Biography Charlie Chaplin
- • Charles Spencer Chaplin was born in Walworth, London, England on April 26th, 1889 to Charles and Hannah (Hill) Chaplin, both music hall performers, who were married on June 22nd, 1885.
Chaplin began his official acting career at the age of eight, touring with The Eight Lancashire Lads. At 18 he began touring with Fred Karno's vaudeville troupe, joining them on the troupe's 1910 US tour. In November 1914 he left Keystone and signed on at Essanay, where he made 15 films. In 1916, he signed on at Mutual and made 12 films.
Chaplin's life and career was full of scandal and controversy. His first big scandal was during World War I, during which time his loyalty to England, his home country, was questioned. He had never applied for US citizenship, but claimed that he was a "paying visitor" to the United States. Many British citizens called Chaplin a coward and a slacker.
Charlie Chaplin, considered to be one of the most pivotal stars of the early days of Hollywood, lived an interesting life both in his films and behind the camera. He is most recognized as an icon of the silent film era, often associated with his popular "Little Tramp" character; the man with the toothbrush mustache, bowler hat, bamboo cane, and a funny walk.
Another scandal occurred when Chaplin briefly dated 22-year-old Joan Barry. However, Chaplin's relationship with Barry came to an end in 1942, after a series of harassing actions from her. In May of 1943 Barry returned to inform Chaplin that she was pregnant, and filed a paternity suit, claiming that the unborn child was his. During the 1944 trial blood tests proved that Chaplin was not the father, but at the time blood tests were inadmissible evidence and he was ordered to pay $75 a week until the child turned 21.
Conversely, when Chaplin and his family traveled to London for the premier of Limelight (1952), he was denied re-entry to the United States. In reality, the government had almost no evidence to prove that he was a threat to national security. He and his wife decided, instead, to settle in Switzerland. In 1921 Chaplin was decorated by the French government for his outstanding work as a filmmaker, and was elevated to the rank of Officer of the Legion of Honor in 1952. In 1972 he was honored with an Academy Award for his "incalculable effect in making motion pictures the art form of the century." In 1975 England's Queen Elizabeth II knighted him.
Chaplin was married four times and had a total of 11 children. In 1918 he wed Mildred Harris, they had a son together, Norman Spencer Chaplin, who only lived three days. Chaplin and Mildred were divorced in 1920. He married Lita Grey in 1924, who had two sons, Charles Chaplin Jr. and Sydney Chaplin. They were divorced in 1927.
Chaplin's later film The Great Dictator (1940), which was his first "talkie", also created a stir. In the film Chaplin plays a humorous caricature of Adolf Hitler. Some thought the film was poorly done and in bad taste. However, it grossed over $5 million and earned five Academy Award Nominations.
Chaplin's other works included musical scores he composed for many of his films. He also authored two autobiographical books, "My Autobiography" in 1964 and its companion volume, "My Life in Pictures" in 1974. Chaplin died of natural causes on December 25, 1977 at his home in Switzerland.
In 1978, Chaplin's corpse was stolen from its grave and was not recovered for three months; he was re-buried in a vault surrounded by cement.
Charlie Chaplin was considered one of the greatest filmmakers in the history of American cinema, whose movies were and still are popular throughout the world, and have even gained notoriety as time progresses. His films show, through the Little Tramp's positive outlook on life in a world full of chaos, that the human spirit has and always will remain the same
Презентацию выполняла: Данилюк Екатерина 6 «а» классаМБОУ СОШ №8
Список литературы http://www.charliechaplin.com/ http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D7%E0%EF%EB%E8%ED,_%D7%E0%F0%EB%FC%E7 http://www.kinopoisk.ru/name/78810/ http://images.yandex.ru/yandsearch?text=%D1%87%D0%B0%D1%80%D0%BB%D0%B8%20%D1%87%D0%B0%D0%BF%D0%BB%D0%B8%D0%BD%20%D1%84%D0%BE%D1%82%D0%BE&img_url=http%3A%2F%2Fimg11.nnm.ru%2F8%2F5%2F8%2F2%2F6%2F6082a2c6e6434b373eb71dd7ea2.jpg&pos=0&rpt=simage&lr=213&noreask=1&source=wiz http://images.yandex.ru/yandsearch?source=wiz&uinfo=sw-1003-sh-627-fw-778-fh-448-pd-1&p=1&text=%D1%87%D0%B0%D1%80%D0%BB%D0%B8%20%D1%87%D0%B0%D0%BF%D0%BB%D0%B8%D0%BD%20%D1%84%D0%BE%D1%82%D0%BE&noreask=1&pos=31&rpt=simage&lr=213&img_url=http%3A%2F%2Fimg0.liveinternet.ru%2Fimages%2Fattach%2Fb%2F3%2F21%2F241%2F21241793_182.jpg