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HAZARD COMMUNICATION

HAZARD COMMUNICATION

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HAZARD COMMUNICATION

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  1. HAZARD COMMUNICATION Sunil Chithiri Safety Officer Environmental Health, Safety, and Risk Management Environmental Health, Safety, and Risk Management Stephen F. Austin State University

  2. Topics • HAZCOM Standard Overview • Hazardous Chemicals • Labeling Requirements • Material Safety Data Sheets • Site-Specific HAZCOM Program Environmental Health, Safety, and Risk Management Stephen F. Austin State University

  3. Hazard Communication Standard1910.1200(a) • Purpose of Standard • To prevent injuries and illness from hazardous chemicals in the workplace. Environmental Health, Safety, and Risk Management Stephen F. Austin State University

  4. Hazard Communication Standard • The four main components of the HAZCOM standard are: • Site-Specific Written Program • Material Safety Data Sheets • Labeling System • Employee Training Environmental Health, Safety, and Risk Management Stephen F. Austin State University

  5. Hazard Communication Standard • All employees, contractors and subcontractors have a “right-to-know” the following information: • Hazards of chemicals • Potential health effects that might results from routine, non-routine, or emergency duties • How the employee can protect him/herself Environmental Health, Safety, and Risk Management Stephen F. Austin State University

  6. Hazardous Chemicals • Hazardous chemicals means any chemical which is a physical hazard or a health hazard. • Physical hazard – exhibited by certain chemicals due to their physical properties. • Health hazard – ability of the chemical to affect your health. Environmental Health, Safety, and Risk Management Stephen F. Austin State University

  7. Hazardous Chemicals • Chemical Forms • Solid – becomes airborne as fumes or dust • Liquid – becomes airborne as mists or vapors • Gas- becomes airborne if not contained. Solid Liquid Gas Microscopic View Environmental Health, Safety, and Risk Management Stephen F. Austin State University

  8. Hazardous Chemicals • Physical Hazard – is any chemical that is a • Compressed gas, combustible liquid, explosive, flammable, oxidizer, polymer, pyrophoric, unstable and water-reactive chemical Environmental Health, Safety, and Risk Management Stephen F. Austin State University

  9. Hazardous Chemicals • Health Hazard • Carcinogen, corrosive, cryogenic, toxic, irritant, reproductive hazard (teratogen and mutagen) sensitizer and target organ chemical. Environmental Health, Safety, and Risk Management Stephen F. Austin State University

  10. Hazardous Chemicals • Examples of hazardous chemicals include: • Demulsifiers • Paraffin inhibitors • Corrosion inhibitors • Emulsion breakers • Water clarifier • Foaming Agents • Alcohols • Acids Environmental Health, Safety, and Risk Management Stephen F. Austin State University

  11. Hazardous Chemicals • Exposure and Effects • The degree of hazard depends on: • Exposure route, dosage, toxicity and individual differences Environmental Health, Safety, and Risk Management Stephen F. Austin State University

  12. Hazardous Chemicals • Adverse Health Effect • Acute • Short-term exposure - dizziness • Chronic • Long-term exposure - cancer Environmental Health, Safety, and Risk Management Stephen F. Austin State University

  13. Hazardous Chemicals • Exposure Controls • Engineering controls • Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) • Administrative controls Environmental Health, Safety, and Risk Management Stephen F. Austin State University

  14. Hazardous Chemicals • PPE Selection • Proper type • Proper fit • Proper use • Proper maintenance Environmental Health, Safety, and Risk Management Stephen F. Austin State University

  15. Hazardous Chemicals • Methods of Detecting the Presence or Release • Air monitoring • Continuing monitoring devices • Visual appearance • Odor • Alarm • The physical and health hazards of the hazardous chemical; including the likely symptoms from an over-exposure. Environmental Health, Safety, and Risk Management Stephen F. Austin State University

  16. Labeling Requirements • Definition • Printed information attached to container. • Usually placed by manufacturer. • Provides at least general information. Environmental Health, Safety, and Risk Management Stephen F. Austin State University

  17. Labeling Requirements • Location • May be glued, tagged, or attached sheet • Batch ticket • Process sheet Environmental Health, Safety, and Risk Management Stephen F. Austin State University

  18. Labeling Requirements • Label Information • Must identify substance in container • Warnings may be pictures/symbols • Must give identity about health/physical hazards • Must be changed within 3 months of learning of new hazards Environmental Health, Safety, and Risk Management Stephen F. Austin State University

  19. Labeling Requirements • Label Information • May contain other information like PPE requirements. • Must use same name as MSDS. Environmental Health, Safety, and Risk Management Stephen F. Austin State University

  20. Labeling Requirements • Know how to use the labeling system. • Know how to report damaged or missing labels. Environmental Health, Safety, and Risk Management Stephen F. Austin State University

  21. Labeling Requirements • Never remove or deface the labels • Never use a chemical from container with no label • Consult labels, MSDSs, and procedures before using any chemical Environmental Health, Safety, and Risk Management Stephen F. Austin State University

  22. Labeling Requirements • Type of Labels • Written, NFPA (diamond-shaped), HMIS, CHIT and DOT (diamond-shaped) Environmental Health, Safety, and Risk Management Stephen F. Austin State University

  23. Labeling Requirements • Type of Labels • Written – presents all of the chemical information in writing. Environmental Health, Safety, and Risk Management Stephen F. Austin State University

  24. Labeling Requirements • Type of Labels • NFPA • Red – flammability • Yellow – reactivity • Blue - health hazards • White - special hazards Environmental Health, Safety, and Risk Management Stephen F. Austin State University

  25. New Label Old Label Labeling Requirements • Type of Labels • HMIS Label • Color code, numeric code and alphabetic code Environmental Health, Safety, and Risk Management Stephen F. Austin State University

  26. Labeling Requirements • Type of Labels • CHIT Label (Chemical Hazard Identification and Training) • Uses symbols combined with brief written descriptions to convey hazard warnings. Environmental Health, Safety, and Risk Management Stephen F. Austin State University

  27. Labeling Requirements • Type of Labels • The Department of Transportation (DOT) label • Classifies hazardous materials by either their hazard class number or class name. The labels are diamond-shaped, color-coded, and contain a symbol and hazard class number. Environmental Health, Safety, and Risk Management Stephen F. Austin State University

  28. Material Safety Data Sheets • Prior to using a new chemical • Obtain the Material Safety Data Sheet. • Identify chemical hazards and safe handling practices. Environmental Health, Safety, and Risk Management Stephen F. Austin State University

  29. Material Safety Data Sheets • Cornerstone of every HAZCOM program. • Collected by employer for every hazardous chemical in facility. • Available for employees to check at any time. Environmental Health, Safety, and Risk Management Stephen F. Austin State University

  30. Material Safety Data Sheets • Added whenever a new chemical comes into the workplace. • Revised and reissued when new hazard found or new information is available. Environmental Health, Safety, and Risk Management Stephen F. Austin State University

  31. Material Safety Data Sheets • Convenient Location • Binders • Wall pockets • Shelves • Computer system • Ask about anything you don't understand. Environmental Health, Safety, and Risk Management Stephen F. Austin State University

  32. Material Safety Data Sheets • Common MSDS Information • Chemical name and any common names. Environmental Health, Safety, and Risk Management Stephen F. Austin State University

  33. Material Safety Data Sheets • Common MSDS Information • Date of preparation or revision. • Lists contact who can provide more information. • Physical Characteristics. Environmental Health, Safety, and Risk Management Stephen F. Austin State University

  34. Material Safety Data Sheets • Common MSDS Information • Physical Hazards • Health Hazards Environmental Health, Safety, and Risk Management Stephen F. Austin State University

  35. Material Safety Data Sheets • Common MSDS Information • Route of Entry Environmental Health, Safety, and Risk Management Stephen F. Austin State University

  36. Material Safety Data Sheets • Common MSDS Information • Exposure limits • Carcinogenic Status Environmental Health, Safety, and Risk Management Stephen F. Austin State University

  37. Material Safety Data Sheets • Common MSDS Information • Safe handling and use • Control Measures Environmental Health, Safety, and Risk Management Stephen F. Austin State University

  38. Material Safety Data Sheets • Common MSDS Information • Emergency and first aid procedures Environmental Health, Safety, and Risk Management Stephen F. Austin State University

  39. Site-Specific HAZCOM Program • Identification and Evaluation • A list of all hazardous chemicals used in the facility must be prepared and evaluated and must be maintained with the site-specific Hazard Communication Program Environmental Health, Safety, and Risk Management Stephen F. Austin State University

  40. Site-Specific HAZCOM Program • Identification and Evaluation • The quality of the hazard communication program depends on the adequacy and accuracy of the hazard assessment. • Potential chemical exposures must be documented on the PPE Hazard Assessment form. Environmental Health, Safety, and Risk Management Stephen F. Austin State University

  41. Site-Specific HAZCOM Program • Labeling • All hazardous chemicals received, in use, and in storage must be labeled • Chemicals must be labeled with the following information: • Name of contents, health hazards, physical hazards; and manufacturer’s name and phone number Environmental Health, Safety, and Risk Management Stephen F. Austin State University

  42. Site-Specific HAZCOM Program • Labeling Stationary containers such as large vessels or storage tanks shall be labeled as follows: • The name of the contents (example: Condensate, Methanol, Glycol), a NFPA diamond, HMIS III System, or equivalent that identifies hazards in a color and numerical grading system Environmental Health, Safety, and Risk Management Stephen F. Austin State University

  43. Site-Specific HAZCOM Program • Labeling Environmental Health, Safety, and Risk Management Stephen F. Austin State University

  44. Site-Specific HAZCOM Program • Material Safety Data Sheets • Adding new chemicals • MSDS must be requested when new chemical is brought in • Affected employees should review new MSDS • Chemical name should be added to Chemical Inventory • MSDS should be added to appropriate books. Environmental Health, Safety, and Risk Management Stephen F. Austin State University

  45. Site-Specific HAZCOM Program • Material Safety Data Sheets • MSDS archive • Verify chemical is no longer in use or present • Eliminate Chemical Name from Inventory List • Remove MSDS from active binder • Place in archive file for 30 years! Environmental Health, Safety, and Risk Management Stephen F. Austin State University

  46. Site-Specific HAZCOM Program • Employee Information and Training • All affected employees must be trained in hazardous chemicals in the workplace • Affected employees must be trained upon initial assignment, every year, and whenever new chemicals are introduced into their work area Environmental Health, Safety, and Risk Management Stephen F. Austin State University

  47. Site-Specific HAZCOM Program • Chemical Safety • Appropriate protective clothing and the appropriate PPE must be worn • Smoking, eating, drinking or storage of food is prohibited • Avoid hand-to-mouth, hand-to-face, or hand-to-eye contamination • Never taste a chemical Environmental Health, Safety, and Risk Management Stephen F. Austin State University

  48. Site-Specific HAZCOM Program • Chemical Safety • Wash hands after handling chemicals • Avoid direct contact with chemicals or samples • Prior to working with chemicals, understand the information provided on the MSDS • All chemicals as well as samples must be labeled clearly and concisely including any precautionary information needed • NEVER add water to acid Environmental Health, Safety, and Risk Management Stephen F. Austin State University

  49. Site-Specific HAZCOM Program • Chemical Safety • Refuse to use any substance in an unlabeled or improperly labeled container • Do not work with flammable chemicals near ignition or spark sources. Dispose of flammable waste properly • Never store incompatible chemicals next to each other • Review the MSDS for proper disposal guidelines Environmental Health, Safety, and Risk Management Stephen F. Austin State University

  50. Site-Specific HAZCOM Program • Employee Monitoring Request • If a employee has a concern about a chemical workplace exposure, the individual should notify his/her immediate supervisor Environmental Health, Safety, and Risk Management Stephen F. Austin State University