Shri Shivaji Mofat Education Society’s SHRI SHIVAJI LAW COLLEGE KANDHAR, DIST.-NANDED CRIMINOLOGY AND PENOLOGY Dr. PRAKASH LAXMANRAO DOMPALE M. Com., LL.M. NET, Ph. D.
What is Criminology? • Criminology is the scientific study of the nature, extent, cause, and control of criminal behavior: Criminology is an interdisciplinary science:-Sociology-Criminal justice-Political science-Psychology-Economics-Natural science
What is Criminology? Criminology and Criminal Justice • Criminology explains the origin, extent, and nature of crime in society • Criminal justice refers to agencies of social control • Both discipline areas overlap
CRIME CAUSATION • Heredity and crime • Mental disorder and criminality • Mc Naghten’s Rule of criminal responsibility • Sex, age and crime • Alcoholism • Narcotic drugs • Physical environment • Theries of different Association • Education mass media • Economic factor
Multiple causation theory • Home and family in relation to crime • The broker home • Multiple causation theory • Home and family in relation to crime • The broken home • Impact of criminal conviction • Psychological tension and emotional disturbances at home
WHITE CALLAR CRIME • White caller crime defined • White caller crime & Blue caller crime • Implication of white caller crime • Criticism of Sutherland • Causes of white caller crime • Classification & types of white caller crime
White caller crime in India • Adulteration • Violation of tax laws • Corruption in Govt. and politics • White caller crime in professions • Blackmoney
MODERN & INTERNATIONAL CRIMES • Definition of terrorism • Nature of terrorism • Causative factor • Organized crime • Ingredient of terrorism • Funds for terrorism • Types of terrorism • Computer-Cyber crimes & terrorism • Hijacking • Crime relating to human organs