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“Public Administration Reform Experiences in Mongolia: NPM in Practice? “ PowerPoint Presentation
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“Public Administration Reform Experiences in Mongolia: NPM in Practice? “

“Public Administration Reform Experiences in Mongolia: NPM in Practice? “

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“Public Administration Reform Experiences in Mongolia: NPM in Practice? “

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  1. “Public Administration Reform Experiences in Mongolia: NPM in Practice? “ L. Tur-Od, Governance Specialist UNDP CO UNDP’s Global Practice Meeting on ‘Public Administration Reform’ Bratislava, Slovakia 19-22 April 2004

  2. UNDP’s Governance Setting in Mongolia • The Best: • On the right track towards democracy • The Good: • Relatively high level of political freedom, press freedom and participation • The Bad: • Less impressive performance in the rule of law, government effectiveness and accountability • The Ugly: • Poorly performed in combating corruption among public officials UNDP GHDR 2002

  3. UNDP‘s Support to PAR/Governance Reforms • 1993-1996 • Management Development Programme (MDP) • 1997-2000 • Governance & Economic Transition (GET) Programme • 2002-2006 • Democratic Governance (DG) Thematic Area

  4. ‘Management Development Programme: PA & CS Reform’ 1993-1997 • Policies, legislation & strategic documents: • ‘Policy Paper on Govt. reform processes’ • Civil Service Laws & Regulations • Business plans & new structures for ministries • Personnel Management Handbook • Implementation & Institution-building: • Civil Service Council & Sub-Councils estbd. • First entrance exams for civil service • National Audit Office estbd. • Ministries from 16 to 9 & appt. of State Secretaries • Govt. common service system estbd.

  5. (I) UNDP Support to MDP’s PA & CS Reform Component • UNDP: • “Management Development Policy & Programme Support” [MON/94/101- US$1,200,000] • “Public Administration & Civil Service Reform” [MON/94/102-US$500,000] • Others: • SIDA-”Civil Service Training & Consultancy” [US$800,000] • UK -”Job Classifications” [US$ 350,00] • NZ –”Government Restructuring” [US$350,00]

  6. (II) ‘Initial Phase of NPM/GRP-I’ 1997-2002 • Public Sector reform strategies • Comprehensive Program of Governance Reform (GRP) [1999-2009] • Public Sector Management & Finance Law (PSML) [Final draft 1998, adopted June 2002] • GRP-I Implementation • Formulation of Strategic Business Plans (SBPs) & Financial Statements • Preparation of output-based budget estimates • Formulation of adherence to Performance Contracts • Merit-based recruitment & promotion procedures • Specification of outputs of each agency, incl. description, quantity, quality & cost

  7. (II) ‘Donors/UNDP Support to Initial Phase’ • UNDP: • Capacity Building of Governing Institutions [MON/97/123-US500,000] • Decentralization & Local Governance Support • Support to Transparency & Accountability • ADB & Others: • ADB Loan [US$ 25 million] and TA [US$ 1,1 million] for GRP-I • SIDA/SIPU-Civil Service Training & Consultancy Phase II

  8. (III) “Second Phase of NPM/GRP-II’ 2003-present • PSML coverage & framework: • Clearly delineate Strategic priorities through SBPs; • Formulate, adopt & execute Budget based on accrual-accounting principles; • Adopt Output-based budgeting, management, & overall reporting and delegation to chief-executives; • Integrate recurrent & capital budgetary needs in medium-term framework, formulate proper appropriation estimates in each year; • Prepare annual & forecast financial statements on accrual basis; • Adopt transparent merit-based employment policies and performance-based career progression.

  9. (III) ‘Donors/UNDP Support to Second Phase’ • UNDP: • Good Governance for Human Security [MON/00/103-US500,000] • Parliament Strengthening for Democratic Governance [MON/01/102- US$ 700,000] • National Integrity System Enhancement [MON/03/101 – US$ 750,000] • ADB & Others: • ADB Loan [US$ 13,5 million] and TAs [US$ 2 million] for GRP-Phase II • SIDA/SIPU-Civil Service Training & Consultancy Phase II

  10. Preliminary Lessons Learned from PAR Experiences • Some lessons globally: • It took the UK and New Zealand many decades to reach the stage of the NPM • NPM approach can reinforce social exclusion, regardless of its rhetoric of… • Some lessons from Mongolia: • One who pays the piper calls the tune • Cultural, ethics & human aspects of NPM needs to be attended • Overall lesson: • It is better to do right things badly than wrong things well

  11. Implications for UNDP-Mongolia Country Office? UNDP’s PAR/Governance Portfolio: • Still in transition to find its niche among key donors, particularly with ADB & WB • Needs consolidation through projects on institution-building & policy frameworks • Seeking further collaboration with national & international partners on PAR