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Hazard Communication

Hazard Communication

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Hazard Communication

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  1. Hazard Communication

  2. Hazard Communication • Introduction • Hazard Communication (HazCom) Training • Required by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) • All Oakland Community College employees who might use, or conceivably be exposed to, hazardous chemicals in their work area will receive HazCom training as part of their New Employee Orientation (NEO).

  3. Hazard Communication • Introduction (cont’d.) • Training will be updated and repeated as necessary whenever new physical or health hazards are introduced into the employee’s work area.

  4. Hazard Communication • Introduction (cont’d.) • HazCom training includes: • Hazardous Chemical Identification • Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) • Labels and Other Warnings • Release Detection • Spill Response • Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) • Written Hazard Communication Program • Your Rights

  5. Hazard Communication • Hazardous Chemicals • May cause adverse health effects upon exposure • Acute health effects • Short exposure causes almost immediate harm • Poisons, corrosive agents • Chronic health effects • Effects of exposure may take days, weeks, months, or years to become evident

  6. Hazard Communication • Hazardous Chemicals (cont’d.) • Carcinogen • May cause cancer • Corrosive • Causes destruction of living tissue • Irritant • Causes reversible inflammation of living tissue • Toxic • May cause severe illness or death upon exposure

  7. Hazard Communication • Hazardous Chemicals (cont’d.) • Sensitizer • May cause allergic response after repeated exposures • Target Organ Effects • Hepatotoxins – Cause liver damage • Nephrotoxins – Cause kidney damage • Neurotoxins – Cause nerve damage • Blood toxins – Interfere with oxygen absorption or blood cell formation • Pulmonary toxins – Cause lung damage

  8. Hazard Communication • Hazardous Chemicals (cont’d.) • Target Organ Effects (cont’d.) • Reproductive Toxins – Affect reproductive organs, cause mutations, or cause birth defects • Cutaneous Hazards – Affect the skin • Eye Hazards – Affect the eyes

  9. Hazard Communication • Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) • MSDS must be prepared for any hazardous chemical produced, supplied, or imported in the United States • Manufacturer, supplier, and/or importer responsible for evaluating product hazards and preparing MSDS • MSDS must be provided prior to or with first shipment of hazardous chemical product

  10. Hazard Communication • Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) (cont’d.) • MSDS format not standard • Content of the MSDS must include: • Manufacturer Name, Address, and Phone Number • Product Identity (as seen on label)

  11. Hazard Communication • Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) (cont’d.) • Hazardous Ingredients • All hazardous ingredients present in concentrations equal to or greater than 1% for non-carcinogens • All carcinogens present in concentrations equal to or greater than 0.1% • Physical and Chemical Properties • For example: pH, specific gravity, density, boiling point, vapor pressure, vapor density, etc.

  12. Hazard Communication • Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) (cont’d.) • Physical and Health Hazards • For example: Flash Point, lower and upper explosive limits, description of health effects for possible routes of exposure, etc. • Primary Routes of Exposure • For example: Skin contact, skin absorption, ingestion, eye contact, inhalation, etc.

  13. Hazard Communication • Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) (cont’d.) • Exposure Limits • Airborne concentrations of each ingredient below which are considered safe • Permissible Exposure Limits (PEL) – Set by OSHA • Threshold Limit Values (TLV) – Set by the American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH) • Relative Exposure Limits (REL) – Set by the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH)

  14. Hazard Communication • Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) (cont’d.) • Exposure Limits (cont’d.) • PEL and TLV – 8-hour Time Weighted Average (TWA) • REL – 10-hour TWA • Some exposure limits based upon shorter time period • Short Term Exposure Limit (STEL) – 15-minute TWA • Ceiling Limit (C) – Maximum at any time

  15. Hazard Communication • Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) (cont’d.) • Exposure Limits (cont’d) • Based on average worker exposed to the specific chemical for 8-hours per day, 5-days per week, without suffering ill effects • Carcinogenicity • Is the chemical considered a carcinogen by any of the following organizations • National Toxicology Program (NTP) • International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) • OSHA

  16. Hazard Communication • Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) (cont’d.) • Handling Precautions • How to safely handle and store the chemical • Control Measures • How best to prevent employee exposures • First-Aid Procedures • How to treat exposures to the chemical • Date MSDS was prepared

  17. Hazard Communication • Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) (cont’d.) • Copies of the MSDS for the chemicals used by an employee must be available during the workshift • Employees have right to request the MSDS any time during their workshift • Each college department will maintain MSDS files for chemical products used

  18. Hazard Communication • Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) (cont’d.) • If the MSDS is missing: • Notify supervisor • Supervisor will contact supplier for copy • Supervisor will contact the Manager of Environmental Health and Safety if the supplier does not provide MSDS • Manager of Environmental Health and Safety will notify OSHA

  19. Hazard Communication • Labels and Other Warnings • All hazardous chemical containers must be labeled • Hazardous chemical container labels must include: • Manufacturer name, address, and phone number • Product name (must be the same as on MSDS) • Brief description of hazards

  20. Hazard Communication • Labels and Other Warnings (cont’d.) • All primary and secondary containers of hazardous chemicals must be labeled • Department of Transportation (DOT) hazard labels may also provide hazard information

  21. Muriatic Acid Warning! Corrosive! Causes severe burns. Do not get on skin or in eyes. Do not ingest. Do not inhale vapors. See MSDS for Safe Handling and First-Aid Information Oakland Chemical Company Manufactured by: The Oakland Chemical Company, 321 Academic Way, Pontiac, MI 48342 800.910.3847 www.occ.com

  22. Hazard Communication • Release Detection • Hazardous chemical releases can be detected in many ways, depending upon its physical form • Liquids – visible puddles or stains • Solids – visible piles or dust • Gases – visible clouds or the sound of escaping gas • Use the physical data from MSDS to help identify chemicals

  23. Hazard Communication • Spill Response • Spills, leaks, or other releases can occur any time from: • Damaged or degraded containers • Drips and splashes while transferring to another container • Improperly sealed containers • Quick response to a spill or release can minimize or prevent injuries, property damage, and environmental contamination

  24. Hazard Communication • Spill Response (cont’d.) • Review the product MSDS before a spill or release occurs • Spill response procedures may vary depending upon the nature of the chemical(s) involved • See the OCC Written Hazard Communication Program for specific spill response procedures

  25. Hazard Communication • Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) • PPE is used to prevent direct contact with hazardous chemicals • PPE selection depends upon the nature of the hazardous chemical • Types of PPE include: • Chemical impervious gloves • Chemical splash goggles • Safety glasses

  26. Hazard Communication • Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) (cont’d.) • Types of PPE (cont’d.): • Chemical impervious boots • Chemical impervious aprons • Face shields • Respirators • Match PPE to hazard • Safety glasses are not designed for protection against chemical splashes, only physical impact

  27. Hazard Communication • Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) (cont’d.) • Match PPE to hazard • Safety glasses are not designed for protection against chemical splashes, only physical impact • Some chemicals, such as specific organic solvents, will degrade and penetrate certain protective gloves

  28. Hazard Communication • Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) (cont’d.) • Maintain PPE in good working order • Inspect before and after each use • Discard or repair damaged PPE • Clean after each use • Store PPE in an area where they will not be damaged or exposed to hazardous chemicals

  29. Hazard Communication • Written Hazard Communication Program • Contains additional information including: • OCC policies and procedures • Employee rights and responsibilities • Hazardous chemical lists • Contractor information • Available for review by employees anytime during their workshift

  30. Hazard Communication • Your Rights • Employees have the right to know about hazardous chemicals they may be exposed to • Employees can request copies of MSDS anytime during their workshift • Employees can request to see the OCC Written Hazard Communication Program anytime during their workshift • Employees can refuse to perform work that they consider unsafe, or work in areas that they feel are dangerous

  31. Hazard Communication • Review • Under OSHA’s Hazard Communication Standard, you have the right to know about hazardous chemicals that you might be exposed to during your workshift • The OCC Written Hazard Communication Program, Hazardous Chemical List, and MSDSs are available for review anytime during your workshift

  32. Hazard Communication • Review (cont’d.) • The OCC Written Hazard Communication Program contains details on OCC policies and procedures, employee rights and responsibilities, and hazardous chemical management, among other things • MSDSs contain technical, and health and safety information on chemical products in your work area

  33. Hazard Communication • Review (cont’d.) • All hazardous chemical containers must be properly labeled (even secondary containers), properly stored, and kept tightly sealed when not in use • Employees should become familiar with hazardous chemical MSDSs before they use the product

  34. Hazard Communication • Review (cont’d.) • Follow the appropriate OCC Spill Response Procedure for all chemical spills or releases • Always use the appropriate PPE to protect against chemical exposures • Know your rights and responsibilities when it comes to hazardous chemicals

  35. Hazard Communication • If you have questions regarding the safe handling and use of hazardous chemicals at Oakland Community College, contact: Manager of Environmental Health and Safety 248-232-4234

  36. Hazard Communication • If there is an emergency involving hazardous chemicals at Oakland Community College, including fires, spills, leaks, or accidental poisoning, contact: Public Safety 911