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Domain Name Registration

Domain Name Registration. Presented By: Jessica Bradley David Cunningham John Morrison. Overview. How To Register Your Domain Domain Name Policies and Regulations Domain Name Servers. ICANN.org. I nternet C orporation for A ssigned N ames and N umbers

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Domain Name Registration

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  1. Domain Name Registration Presented By: Jessica Bradley David Cunningham John Morrison

  2. Overview • How To Register Your Domain • Domain Name Policies and Regulations • Domain Name Servers

  3. ICANN.org • Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers • Address Supporting Org. –IP Addresses • Domain Name Supporting Org. – Domain Name Registration • Protocol Supporting Org. – Parameters for Internet protocols

  4. Domain Name S.O. • 1993 - Network Solutions given the government contract to assign Domain Names • April 1999 - Shared Registry System begins with 5 testbed companies • Currently • 32 active members • 60 accredited, but not yet operational • 18 awaiting accreditation

  5. How to Register • Select an Accredited Registrar • Find a domain name to register • Fill in the requested information • Decide how long you want the name • $35/year (up to 10 years) for .com, .net or .org • or park the domain, $40/year (up to 10 years)

  6. Number of Registrants * According to Network Solutions.com

  7. Trademark Infringement • Your domain name may not contain a registered trademark • Trademark laws on the Internet follow the laws for normal use of trademarks • Problem: Companies are using all permutations of their trademark to take away domain names • EFF, DNRC, CPSR argue that it is unconstitutional

  8. VW vs. VW vs. VW • The Implicated Companies • Volkswagen - vw.com (Automaker) • Virtual Works – vw.net (Internet Firm) • Virtually Wired – vw.org (CPSR) • VW Trademark of Volkswagen • Permutations infringe on trademark

  9. Anti-Cybersquatting Act • Cybersquatting: registering a domain name knowing that someone else wants it • Threat of costing both innocent and illegal domain name holders up to $100,000 • UDRP (Uniform Dispute Resolution Policy) Network Solutions and ICANN • Any Domain Name found “infringing” on a registered trademark is forfeited to the holder of the name immediately • Domain names with invalid registration information may be forfeited

  10. Domain Name Registration Coalition • Founded 1996 • Opposes the Anti-Cybersquatting Act, ICANN • “Represents the interests and views of entrepreneurs, small businesses and individuals on the Internet” • Free speech on the internet, including your choice of domain names

  11. Electronic Frontier Foundation • Opposes Anti-Trademark bills passed by Government • Trademark bills unconstitutional and take away freedom of speech • Existing trademark bills allow companies in non-competing areas to use permutations of trademark. Internet trademark bills do not

  12. DNS - What is it? • Global network of servers • Translates host names into numerical addresses • villanova.edu --> • Ease of memorization is key reason • Failure of DNS results: • web sites cannot be located • e-mail delivery stalls

  13. DNS - History • Designed in 1984 by Paul Mockapetris • Originally maintained by Stanford Research Institute’s Network Information Center (SRI-NIC). • As new hosts names came along, added to table a few times a week • As the internet grew, table became huge

  14. DNS - Current • Distributed Database • Hierarchical • No single organization responsible for maintenance • Most DNS Server = Unix machine running BIND (Berkeley Internet Name Domain) software

  15. DNS - Current (cont.) • Two elements - name server and resolver • name server supplies name-to-address conversions • if unsuccessful, resolver passes to next name server • Cache Server vs. Authoritative Server • authoritative servers answer queries according to DNS protocols • cache server query authoritative servers and store result for certain period of time • can be combination of both based on zones

  16. DNS - How it Works • URL typed in by user • Browser sends request to closest name server • If name server has ever fielded request for that host name (within a certain time period set by administrators), locates information in cache and replies • Otherwise it passes it to an authoritative name server (much like routers) • If the servers are slow and computer times out, or host name does not exist, error message returned

  17. Links • ICANN: http://www.icann.org • Network Solutions: http://www.networksolutions.com • DNRC: http://www.domain-name.org • EFF: http://www.eff.org • CPSR: http://www.cpsr.org • United States Trademark and Patent Office: http://www.uspto.org

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