Program, SUNY OCF, 12/19/12

  41. DRAFT GHS General Program, SUNY OCF, 12/19/12

  42. Section 2, Hazard(s) identification • hazards regarding the chemical • required label elements DRAFT GHS General Program, SUNY OCF, 12/19/12

  43. What happens if this gets in my eyes? DRAFT GHS General Program, SUNY OCF, 12/19/12

  44. DRAFT GHS General Program, SUNY OCF, 12/19/12

  45. Section 3, Composition/information on ingredients DRAFT GHS General Program, SUNY OCF, 12/19/12

  46. Section 4, First-aid measures • important symptoms/ effects • acute, delayed • required treatment • What do I do if I got this all over my skin? DRAFT GHS General Program, SUNY OCF, 12/19/12

  47. DRAFT GHS General Program, SUNY OCF, 12/19/12

  48. Section 5, Fire-fighting measures DRAFT GHS General Program, SUNY OCF, 12/19/12

  49. Section 6, Accidental release measures lists emergency procedures; protective equipment; proper methods of containment and cleanup. DRAFT GHS General Program, SUNY OCF, 12/19/12

  50. Section 7, Handling and storage DRAFT GHS General Program, SUNY OCF, 12/19/12