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Unit 1 - Sentences

Unit 1 - Sentences

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Unit 1 - Sentences

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  1. Unit 1 - Sentences Grade 6 ela

  2. Unit 1 Topics - Sentences • Sentence • Sentence types • Subject/predicate • Simple subject/simple predicate • Compound subject/compound predicate • Avoiding fragments and run-ons • Sentence structures • Simple • Compound • Complex

  3. Lesson 1: Identifying Sentences • A sentence is a group of words that expresses a complete thought. • A sentence has a subject and a predicate. • A subject is who or what the sentence is about. • A predicate tells what the subject is or does. • Every sentence begins with a capital letter.

  4. Practice: Lesson 1 • Read each sentence and draw a line in between the subject and the predicate. • 1. Mosquito eggs hatch quickly into larvae. • 2. Most mosquito species produce many generations each year. • 3. The male mosquito does not require blood meals. • 4. Malaria and yellow fever are spread by mosquitoes. • 5. Various kinds of insect repellents protect against mosquito bites.

  5. Practice: Lesson 1Directions: Draw a line in between the subject and predicate of each sentence. • Most ancient Egyptians worked as farmers, craftsmen, or scribes. • Farmers’ children worked in the fields with their parents. • The sons of craftsmen served as apprentices to their fathers. • Privileged boys received formal education as scribes. • A small group of people were priests and nobles. • The pharaoh dominated ancient Egyptian government. • The people of Egypt considered him a god. • The pharaoh’s advisory were the priests. • Both men and women in ancient Egypt wore cosmetics. • Oils and Creams protected people’s skin from the sun and wind.

  6. Lesson 2: Types of Sentences • There are four types of sentences. • Declarative sentences makes a statement and ends with a period. • Example: Volcanoes have magma chambers inside them. • Interrogative sentences ask a question and end with a question mark (?). • Example: What is magma? • Imperative sentences gives a command or makes a request. • Example: Write your observations about the volcano in your journal. • Exclamatory sentences expresses strong emotion and end with an exclamation point (!). • Example: I can’t believe this volcano is 4,000 years old!

  7. Practice: Lesson 2 • Directions: Determine the type of sentence. Add the correct end punctuation at the end of each sentence. • _______________What happens when bubbles rise ___ • _______________ In some volcanoes, lava oozes out slowly___ • _______________Put your hiking boots on before going to the volcano___ • _______________ How does density affect a volcano___ • _______________Wow, that lava is hot___ • _______________Mount St. Helens erupted in 1980 ___

  8. Practice: Lesson 2Directions: Decide whether each sentence is declarative, exclamatory, interrogative, or imperative. Then, Add the Correct punctuation. • __________________ Irving Berlin was one of America’s most successful songwriters ____ • ___________________Do you know the names of any of his songs ____ • ___________________ Berlin couldn’t read or write music or play the piano very well _____ • ___________________ That’s incredible ____ • ___________________During World War II Berlin wrote a musical about the army ___ • ___________________Name the dates for World War II ____ • ___________________The show raised $10,000,000 for charity ____ • ___________________ That’s what I call impressive _____ • ___________________ Berlin was born in Russia in 1888 ____ • ___________________Why did the family move to the United States ____

  9. Lesson 3: Simple Subjects and PredicatesComplete subjects and complete predicates • Simple subject is the one word that identifies who or what the sentence is about. • Example: • Engineers build. • Chinese engineers built the Great Wall. • Chinese engineers of the Ming Dynasty built many miles of the Great Wall. • Complete subject is the simple subject with all the words that describe it. • Example: • Chinese engineers built the Great Wall. • Chinese engineers of the Ming Dynasty built many miles of the Great Wall.

  10. Lesson 3: Simple Subjects and PredicatesComplete subjects and complete predicates • Simple Predicate is the one word that identifies what the subject did or was. • Example: • Engineers build. • Chinese engineers built the Great Wall. • Chinese engineers of the Ming Dynasty built many miles of the Great Wall. • Complete predicate is the simple subject with all the words that describe it. • Example: • Chinese engineers built the Great Wall. • Chinese engineers of the Ming Dynasty built many miles of the Great Wall.

  11. Lesson 3: Practice 1 Directions: Draw one line under the simple subject. Draw two lines under the simple predicate. • During the Tang dynasty, the Chinese made the first true porcelain. • A potter shapes pieces of porcelain on a potter’s wheel. • Porcelain workers decorate the pieces in a variety of ways. • Surface modification includes carving, perforating, or embossing a piece. • Many museums display Chinese painted porcelain.

  12. Lesson 3: Practice 2 Directions: Draw one line under the complete subject. Draw two lines under the complete predicate. Circle the simple subject and predicate. • During the Tang dynasty, the Chinese made the first true porcelain. • A potter shapes pieces of porcelain on a potter’s wheel. • Porcelain workers decorate the pieces in a variety of ways. • Surface modification includes carving, perforating, or embossing a piece. • Many museums display Chinese painted porcelain.

  13. LESSON 4: AVOIDING FRAGMENTS & RUN-ON SENTENCES • Part 1: FRAGMENTS • A sentence must contain a subject and predicate to express a complete thought. If the sentence does not express a complete thought, it is called a sentence fragment. • Fragments: • Are slender and furry. (a subject is missing) • The furry otter. (apredicate is missing) • Complete Sentences: • Otters are slender and furry. (asubject was added) • The furry otter is related to the weasel.(a predicate was added)

  14. LESSON 4: AVOIDING FRAGMENTS & RUN-ON SENTENCES • Part 2: RUN-ONs • A run-on sentence occur when you incorrectly join two or more complete thoughts without using any punctuation. • Run-Ons : • Bamboo is a giant form of grass its shoots are a tasty vegetable. • Corrected: • Bamboo is a giant form of grass. It’s shoots are a tasty vegetable. (Separate into two sentences) • Bamboo is a giant form of grass,and it’s shoots are a tasty vegetable. (Use a comma and conjunction)

  15. LESSON 4: PRACTICE Part 1 Directions: Identify the following group of words with an S for each complete sentence or an F for each fragment. The otter’s oily fur, which forms a waterproof oat. ____ River otters, once common in North America, are rarely seen. ____ Are afraid of humans. ____ Webbed toes and strong tails make otters excellent swimmers. ____ Paddling with their feet and using their strong tails to steer. ____ Prized for their rich fur like their relative the mink. ____ In the 1800’s, otters were trapped heavily and began disappearing. ____

  16. LESSON 4: PRACTICE Part 2 Directions: Identify the following group of words with an S for each complete sentence or an R for each run-on. Then, correct each run-on into a complete sentence. Bamboo is one of the most interesting plants it is valued for its beauty and usefulness. ____ Bamboo may be one of the world’s most useful plants. ____ Bamboo grows in huge groves it serves as a natural buffer against floods, erosion and the earthquake shocks. ____ In addition, bamboo enriches the soil. ____ People have found bamboo indispensable they use it for buildings, for musical instruments and for furniture. ____