DISTANCING EXPRESSIONS Unit 2 New English Advanced
Distancingexpressions are oftenused, particularly in journalismwhere a speaker or writerwants to stress that the information is second-hand and comesfrom a specific source, ratherthanbeingtheirownknowledge or opinion.
seem/appear Itseemsthatthelesschildrensleep, the more likelythey are tobehavebadly. Itappearsthatthelesschildrensleep, the more likelythey are tobehavebadly. Differencebetweenseem and appear. appearisslightly more formal thanseem Itwouldseemthatthelesschildrensleep, the more likelythey are tobehavebadly. Itwouldappearthatthelesschildrensleep, the more likelythey are tobehavebadly. Thisexpressionis more formal thanItseems/appears
Impersonality: thepassive Usingthepassiveis a way of avoidingthenaming of a specificpersonwhoisresponsibleforanaction. PATTERNS: 1.It+passive v.(agree,announce,believe,expect,hope, report,say,suggest,think and understand)+that+clause Itissaidthateatinggarlicstopsyoucatchingcolds. 2.subject+passive verb(believe,expect,report,say,think and understand)+to+infinitive Salaries are expectedtogodown in a fewmonths. 3.There+passive verb+to+infinitive There are saidtobe more than 200 studentswaitingtojoinourschool.
apparently, according to, may/might apparently( verycommon in informal conversation). Apparently,therewas a robbery last night. Is shepregnant? Apparently According to( to specifywhere information comesfrom) According to the Prime Minister, there´llbe a reduction of unemployement in the nexttwoyears. May/might ( possiblility) The peaceconferencemayfind a solution to the problem.