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Hazard Communication 2012 & Right-To-Know

Hazard Communication 2012 & Right-To-Know

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Hazard Communication 2012 & Right-To-Know

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  1. Hazard Communication 2012&Right-To-Know

  2. Summary of 2012 Changes • Revised 1994 Haz Com Standard (HCS) • Goal is to be consistent with United Nations Globally Harmonized System • Terminology Changes: • Hazard Determination Hazard Classification • Evaluate Classify • MSDS SDS

  3. Appendices • Information that used to be in definition section was moved to appendices: • Appendix A – Health Hazard Criteria • Appendix B – Physical Hazard Criteria • Appendix C – Allocation of Label Elements • Appendix D – Safety Data Sheets

  4. Purpose of Regulation • To protect employees from chemical hazards in the workplace NYS PESH Training and Education

  5. Hazardous Chemical • Any chemical which is classified as a physical hazard or a health hazard • Also includes: • Simple asphyxiants • Combustible dusts • Pyrophoric gases • Hazards not otherwise classified

  6. Hazard Classification • Hazard Class and Category (Severity), where appropriate • Identify and consider full range of available scientific literature and other evidence concerning potential hazards including mixtures • Appendix A for Health Hazards • Appendix B for Physical Hazards

  7. Appendix B – Physical Hazard

  8. App B - Physical Hazards 8

  9. Explosives/Blasting Agents Old New NYS PESH Training and Education

  10. Flammables • Gases, Aerosols, Solids and Liquids • Precautions - • Sources of ignition • Storage • Housekeeping • Proper use

  11. Comparison of New and Old Flammable Liquid Criteria

  12. Gases Under Pressure • Formerly known as “Compressed Gases” • Oxygen • Acetylene • Chlorine • Nitrogen NYS PESH Training and Education

  13. Oxidizers • Substance which may, generally by providing oxygen, cause or contribute to the combustion of other material more than air does NYS PESH Training and Education

  14. Pyrophorics A solid or liquid which, even in small quantities, is liable to ignite within five minutes after coming into contact with air Pyrophoric gasis a chemical in a gaseous state that will ignite spontaneously in air at a temperature of 130 degrees F (54.4 degrees C) or below NYS PESH Training and Education

  15. Self-reactive chemicalsare thermally unstable liquid or solid chemicals liable to undergo a strongly exothermic decomposition even without participation of oxygen Self-heating of a substance or mixture is a process where the gradual reaction of that substance or mixture with oxygen (in air) generates heat Self-Reactive & Self-Heating NYS PESH Training and Education

  16. Chemicals which, in contact with water, emit flammable gases are solid or liquid chemicals which, by interaction with water, are liable to become spontaneously flammable or to give off flammable gases in dangerous quantities • Organic peroxides are thermally unstable chemicals, which may undergo exothermic self-accelerating decomposition. In addition, they may have one or more of the following properties: • (a) Be liable to explosive decomposition; • (b) Burn rapidly; • (c) Be sensitive to impact or friction; • (d) React dangerously with other substances.

  17. App A - Health Hazards 17

  18. Toxicity • The ability to cause injury to a living system • Neurotoxin • Hepatotoxin • Nephrotoxin • Dermaltoxin • Cardiotoxin NYS PESH Training and Education

  19. Routes of Exposure • Inhalation • Ingestion • Absorption • Injection NYS PESH Training and Education

  20. Acute vs Chronic Toxicity • Acute – effects appear promptly after exposure, usually within 24 hours • Chronic – delayed effects following repeated, long duration exposure NYS PESH Training and Education

  21. Dose – Response Concept • The effect of a chemical depends upon the amount and duration of exposure • A substance could be helpful in small doses (drug remedy) but harmful in larger doses (poison) NYS PESH Training and Education

  22. Acute Toxicity • Adverse effects occurring following oral or dermal administration of a single dose of a substance, or multiple doses given within 24 hours, or an inhalation exposure of 4 hours • Acute Toxicity – Inhalation:

  23. Toxicity NYS PESH Training and Education

  24. Corrosion vs Irritation • Irreversible tissue damage • Reversible tissue damage

  25. Sensitizers • Respiratory sensitizer – Chemical that will lead to hypersensitivity of the airways following inhalation • Skin sensitizer – Chemical that will lead to an allergic response following skin contact

  26. Other Health Hazards • Carcinogens – Known, presumed or suspected • Germ Cell Mutagens – Cause genetic changes which can be passed onto offspring • Reproductive toxins – Adverse effects on sexual function and fertility or development of offspring • Specific Target Organ Toxicity (STOT) NYS PESH Training and Education

  27. New Hazards Added

  28. Hierarchy of Controls • Engineering Controls – substitution, elimination, ventilation, enclosure • Administrative Controls – work practices and employee rotation • Personal Protective Equipment – Last resort because hazard still exists NYS PESH Training and Education

  29. How to Protect Employees • Implement Effective Program • Evaluate chemical hazards in workplace • Transmit information to employees NYS PESH Training and Education

  30. Written Program Training Chemical List HazCom Program Labeling Maintain MSDS Hazard Communication Program Elements NYS PESH Training and Education

  31. Develop Chemical List • Evaluate workplace and develop list of hazardous chemical products present • Also add to list those hazardous chemicals produced in workplace NYS PESH Training and Education

  32. e) Written Program • (1)(i) List of Hazardous Chemicals by Product Identifier referenced on Safety Data Sheet

  33. f) Labels – Extensively Rewritten • New detailed provisions in Appendix C • (1) Labels on Shipped Containers • (i) Product Identifier • (ii) Signal Word • (iii) Hazard Statement • (iv) Pictogram • (v) Precautionary Statement(s), and • (vi) Name, address and telephone number of manufacturer, importer, or other responsible party

  34. New Label Elements • Signal word- Indicate the relative level of severity of hazard and alerts the reader to a potential hazard on the label • Danger - used for more severe hazards • Warning - used for less severe • Hazard statement- Describes the nature of the hazard(s) of a chemical, including, where appropriate, the degree of hazard • Toxic if inhaled • Causes severe burns and eye damage • Extremely flammable liquid • Pictograms

  35. Pictograms

  36. Precautionary Statements • Describes recommended measures that should be taken to minimize or prevent adverse effects resulting from exposure to a hazardous chemical, or improper storage or handling: • Prevention • Response • Storage • Disposal

  37. Work Practice Controls - Wet Methods NYS PESH Training and Education

  38. f) Labels (Cont’d) • (2) Manufacturer, importer or distributor shall ensure that labels info is: • In accordance with Appendix C • Prominently displayed, and • In English • (3) Manufacturer, importer or distributor shall ensure that signal word, hazard statement, and pictogram is located together on tag, label or mark

  39. Appendix C- Label Allocation

  40. Sample HS85 Label HS85 Warning Batch number: 85L6543 Harmful if swallowed. Wash hands and face thoroughly after handling. Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local, state and federal regulations. First aid: If swallowed: Call a doctor if you feel unwell. Rinse mouth. GHS Example Company, 123 Global Circle, Anyville, NY 130XX Emergency Telephone (888) 888-8888 43

  41. Sample Label

  42. f)(6) Workplace Labeling • Employer shall ensure that each container of hazardous chemicals in the workplace is labeled, tagged or marked with either: • (i) The information specified under paragraphs (f)(1)(i) through (v) or • (ii) Product identifier and words, pictures, symbols, or combination thereof, which provide at least general information regarding the hazards of the chemicals, and which, in conjunction with the other information available to employees under the hazard communication program, will provide employees with the specific information regarding the physical and health hazards of the hazardous chemical

  43. WARNING: New System CONTRADICTS HMIS System • Hazardous Materials Identification System • Hazard Scale is OPPOSITE of GHS: • Minimal Hazard=0Slight Hazard=1Moderate Hazard=2Serious Hazard=3Severe Hazard=4 NYS PESH Training and Education

  44. Safety Data Sheets (SDS) • Formerly MSDS • Obtain SDS for all hazardous chemicals present or produced • Obtain from manufacturer, distributor, retailer, or on-line resources • Organize SDS so they may be located quickly • SDS must be readily accessible to employees during all shifts NYS PESH Training and Education

  45. Safety Data Sheets (SDS) • 16-section format that is essentially the same as ANSI Z400.1 and Z129.1 – 2010 • 1994 standard requires similar information, but allowed any format • Uniformity will improve effectiveness of SDS • Sections 12-15 will not be enforced by OSHA/PESH (other agency jurisdiction)

  46. NYS PESH Training and Education

  47. Hazard Communication Training • Must be provided upon initial assignment and when new chemical hazard is introduced NYS PESH Training and Education