HAZARD COMMUNICATION For Non-Employees Who Routinely Work With Chemicals
HAZARD COMMUNICATION The Hazard Communication Standard (HazCom) was adopted by DOSH (aka Cal-OSHA) to provide individuals with information about the chemical hazards on the job, and how to protect themselves against those hazards.
Question #1 The Hazard Communication Standard was adopted, and is enforced by, what regulatory agency? A. MSHA – Mine Safety and Health Administration B. DOSH – Department of Occupational Health and Safety C. EPA – Environmental Protection Agency D. SJVAPCD – San Joaquin Valley Air Pollution Control District
Hazard Communication Chemicals are hazardous if they: • Cause acute health problems • Such as corrosives that can burn eyes or skin • Cause chronic health problems • Such as toxic chemicals that can cause long-term illnesses, such as cancer
Hazard Communication Chemicals are hazardous if they: • Suddenly release pressure • These explosive chemicals includes gases that could expand violently • Are flammable/combustible • Chemicals that catch fire easily
Hazard Communication Chemicals are hazardous if they: • Are reactive • These chemicals are not stable, and thus can burn, explode, or release dangerous vapors if exposed to heat, air, water, or certain other chemicals.
Hazard Communication The HazCom Standard detailsthree-pronged compliance: 1) Chemical manufacturers are required to: • determine the physical and health hazards of each product they make. • provide detailed container labels and supply Safety Data Sheets* (SDS) *previously known as material safety data sheets
Hazard Communication 2) Employers are required to: • Make SDS’s available to employees • Provide employees with training about the Hazard Communication Standard • Explain how it’s being put into effect in their workplace, including: • How to recognize, understand and use labels and SDSs • Using safe procedures when working with hazardous substances
Hazard Communication 3) Individuals working with chemicals are required to: • Read labels and SDS’s • Follow label and SDS instructions and warnings. • Know about the hazards of the chemical BEFORE using them.
Question #2 Employees Employers Manufacturers are required to make SDS’s available to employees are required to read all SDS’s prior to using chemicals provide detailed container labels and supply Safety Data Sheets (SDS) Identify the entity who is responsible for each of the following activities:
Hazard Communication Manufacturer Labels A label will contain the following basic information: • Product Identifier • Manufacturer contact info • Signal Words* • Hazard Statements* • Precautionary Statements* • Pictograms* *Further defined in the next 4 slides
Hazard Communication Signal Words Labels and SDS’s are now required to have signal words when applicable. There are only one of two options when a signal word is required: • Danger – is used for the more severe hazards, or • Warning – is used for the less severe hazards
Hazard Communication Hazard Statements These statements detail the hazards associated with the chemical. Examples: • Causes skin irritation. • Harmful if swallowed. • Heating may cause fire.
Hazard Communication Precautionary Statements These statements detail the precautions that should be taken when using, storing, or transporting the chemical. Examples: • Do not spray on open flame or other ignition source. • Keep cool. Protect from sunlight. • Wash hands thoroughly after handling.
Hazard Communication Pictograms Labels and SDS’s are now required to have pictograms, when specific hazards are present. These visual cues are intended to aid with hazard recognition and compliment the hazard statements.
Hazard Communication Additional requirement • If materials are transferred to a secondary container, this container mustbe labeled if either: • Container will leave the control of the initial user, or • Container will be stored Note: The use of old beverage containers must be avoided.
Question #3 Is the following true or false? If a chemical is transferred into a secondary container just for storage, then it does not need a label.
Hazard Communication Below are two examples of secondary container labels. Minimum information required on labels: • Product Identifier (for example “Windex”) • Signal Word (If on manufacturers label) • All Hazard Statements For clarification when labels are specifically not required contact EHS.
Hazard Communication Manufacturer Label Example: Secondary Label Example: All of the information that needs to be placed on the secondary label can be found on the compliant manufacturer label.
Hazard Communication Safety Data Sheets (SDSs) • Safety Data Sheets contain comprehensive detailed information about a chemical product • They should be referred to when additional information beyond what is carried on the label is needed
Hazard Communication Safety Data Sheets (SDSs) Information contained on SDS’s is organized into the following sixteen sections: • Identification • Includes product identifier; manufacturer or distributer name, address, phone number; emergency phone number; recommended use; restrictions on use • Hazard(s) Identification • Includes all hazards regarding the chemical; required label elements
Hazard Communication Safety Data Sheets (SDSs) • Composition/Information on Ingredients • Includes information on chemical ingredients; trade secret claims • First-Aid Measures • Includes important symptoms/effects, acute, delayed; required treatment • Fire-Fighting Measures • Lists suitable extinguishing techniques, equipment; chemical hazards from fire
Hazard Communication Safety Data Sheets (SDSs) • Accidental Release Measures • Lists emergency procedures; protective equipment; proper methods of containment and cleanup • Handling and Storage • Lists precautions for safe handling and storage, including incompatables • Exposure Controls/Personal Protection • Lists OSHA’s Permissible Exposure Limits (PEL’s); Threshold Limit Values (TLV’s); appropriate engineering controls; personal protective equipment (PPE)
Hazard Communication Safety Data Sheets (SDSs) • Physical and Chemical Properties • Lists the chemical’s characteristics • Stability and Reactivity • Lists chemical stability and possibility of hazardous reactions • Toxicological Information • Includes routes of exposure; related symptoms, acute and chronic effects; numerical measures of toxicity
Hazard Communication Safety Data Sheets (SDSs) • Ecological Information (non-mandatory) • Disposal Considerations (non-mandatory) • Transport Information (non-mandatory) • Regulatory Information (non-mandatory) • Other Information • Includes the date of preparation or last revision
Question #4 Choose all of the following that are correct: A. SDS provides information about personal protective equipment that should be used according to the manufacturer B. SDS must be read prior to using a hazardous material by the employee using the chemical C. SDS provides information on how to get the best results out of the product being used D. SDS are on the bottle of the chemical
Hazard Communication How do I find SDS’s? • A printed paper file of SDS’s of commonly used chemicals should be maintained in a close-by always accessible location • Go to the EH&S web site: http://www.fresnostate.edu/ehsrms/ • Click on the “MSDSonline” button and log on with your Fresno State email ID and password • “Google” your chemical/product or distributor • Call EH&S for assistance.
Hazard Communication Next steps… • SDS’s must be available to individuals working with chemicals. • Ensure that you as an individual working with chemicals receive appropriate training.
Please either print out a copy of this slide or request a hard copy from your Department Safety Coordinator or Supervisor. Please sign/date in the spaces provided, and then forward it to your Department Safety Coordinator or Supervisor. Training Completion Acknowledgement form I have read the slides presented in the Hazard Communication for Non-Employees Who Routinely Work With Chemicals PowerPoint presentation and have reviewed any associated department-specific information. Name (Print)_________________________________________________ Signature ___________________________________________________ Department _________________________________________________ Date _____________________________