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Hazard Communication

Hazard Communication

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Hazard Communication

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  1. Hazard Communication GENERAL 1

  2. Introduction The purpose of this training is to familiarize you with the Occupational Health and Safety Administration’s Hazard Communication standard 29 CFR 1910.1200 2

  3. Overview • What is Hazard Communication? • What are the program requirements? • Training requirements • Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) • Labeling • What are the hazards? • Health & Physical • Routes of exposure/entry • Protective measures • Inventory requirements • What now? 3

  4. What is Hazard Communication? • OSHA Hazard Communication Standard 29 CFR 1910.1200 – “Right to Know” went into effect in November 1985 • The purpose of Hazcom is to communicate hazards associated with the workplace to employees • You, as an employee, have a Right to Know about the hazards in your work area and the potential effects of these hazards upon your health and safety 4

  5. Key Elements of the Hazard Communication Standard The OSHA Hazard Communication Standard is composed of five key elements. These five key elements are: • Written Program - A written program must be developed which ties all of the below elements together • Material Safety Data Sheets - A detailed description of each hazardous material listed in the Materials Inventory • Labeling- Containers of hazardous materials must have labels which identify the material and warn of its potential hazard to employees • Training - All employees must be trained to identify and work safely with hazardous materials • Materials Inventory and Hazard Assessment - A list of the hazardous materials and other physical hazards present in your work area 6

  6. Hazard Communication Program Written program must include: • Employee training information • Information regarding non-routine hazards • Methods of informing employers of other workers (contractors) 7

  7. Hazard Communication Program Marquette’s written Hazard Communication Program is accessible at: • • Office of Environmental Health & Safety Zilber Hall, Suite 212 8

  8. The First Step • Hazardous materials (chemical products) and physical hazards (radiation, lasers, vibration, etc.) are everywhere. It has been estimated that over a half million chemical products are used by business and industry every year. Some of these hazards pose little danger to you, while others are deadly • Modern manufacturing would not be possible without chemicals and processes. However, like machinery or electrical equipment, you must know how to use chemicals safely • The first step in using chemicals and processes safely is to recognize those materials and processes that may be hazardous to your health or physical safety 10

  9. What is a “hazardous chemical”? • A hazardous chemical is any chemical that can do harm to your body. • Most industrial chemicals can harm you at some level. • It depends how much gets into your body.

  10. Chemicals Are Everywhere Examples: • Cleaning solvents • Lubricants • Fuels • Pressurized containers

  11. Training Requirements 11

  12. Training • Employee training is an integral part of the hazard communication program • Hazard Communication – General overview training • This PowerPoint presentation serves as a general overview training of the MU Hazard Communication program • Hazard Communication – Site specific training • In addition to the general overview training you will receive site specific training from your supervisor. This training will include specific hazards in your work area, and methods to reduce hazards (engineering controls, administrative controls, product substitution, and personal protective equipment) 12

  13. Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) 13

  14. MSDS • Reference that identifies chemical characteristics and hazards • Must have one for each hazardous chemical used in the work area • MSDS can be accessed through MU’s chemical inventory system CisPro • Must be accessible to all employees whenever they are in their work area 14

  15. Material Safety Data Sheets

  16. Material Safety Data Sheet

  17. MSDS Information The MSDS contains information specific to the chemical it references. Information includes: • Section 1: Identification of chemical • Section 2: Hazardous Ingredients • Section 3: Physical Data • Section 4: Fire & Explosion Data • Section 5: Health Hazards • Section 6: Reactivity • Section 7: Personal Protective Equipment • Section 8: Spills & Leak Procedures • Section 9: Handling & Storage Note: The section identification (1-9) will always be the same, the only difference will be the information contained within each section will be specific for the chemical the MSDS is referencing 16

  18. MSDSs – what information do they have? Names of hazardous chemicals in a product, Physical and chemical properties of the product, Physical hazards of working with the product, Health hazards of working with the product (including signs and symptoms of overexposures), Acetone Flammable & highly volatile Burns Headaches, eye irritation

  19. Material safety data sheets (continued) • The main way the chemical enters the body, • The legal limit allowed in the air • If the chemical is a carcinogen • Precautions for safe use of the hazardous chemical, Inhalation 750 ppm No Use with adequate ventilation, keep away from open flame

  20. Material safety data sheets (continued) • Exposure control methods, including personal protective equipment, • Emergency and first aid procedures, • The date the MSDS was prepared or revised, • Name, address and phone number of the person responsible for the information in the MSDS. Wear respirator, rubber gloves Eyes: flush with water for 15 minutes 1996 John Doe 1234 Maple St. Anywhere, USA

  21. How to find MSDS • Go online access the MSDS for chemicals in your work area • Take time to read the MSDS which describe the hazardous materials present in your work area • Remember, knowing where MSDS are located and how to use them is your responsibility; it is part of your job 19

  22. Labeling 20

  23. What must be labeled? • The OSHA Hazard Communication Standard requires that ALL hazardous materials be labeled. Exception: • Hazardous chemicals in portable containers which are for the immediate use of the employee who performs the transfer is the exception to this rule 21

  24. Basic Label Information OSHA requires that the following information be included on ALL labels: • Identity of Hazardous Chemical(s) 2. Appropriate hazard warnings, or alternatively, words, pictures, symbols, or combination thereof, which provide at least general information regarding the hazards of the chemicals, and which, in conjunction with the other information immediately available to employees under the Hazcom program, will provide employees with the specific information regarding the health and physical hazards of the hazardous chemical 3. Name and address of the chemical manufacture, importer, or other responsible party 22

  25. What is on the product label? • The manufacturer, • The name of the product, • a hazard warning,

  26. Labels • Labels warn of potential dangers • Labels are not intended to be the sole source of information • Labels serve as an immediate warning 23

  27. Container Labels • Check labels prior to use for: • Identity of chemical • Name and address of manufacturer • Appropriate hazard warnings • All containers must be labeled • Regard unlabeled containers as dangerous • Do not remove labels

  28. Key Words • As you read labels, you will see key words which signal you that you should take extra care when handling a particular hazardous material. These key words include: • CAUTIONMODERATE RISK WARNING • DANGER SERIOUS RISK MAJOR RISK For example, the key word "DANGER" means: • Immediate harm, long term effects, or death may occur • Chemicals may be toxic, corrosive, or flammable • Protective equipment and/or clothing may be required 26

  29. Labeling Requirements • Ensure labels do not come off, become smudged or unreadable • For hard-to-label containers, use: • signs or placards • process sheets 24

  30. MU’s Approved Labeling System MU USES A LABELING COMBINATION OF: • Primary Labeling • Maintaining labels provided by the manufactures; suppliers • Hazardous Material Information System (HMIS) • National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) • Department of Transportation (DOT) • Global Mark labeling system, Wehr Life Sciences 27

  31. Labeling and Marking SystemsNFPA Diamonds • Color coded, numerical rating system • Will be located near main entrances, fire alarm panels, or on outside entrance doors • Provide at-a-glance hazard information

  32. Labeling and Marking SystemsNFPA Diamonds • Blue = Health • Red = Flammability • Yellow = Instability • White = Special hazard information

  33. Labeling and Marking SystemsNFPA Diamonds • 4= Deadly Hazard • 3= Severe Hazard • 2= Moderate Hazard • 1= Slight Hazard • 0= No Hazard

  34. NFPA: Specific Hazards

  35. Labeling and Marking Systems You should never have any unattended, unlabeled containers in your workplace!

  36. Health Hazards 28

  37. Health Hazards Health hazards include– • Sensitizers • Toxic Substances • Corrosives • Irritants • Carcinogens 29

  38. Health Effects you may face Acute • Short-term effects • Symptoms appear just after exposure • High concentration • Corrosives, irritants • Rashes, burns, respiratory irritation, poisoning Chronic • Long-term effects • Symptoms appear long after exposure • Low concentration • Neurotoxins, carcinogens • Cancer, lung or liver damage, allergies 25

  39. Ask your supervisor about health hazards for the chemicals in your work area Health hazard information is also found on the MSDS for each chemical (Section 5) You should know where to find the MSDS file in the areas you work Health Hazards Health hazards cause health effects upon exposure 32

  40. Health Hazards • Routes of exposure: • Absorption – skin & eyes • Ingestion – direct & indirect • Inhalation • Injection 33

  41. Physical Hazards 34

  42. Physical Hazards • Physical hazards are those hazards which threaten your physical safety 35

  43. Combustible liquid Compressed gas Explosive Flammable Organic peroxide Oxidizer Unstable (reactive) Physical hazards include any chemical that is a: 36

  44. Protective Measures 38

  45. Protective Measures • Engineering controls • Well designed work areas minimize exposure to materials which are hazardous. Examples of engineering controls would include exhaust systems and wetting systems to control dust • Work practices • Safe work practices will insure that chemicals are used correctly and safely • Product Substitution • Because many chemicals do similar jobs, it is important to select chemicals that do a good job, while being less toxic • Personal protective equipment • Respirators, eye protection, gloves, aprons, and other protective equipment and clothing are designed to protect you while you work - USE THEM! 39

  46. General Work Practices • Use hazardous chemicals only as directed • Prior to using hazardous chemicals • Inspect equipment for damage prior to use • Ensure adequate ventilation • When using • Don’t smoke, eat, drink or apply cosmetics • Never smell, inhale or taste • Keep off of hands, face, clothing and shoes • After use • Wash hands and face thoroughly with soap and water

  47. Personal Protective Equipment Requirements found onlabels or MSDS • Goggles, face shields, glasses • Gloves • Respirators & dust masks • Head protection • Foot protection • Aprons or full body suits

  48. Chemical Inventory 40

  49. Chemical Inventory • Working with Facilities Services the Department of Environmental Health & Safety has prepare a current inventory list of all known chemicals present in your workplace • Specific information on each noted hazardous substance can be obtained by reviewing the MSDS 41

  50. You can protect yourself from hazardous chemicals by: • Knowing what is in the product your work with, • Using the smallest amount of a chemical to do the job, • Maintaining machinery and equipment to prevent leaks or releases,