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Hazard Communication

Hazard Communication

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Hazard Communication

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  1. Hazard Communication Safety and Risk Services The University of New Mexico Presented by John Archuleta LSO

  2. Hazard Communication Why? • Reduce workplace injury and illness • Regulation promulgated by OSHA • Program must include: • Hazard determination methods • Chemical inventory • Chemical labeling procedures • Safety Data Sheets (SDS) • Employee training • Written HazCom program

  3. Hazardous Chemicals What are the hazards associated with chemicals? Physical Hazards Flammable/Combustible Organic-metals Explosives Corrosives Cryogenics Compressed Gases • Health Hazards • Carcinogens • Irritants • Mutagens • Teratogens • Sensitizers • Cryogenics • Highly Toxic • Target Organ Chemicals

  4. Routes of Entry or Exposure How do chemicals attack the body? Skin and or Eye Contact • Absorbed through skin or dissolve in eye fluids Inhalation • Absorbed by breathing vapors, fumes, dust Ingestion • Usually done accidentally • Clear chemicals confused with drinking water • Chemicals splashed in mouth Injection • Needles, pipette tips, cannulas

  5. Detecting Exposure How do we know if we are exposed? • Smell • Taste • Physical symptoms • Changes in behavior • Air sampling • If you are unsure how to detect: • Check Safety Data Sheet • Contact Safety & Risk Services

  6. Exposure Response How will we respond to chemical exposure? • Depends on many factors • Idenity of chemical • Concentration • Length of exposure • How exposed or route of exposure • Other: • Age/Gender/Weight • Level of fitness • Level of exertion • Specific allergies • Other chemicals in body (drugs, tobacco)

  7. Reducing Exposure How can we reduce employee exposure? • Identify hazard • Evaluate hazard • Eliminate hazard • Substitution • Process change • Control hazard • Personal Protective Equipment • Employee work practices • Minimization • Engineering controls • Ventilation • Isolation

  8. Chemical Labels What must be on a chemical label? • All chemical containers must have labels • Manufacturer label usually appropriate • Label must include but not limited to: • Name of chemical • Name and address of manufacturer • Hazards associated with chemical • Many types of labels are commercially available • May use “homemade” label (chemical identity & hazards) • Use of hazard ratings on labels • https://www.osha.gov/Publications/OSHA3636.pdf

  9. Example: Chemical Label

  10. The Safety Data Sheet • Contains information about chemical • Provided by manufacturer • SDS’s must include but not limited to: • Hazardous ingredients • Fire and explosion hazards • Reactivity data • Health hazards • Personal Protective Equipment • Emergency procedures • Must have current SDS for every chemical • Request the SDS when ordering new chemical • Must be available to employees at all times • https://www.osha.gov/Publications/OSHA3514.pdf

  11. Chemical Inventory What is a chemical inventory? • List of all chemicals in work area • Employees must be informed where inventory is located • Inventory must be made available upon request • Inventory includes but not limited to: • Name of chemical • Name of manufacturer • Location of chemical • Quantity • Physical state (gas, liquid, solid) • Inventory should be updated whenever a hazardous chemical is introduced to the area

  12. Training Tips: HazCom What do I teach employees? • Training should be specific to area • Often called “Area Specific” • Employees should know about: • What chemicals are in area • Where chemicals are located • Hazard determination methods • Location of inventory & SDS’s • How to read SDS • How to read labels • What personal protective equipment to use

  13. Responsibilities: HazCom What are my responsibilities for HazCom? • Documents are in order: • Hazard Communication (HazCom) program available • Current chemical inventory • All chemicals have SDS and are available at all times • Coordinate HazCom training for employees • Record training and maintain on file • Be sure all chemical containers have chemical labels

  14. The End • Questions? For more information please contact Safety and Risk Services The University of New Mexico 277-2753 Or http://srs.unm.edu/