The Union was split NORTH and SOUTH S.O.U.T.H.
S. Slave based system (“King Cotton”) • “King Cotton:” cotton is the most profitable good the South can produce • Cotton grown on plantations
O. Opposed high tariffs • Tariffs raised prices of imported British goods • South imported most of machines and nearly all luxuries
U. Under Calhoun’s leadership • John C. Calhoun: Senator from SC • Supports “nullification” of federal laws • Claims slavery is a positive system • Opening talks about secession
T. The economy: agricultural • Few large cities • Many poor farmers • Fewer schools than North
H. Have little industry • Must import many products • Little ability to mass-produce weapons and supplies