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Let’s Make a Corrupt Deal: Andrew Jackson & the elections of 1824 & 1828 PowerPoint Presentation
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Let’s Make a Corrupt Deal: Andrew Jackson & the elections of 1824 & 1828

Let’s Make a Corrupt Deal: Andrew Jackson & the elections of 1824 & 1828

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Let’s Make a Corrupt Deal: Andrew Jackson & the elections of 1824 & 1828

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  1. Let’s Make a Corrupt Deal:Andrew Jackson & the elections of 1824 & 1828 “The Judas of the West has closed the contract and will receive the thirty pieces of silver…Was there ever witnessed such a bare faced corruption in our country?” Andrew Jackson, letter to Rachel Jackson, 1824

  2. Askin’ All Them Questions • What was the Pinckney Treaty? • What did Washington warn about in his farewell address? • Why did the Panic of 1819 happen? • What was significant about the Tariff of 1816? • Who hated it? • What was Hamilton’s overarching economic ideolohy • What was the American system? • Who proposed it? • What was the Monroe Doctrine? • Who wanted us to go war in 1812? • Why? • Why did Napoleon sell us Louisiana? • Why was Jefferson conflicted? • What was the XYZ Affair?

  3. Primary Source Daily:Independent Chronicle, 1797 • A SK—who lies here beneath this monument? • L o!—’tis a self created MONSTER, who • Embraced all vice. His arrogance was like • Xerxes, who flogg’d the disobedient sea, • Adultery his smallest crime; when he • Nobility affected. This privilege • Decreed by Monarchs, was to that annext. • Enticing and entic’d to ev’ry fraud, • R enounced virtue, liberty and God. • Haunted by whores—he haunted them in turn • Aristocratic was this noble Goat • Monster of monsters, in pollution skill’d • Immers’d in mischief, brothels, funds & banks • Lewd slave to lust,—afforded consolation; • T o mourning whores, and tory-lamentation. • Outdid all fools, tainted with royal name; • N one but fools, their wickedness proclaim.

  4. What are We Talking About Today? • Describe the elements of the New Democracy of the 1820s. • List the terms of the so-called “Corrupt Bargain”

  5. The Corrupt Bargain • James Monroe retires after two terms • Why would he do that? • Election of 1824 • Candidates: • All 4 candidates say they are ___________ but ___________ is fuzzy • Why?

  6. The Corrupt Bargain • Results • _________________ got as many popular votes as everyone else combined • Why is he not president? • Where does the election go next? • _______________ • Was omitted, but was ________________ • Influential position

  7. The Corrupt Bargain • Clay and Jackson and Adams (oh my!) • _________ resents Jackson • Clay assures __________ of support • Due to _______________________, JQA wins • ___________ becomes Sec’y of State • Why?

  8. Primary Source Quote • “The Judas of the West has closed the contract and will receive his thirty pieces of silver…Was there ever witnessed such a bare faced corruption in any country?”

  9. The Corrupt Bargain • Reaction • Where you get the term corrupt bargain • Clay is called the “Judas of the West” • Reality • No evidence has been found to prove it • Clay was a good choice for Secretary of State • Not uncommon for political deals • 1st one?

  10. Bloody Bloody Andrew JacksonCorrupt Bargain: The Musical • http://youtu.be/APdTeDvo0nM

  11. T-P-S • Was this a “corrupt bargain” • Think • Individual reflection • Pair • Talk about it with a partner • Share • Talk about it as a class

  12. Who is John Quincy Adams? • Same characteristics as his father • Short, thick, bald • Went skinny dipping in the Potomac • Sarcastic • Irritable • Honest • Great knowledge of foreign affairs • After President • Became a member of HOR • Argued for African American and Indian rights • First father-son president • His father dies during his first term on the same day as Jefferson

  13. President Adams:The Sequel • Fewer than 1/3 of country voted for him • Deals of “corruption” plague him • Adams refused to replace efficient workers with his cronies • If a president doesn’t reward supporters, why should they help?

  14. Nationalism to Sectionalism • Country is leaving Era of Good Feelings for an opposite era that is based on sectional interests • Adams Policies • Construction of roads and canals • Opposition thought it was a ______ job • National university • Too expensive • Astronomical observatory • Wase of money • Curb speculation • Westerners don’t want none of that

  15. Disney American presidentsJohn Qunicy Adams • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6qnVpC4zXpM

  16. Askin’ All Them Questions • Who got the most popular votes in 1824? • Where was the Election of 1824 decided? • What was the Corrupt Bargain? • Why were Adams’ supporters not as likely to help in the future?

  17. Askin’ All Them Questions • Who got the most popular votes in 1824? • Where was the Election of 1824 decided? • What was the Corrupt Bargain? • Why were Adams’ supporters not as likely to help in the future?

  18. 1828: The Nastiest Election Ever • John Q. Adams v. Andrew Jackson • ___________________ • Jackson • Mother was a prostitute • Wife was an adultress • Recounted his duels • Hung mutinous militiamen • Adams • Purchased gambling furniture for White House • Pool table and chess set • Made a lot of money working for govt • Served as a pimp for the Russian tsar by supplying him with a servant girl

  19. Attack Ads John Quincy Adam “Satan comin/If John Adams not be comin Andrew Jackson “Federalist” https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZrnJ9exh14A • http://youtu.be/kNgMYI4F11E

  20. Who is Andrew Jackson • ____________________ • Tall, lean, dark hair • Rags to riches • Orphaned as a kid • Bouts with different diseases • Had two bullets in his body • White House open to ______________ • Firsts • President from _____________ • President nominated at a convention • Second without a college degree

  21. Robert ReminiThe Age of Jackson • Jackson himself enjoyed widespread support that ranged across all classes and sections of the country. He attracted farmers, mechanics, laborers, professionals and even businessmen. And all this without Jackson being clearly pro or anti labor, pro or anti business, pro or anti lower/middle class

  22. Jacksonian Democracy • The opening of the federal government to more people • Universal (white) manhood suffrage • What does that mean? • What are some possible side effects of allowing more people to vote?

  23. The Spoils System • To the winner goes the _____ • Appointing supporters with public office • Jackson makes this popular • Advantages • Better to bring in new blood • Commoners would get a chance to run the government • Not many people had changed • Disadvantages • Supporters may not be qualified • Illiterates, crooks given positions • Some stole funds

  24. Askin’ All Them Questions • What is the Spoils system? • Advantages? • Disadvantages? • What was Jackson the first president to do… • What is mudslinging? Really bad occurrence? • What was the Corrupt Bargain? • Jackson nickname

  25. John Green Crash Course #14Jackson • Why wasn’t early American democratic? • How is that different? • What was the rationale between voting being dependent on owning land • What did Martin Van Buren realize?

  26. Making Statements

  27. Like a Boss:The Andrew Jackson presidency “Always take all the time to reflect the circumstances permit, but when the time for action has come, stop thinking.” ~Andrew Jackson

  28. Previously…in APUSH • What was the American system? • Who proposed it? • What was the Monroe Doctrine? • Who wanted us to go war in 1812? • Why? • Why did Napoleon sell us Louisiana? • Why was Jefferson conflicted? • What was the XYZ Affair? • What was the Pinckney Treaty? • What did Washington warn about in his farewell address? • Why did the Panic of 1819 happen? • What was significant about the Tariff of 1816? • Who hated it? • What was Hamilton’s overarching economic ideolohy

  29. APUSH Reader:Boyhood homes of first 10 US Presidents • http://matterdome.com/post/197-the-boyhood-homes-of-the-first-10-us-presidents/ • What do the homes tell you about the first 10 US presidents? • What challenges could this background have when running for elected office? • How does this compare to contemporary politics?

  30. Primary source daily

  31. What We’re Talking About • Describe the elements of the New Democracy of the 1820s. • List the terms of the so-called corrupt bargain. • Describe the political innovations of the 1830s. • Describe why did the South see the Tariff of 1828 as the “Tariff of Abominations?”

  32. Tariff of Abominations • Tariff of ____________ • ____________ • Protection from __________________ • Drives up prices for American consumers • Invited _______________ • Jackson promotes a high tariff ____________________ • To show ______________________ • It passes

  33. Tariff of Abominations • Southern response • Little industry, heavy consumers • ??? • Southerners are _______________ • Missouri Compromise • Slave rebellions • British being pressured into abolition

  34. Worst Tariff EVERRRRRRRRR • ___________________ • Written by __________________ • Vice President • Tariff is unconstitutional • States should _______________ (cancel out) the tariff • South Carolina tries to get 2/3 vote to nullify tariff

  35. Tariff of Abominations • Tariff of 1832 lowers the Tariff of 1828 but not significantly • _________ v Unionists • Two groups form in SC • Nullies win the election of 1832 • Nullify tariff • Threaten to take SC out

  36. Andrew Jackson Handles it Like a Boss • Andrew Jackson’s response • _____________________ • Didn’t want to see Jackson win support of federalists by crushing SC • Compromise bill that _________________ by 10% over 8 years back to 1816 level • Force Bill

  37. Ignite Learning:The Tariff of abominations • http://www.teachertube.com/embed/video/365

  38. Askin’ All Them Questions • What was the Tariff of Abominations? • Who led the opposition? • Who is known as the Great Compromiser? • Examples? • What was the Corrupt Bargain? • What was the American System?

  39. The Bank • Jackson distrusted bank • What party? • Thought it was monopolistic • Positives of bank • Stable currency • Useful in expanding nation’s economy • Critics • Not accountable by people but rich investors • Against democratic principles • Foreclosed on Western lands

  40. The Bank War • Clay and Webster are ready to ____________________ • Early, wanted to use it as an issue against Jackson • Thinks that Jackson would be trapped either way • Jackson _________________ • Says it’s ________________ • Made Jackson popular with common people

  41. Election of 1832 • First time a 3rd party • Anti-Mason • Worried about Masonic influence • First use of ____________________ • Clay’s Advantage • ___________________ • Bribed newspaper editors • Jackson • ______________________ • Results • Jackson: 219 (688,000) • Clay: 49 (530,000)

  42. Ole Hickory v. the bank • Jackson convinced people want him to • Bank gets rechartered • Jackson decided to remove money from bank • Paid daily bills out of the bank • Put the money in state banks • “Pet banks”

  43. The Bank War • Nicholas Biddle, bank President • Wants to show that the bank is important • Starts calling in loans • Hopes to start a financial crisis • National Bank is killed • Effects of no NB • Cycle of boom or busts • Many fly-by-night banks • Unstable currency • Treasury requires Specie Circular to buy land • Metal Money • All leads to a Depression in 1837

  44. Making Statements

  45. The Whigs…Jackson’s an !@# • Democrat-Republicans drop the Republican Party • Oldest continuing political party • Whigs • Opposition to Jackson • Whig = ode to British American hatred to monarchy • Jackson is being a tyrant • Uses the veto too much

  46. The Whigs…Jackson’s an !@# • Whig Party • Hated Jackson’s executive power • Somewhat unorganized • Formed by • Clay • Webster • Calhoun • Whig Support • American System • Southern States’ Rights • Northern industrialists • Evangelicals. • Whig Platform • Internal improvements • Roads • Canals • Telegraph lines • Commercial industrial development

  47. Jacksonian Democracy? • Native Tribes • 125,000 in forest/prairies east of MS • Treated as separate nations who made treaties with • ________________________ • Tried to civilize them with missionaries • 1793 Congress apportioned $ for • Literacy • Agriculture • Vocational • ________________________ • Cherokees, Creeks, Chocktaws, Seminoles, Chickasaws • Slowly adopted ________________

  48. Cherokee Indians • ________________are being ousted in Georgia • Federal government tries to deal with it fairly • Governor threatens to deal with them forcefully • States ________________ federal government

  49. Trail of Tears • GA Legislature, 1828 • Cherokee tribal council illegal • Asserted its authority over Indian lands • Supreme Court upholds Cherokee rights 3 times • Jackson refuses to recognize decision because he wants white settlement of West

  50. Indian Removal Act, 1830 • Thought he was preserving Indian way of life • Forced removal of 100,000 Indians to Oklahoma • Many died on the way • Resisters were crushed by soldiers • Seminoles participated in guerilla warfare • 4/5 moved to OK • Rest fled to Everglades