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Medical Law and Ethics PowerPoint Presentation
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Medical Law and Ethics

Medical Law and Ethics

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Medical Law and Ethics

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  1. Medical Law and Ethics Chapter 7 Public Duties of the Physician

  2. Public Health Recordsand Vital Statistics • Vital events in person’s life • Used by government to determine population trends and needs • Public duty of physicians to report vital events

  3. Births • Physician must sign certificate of live birth • Certificate is filed at county clerk’s office in state birth took place

  4. Figure 7.1Sample of a Birth Certificate

  5. Figure 7.1Sample of a Birth Certificate (continued)

  6. Figure 7.1Sample of a Birth Certificate (continued)

  7. Figure 7.1Sample of a Birth Certificate (continued)

  8. Deaths • Date and time of death • Cause of death • How long deceased was treated before dying • Presence or absence of pregnancy • Whether autopsy took place

  9. Deaths (continued) • Coroner: public health officer holds inquest if death from unknown or violent cause • Medical examiner: physician who investigates unexplained deaths and can perform autopsy • Autopsy: examination after death to determine cause of death

  10. Medical Examiner Cases • Legal investigation by medical examiner or coroner in case of suspicious death • Investigation is required if death is: • Violent in nature (homicide, suicide, accident) • Caused by criminal abortion • Related to contagious or virulent disease • Of a person confined to jail or correctional institution • Result of unexplained or unexpected cause • Caused by electrical, radiation, or chemical injury

  11. Medical Examiner Cases (continued) • Legal investigation by medical examiner or coroner in case of suspicious death. • Investigation is required if death is: • Of a person who had no physician in attendance within 36 hours of death • Of a person whose body is not claimed by friend or relative • Of a child under age of two if death is from unknown cause • Of a person of unknown identity

  12. Communicable Diseases • Diseases transmitted from one person to another—considered threat to public • Reportable diseases • National Childhood Vaccine Injury Act

  13. Duty to Report AIDS, HIV,and ARC Cases • All states require reports of these cases to local or state department of health • Who shall report the case varies from state to state (attending physician, laboratory, etc.)

  14. Child Abuse • All abuse must be reported by teachers, health professionals, law enforcement and day care personnel, and social service workers • Physicians have been held liable for not reporting cases • Person reporting is protected by law from being sued by parents and others

  15. Figure 7.2A Young Child Explains Her Injury to a Physician

  16. Elder Abuse • Older American Act (1987) • Includes physical abuse, neglect, exploitation, abandonment, and financial abuse of adults 60 and older

  17. Spousal Abuse • Laws governing the reporting vary by state • Local police may have to become involved when spousal abuse is suspected • Court may issue restraining or protective order prohibiting abuser from contact with victim

  18. Signs of inadequate nutrition Venereal disease and genital abrasions Makeup to hide bruises Sunglasses worn inside to hide blackened eyes Repeated injuries Bruises and unexplained swelling Unexplained fractures Bite marks Unusual marks Bruising or swelling in genital area Signs of Abuse

  19. Substance Abuse • Abuse of prescription drugs is reportable immediately according to law • Violation of controlled substances laws is a criminal offense

  20. Gathering Evidence in Cases of Abuse • Precise documentation of all injuries, bruises, and suspicious genital fluid deposits in children is critical • Court may subpoena records at later date

  21. Gathering Evidence in Cases of Abuse (continued) • Evidence includes • Photos • Urine specimen • Clothing • Body fluids • Various samples such as blood, semen, vaginal or rectal smears • Foreign objects

  22. Other Reportable Conditions • Physicians required to report certain medical conditions to maintain accurate public health statistics, including • Cancer • Epilepsy • Congenital disorders • Certain infectious diseases, such as tuberculosis (TB)

  23. Controlled Substances Act and Regulations • Food and Drug Administration (FDA) • Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) • Controlled Substances Act of 1970 • Bureau of Narcotics and Dangerous Drugs (BNDD)

  24. Prescription of Controlled Drugs • Only those with a DEA number may issue prescriptions for narcotics • Number must appear on all prescriptions for controlled substances • Schedule II drugs require triplicate form

  25. Prescription of Controlled Drugs (continued) • Schedule II drug prescription cannot be refilled • Must take written inventory of drug supply every two years • Narcotics dispensing records must be kept for two years (state regulations may vary)

  26. Protection of Employee and the Environment • Employee Assistance Program (EAP) • Confidential counseling and referral service • Helps employees and their families assess a problem • Develops plan to resolve problem • Determines appropriate resource to assist in process

  27. Medical Waste • Solid • Chemical • Radioactive • Infectious