MADAGASCAR Mariana Gomes & Samm Farrell Rank 8 on the chart
DESCRIBE YOUR COUNTRY The Republic of Madagascar is an island country (fourth-largest island in the World) located in the Indian Ocean off the southeastern coast of Africa. The population there is 20,713,819 people, 5% of them live on less than two dollars per day. Ecotourism, agriculture, expansion of international trade and greater investments in education, health and private enterprise are key elements of Madagascar's development strategy. Madagascar is a biodiversity hotspot over 80% of its plant and animals species are found nowhere else on Earth.
Major causes of the water quality: The problem of water pollution is due mainly to the lack of legislation and control of the pollutant emissions by industrial facilities, and also fast urbanization involving the appearance of small towns near lakes and rivers. It’s caused by many other factors such as oil spills, litter, soil leaks, and leaching.
Effects of poor quality water on population People in Madagascar can’t get much drinking water because of the pollution. Only 31% of people living in rural areas get pure drinking water. 85% of city people get clean drinking water. Many waterborne diseases come from contaminated drinking water, such as typhoid, hepatitis, and diarrhea. (as well as skin and respiratory infections). Children are advised to bring a bottle of water to school every day so they have something to drink and wash themselves with throughout the day.
Help from other countries/future They are not receiving help from other countries, but installations of pumps near villages have been helping clear up the water so that people are able to drink and swim in the rivers. Current and future generations in Madagascar are faced with the challenge of striking a balance between economic growth, equitable development and natural conservation.
Possible solutions Citizens of Madagascar could protest for legislation and laws against sludge being dumped into the rivers, lakes, and ocean. Doing so would help produce clean drinking water for rural towns and areas, because factories would be prevented from polluting the water needed to supply the townspeople.
Sources: • Yahoo! Answers • Wikipedia • Peacecorps.gov • Madagascar-wildlife.webs.com • Google images