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Hazard Communication

Hazard Communication

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Hazard Communication

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  1. Hazard Communication Alexander Archie Compliance Enforcement Supervisor Office of the Inspector General Northern Region 5500 Snyder Avenue Office: (775) 887-3255 Cell: (775) 722-8703

  2. Hazard Communication Keith Jaquillard Compliance Enforcement Officer Office of the Inspector General Southern Region 3955 West Russell Road Office: (702) 486-9932 Cell: (702) 308-0902

  3. Hazard Communication 29 CFR 1910.1200NDOC Administrative Regulation 443 Chemical Safety on the Job

  4. We use many chemicals… • We want you to know how to use them safely • You will learn about… • The Hazard Communication Standard • NDOC Written Program • Labeling • Material Safety Data Sheets • Spill Response • Who to ask for more information

  5. Close Encounters with Chemicals • We encounter chemicals almost every day • Filling your vehicle with gas • Cleaning the bathroom • Applying pesticides or insecticides • Using solvents or acids at work • Many chemicals can cause injury or illness if not handled properly

  6. Right to Know • OSHA created the Hazard Communication Standard to help ensure safety when working with hazardous chemicals • You have a RIGHT TO KNOW about the hazardous chemicals you use on the job and how to work safely with those chemicals

  7. Hazard Communication Standard Chemical Manufacturers Must: • Determine a chemical’s hazards • Provide labels and MSDSs Employers must: • Provide a hazard communication program • Maintain MSDSs • Train on hazardous materials

  8. Hazard Communication Standard (cont) Employees must: • Read labels and MSDSs • Follow employer instructions and warnings • Identify hazards before starting a job • Participate in training

  9. Chemical Hazards Physical Hazards (external): • Flammable • Explosive • Reactive Health Hazards (internal): • Acute • Chronic

  10. Chemical Exposure • Dosage • Acute effects - immediate health effect (irritation, tissue damage, dizziness, nausea, rashes, or respiratory irritation) • Chronic effects – exposure over a long period of time (months, years)

  11. Routes of Entry • Absorption • Inhalation • Ingestion (swallowing) • Injection

  12. Personal Protective Equipment • Dust mask and respirators • Glasses, goggles, and face shields • Hearing protection • Gloves • Foot protection • Head protection • Aprons or full-body suits

  13. Hazardous Materials First Aid • Eyes: Flush with water for 30 minutes • Skin: Wash with soap and water • Inhalation: Move to fresh air • Ingestion: Get emergency medical assistance • Injection: Get emergency medical assistance / call coroner

  14. Spills and Leaks • Evacuate the area • Notify a supervisor or emergency response team • Remove ignition sources (if safe to do so) • Stay away

  15. Importance of Labels • The identity of the chemical • Name, address, and emergency phone number of manufacturer • Physical (Flammable) and health hazards • Special handling instructions • Basic PPE recommendations • First aid, fire response, spill cleanup

  16. Health Hazard Fire Hazard 4 Deadly Flash Points 3 Extreme Danger 4 Below 73 F 2 Hazardous 3 Below 100F 1 Slightly Hazardous 2 Above 100 F not 0 Normal Material exceeding 200 F 1 Above 200 F 0 Will not Burn Specific Hazard Reactivity ACID = acid 4 May detonate ALK = Alkali 3 Shock & heat may COR = Corrosive Detonate W = use no water 2 Violent Chemical Change 1 Unstable, if heated NFPA Labeling System 3 2 0 NFPA 704 System

  17. 2 HEALTH FLAMABILITY 3 0 Reactivity B Personal Protection HMIS Labeling System Ethyl Alcohol

  18. Other Label Warnings • The identity of the chemical • Name, address, and emergency phone number of manufacturer • Physical (Flammable) and health hazards • Special handling instructions • Basic PPE recommendations • First aid, fire response, spill cleanup

  19. Hazard Communication Summary • Read and become familiar with AR 443 • Identify chemical hazards by reading labels and MSDSs • Follow warnings and instructions, or ask your supervisor if in doubt • Practice sensible, safe work habits • Learn emergency procedures

  20. Sample MSDS Click on MSDS to review

  21. MSDS Water Identify how many times the MSDS indicates water is not hazardous Click on MSDS to review

  22. Water Intoxication Click on document to view

  23. Hazard Communication SummaryTest • Chemical manufacturers must label containers and provide? MSDS • Employers should keep material safety data sheets in a locked file cabinet? False • Dizziness, nausea, rashes, and respiratory irritation are signs of ________ exposure. Chemical • List three routes by which a chemical can enter the body. Inhalation, Ingestion, Absorption • Household chemicals are never as hazardous as chemicals used at work. False

  24. Hazard Communication SummaryTest • On NFPA labels, a 4 in the red diamond indicates an extreme health hazard. False • Typical first aid for chemicals splashed in the eyes includes? At least 30 minutes of flushing the eyes with clear water. • You will only know the health hazards and PPE requirements if you? Read the MSDS • A _________ can be used to protect against breathing hazardous vapors or gases. Face Mask • If you see a chemical spill, you should clean it immediately. False

  25. Hazard CommunicationExample QuestionsRules 1. Each question has associated points, 20 questions total. 2. One minute to provide correct answer. Correct answer results in points awarded. Wrong answer, other group will be allowed chance to provide correct answer. 3. First spokesperson to get presenters attention and approval from spokesperson may relay answer. 4. Only spokesperson can relay answer to presenter. Anyone other than spokesperson providing answer will result in loss of points associated with question.

  26. Hazard CommunicationExample QuestionsRules 5. Group with most points at end wins PRIZE. 6. Tie, presenter will provide final question of choice.

  27. Hazard CommunicationExample Questions 1. One of the ingredients of Ethyl Alcohol is Kerosene. What is Kerosene’s CAS number Section 2, CAS Number - 8008-20-6

  28. Hazard CommunicationQuestions 1. What is the flashpoint for Ethyl Alcohol in degrees Fahrenheit? (3 points) Section 5, Flash Point (55 0F) 2. On the MSDS for Ethyl Alcohol, name one other ingredient listed as a component? (2 points) Section 2, Methyl Isobutyl Ketone or Kerosene 3. What is the NFPA health rating for Ethyl Alcohol? (4 points) Section 16, Health 2 4. What is the effective date of the MSDS for Ethyl Alcohol? (1 point) Top of MSDS, Effective Date 07/06/06 5. What first aid measures are to be taken if Ethyl Alcohol is inhaled? (1 point) Section 4, Inhalation

  29. Hazard CommunicationQuestions 6. What is the NFPA flammability rating for Ethyl Alcohol? (1 point) Section 16, Flammability: 3 7. When shipping Ethyl Alcohol a UN/NA assigned number must be used on the paperwork, what is the UN/NA assigned number? (3 points) Section 14, UN1993 8. Is Ethyl Alcohol stable under ordinary conditions of use and storage? (1 point) Section 10, Stable under ordinary conditions of use and storage. 9 Accidental Release Measures for Ethyl Alcohol is called out in what section of the MSDS? (1 point) Section 6 10. Chronic ethanol exposure may affect the? (5 points) Section 3, central nervous system, liver, blood and reproductive system.

  30. Hazard CommunicationQuestions 11. Name one of the four routes of entry Ethyl Alcohol could enter the human body? (1 point) Inhalation, Ingestion, injection, absorption (skin contact) 12. What is the name and address of the company that provided the MSDS for Ethyl Alcohol? (2 points) Top of MSDS, Mallinckrodt Baker, Inc. 222 Red School Lane Phillipsburg, NJ 08865 13. Handling and Storage for Ethyl Alcohol is called out in what specific section of the MSDS? (2 points) Section 7 14. Ethyl Alcohol has an autoignition temperature and will self ignite at what temperature in degrees Fahrenheit? (4 points) Section 5, (685 0F)

  31. Hazard CommunicationQuestions 15. What is the 24 hour emergency number for CHEMTREC as listed on the MSDS for Ethyl Alcohol? (3 points) Top of MSDS, 1-800-424-9300 16. The MSDS lists condition to avoid, what are they? (4 points) Section 10, Heat, flames, ignition sources and incompatibles. 17. The Nevada Department of Corrections Hazard Communication written program is found in Administrative Regulation number? (3 points) 443 18. Chemical Manufacturers must label containers and provide a? (1 point) MSDS 19. An employer should keep all MSDS’s in a locked cabinet to keep them secure, true or false? (1 point) False 20. On the MSDS for ethyl alcohol what does PEL and TLV stand for? (3 points) section 8, Permissible Exposure Limit and Threshold Limit Value