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Capacity Building in Quality Assurance and Accreditation in Higher Education in the Asia Pacific Region PowerPoint Presentation
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Capacity Building in Quality Assurance and Accreditation in Higher Education in the Asia Pacific Region

Capacity Building in Quality Assurance and Accreditation in Higher Education in the Asia Pacific Region

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Capacity Building in Quality Assurance and Accreditation in Higher Education in the Asia Pacific Region

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  1. Capacity Building in Quality Assurance and Accreditation in Higher Education in the Asia Pacific Region M. K. Tadjudin Chair National Accreditation Board for Higher Education, Indonesia

  2. Presentation outline • Quality assurance in higher education • Approaches to quality assurance in higher education • Capacity building steps to quality assurance in higher education • Case study Indonesia

  3. Quality is a distinguishing characteristic guiding students and higher education institutions

  4. Quality assurance in higher education has become not only a national issue but also a global one.

  5. Quality assurance is the basis of a well functioning education system

  6. Drivers of quality in HE • Funding: Competing for diminishing funds • Stakeholders’ demands • Market forces

  7. Approaches to quality (1) • The different educational systems and the different stages of maturity of the institutions and systems mean there different approaches to QA • Some systems use more than one approach

  8. Approaches to quality (2) • AUDIT: A check on an organization’s explicit or implicit claims about itself --> Are your processes effective ? • ASSESSMENT: An evaluation that results in a grade --> How good are your outputs ? • ACCREDITATION: Evaluation whether an institution qualifies for a certain status --> Are you fit to be approved ?

  9. Approaches to quality (3) Accreditation Audit Assessment

  10. Approaches to quality (4) • All these processes can be carried out internally by the institution themselves or by an external body • Self-assessment and self-accreditation would normally not be seen as credible • However an institution could self-assess or self-accredit, so that the external process becomes a validation (or rebuttal) audit of the institution’s own conclusions

  11. Capacity building steps • Which approach ? • Which methodology ?

  12. Determinants • Educational system • Maturity of the HE system

  13. Case study: Indonesia

  14. Indonesian tertiary educations qualifications framework

  15. Maturity of Indonesian HE system • Immature system • Wide variety in stage of development of institutions and programs • Wide variety of quality within programs in different institutions • Wide variety quality between programs within institutions

  16. Approach and methodology ? • Establishment of the National Accreditation Board for Higher Education • Program accreditation • Ranking of results

  17. Problems & constraints • Huge number of programs • Limited number of experts • Limited number of reviewers • Limited funding

  18. TYPE OF INSTIT-UTIONS LEVEL OF ACCREDITATION ACCRE-DITED D-3 STUDY PROGRAMS NUMBER OF D-3 STUDY PROGRAMS ACCREDITED D-3 FROM TOTAL D-3 STUDY PROGRAMS A B C D State Univer-sities 12 10.6% 58 51.4 % 39 34.5 % 4 3.5 % 113 16.2 % 464 17.0 % 24.4 % Private Univer-sities 43 8.9 % 209 43.5 % 218 45.3 % 11 2.3 % 481 89.4 % 2013 73.9 % 23.9 % Institute for Religious Studies 0 0 % 0 0 % 0 0 % 0 0 % 0 0 % 44 1.6 % 0 % Service Institutes 0 0 % 7 50.0 % 7 50.0 % 0 0 % 14 2.6 % 204 7.5 % 6.9 % TOTAL 55 9.0 % 274 45.1 % 264 43.4 % 15 2.5% 608 2725 22.3 % Accreditation results of Diploma (D-3) programs (25 Aug 2004)

  19. TYPE OF INSTIT-UTIONS LEVEL OF ACCREDITATION ACCRE-DITED S-1 STUDY PROGRAMS NUMBER OF S-1 STUDY PROGRAMS ACCREDITED S-1 FROM TOTAL S-1 STUDY PROGRAMS A B C D State Univer-sities 307 23.0 % 697 52.1 % 317 23.7 % 16 1.2 % 1337 25.7 % 1805 25.2 % 74.1 % Private Univer-sities 266 8.0 % 1537 46.3 % 1364 41.1 % 152 4.6 % 3319 63.3 % 4246 61.6 % 78.2 % Institute for Religious Studies 46 9.3% 250 50..6 % 157 31.8 % 41 8.3 % 494 8.4 % 807 12.7 % 61.2 % Service Institutes 3 8.3 % 14 55.6 % 10 33.3 % 0 2.8 % 27 0.6 % 37 0.6 % 73.3 % TOTAL 622 12.0 % 2498 48.3 % 1848 35.7 % 209 4.0 % 5177 6895 75.1 % Accreditation results of S-1 programs (25 Aug 2004)

  20. TYPE OF INSTITU-TIONS LEVEL OF ACCREDITATION ACCRE-DITED S-2 PROGRAMS ACCREDITED S-2 FROM TOTAL S-2 STUDY PROGRAMS U B T State Univer-sities 223 77 % 67 23 % 0 0 % 290 75 % 378 69 % 77 % Private Univer-sities 48 55.3 % 41 43.5 % 1 1.2 % 90 23 % 136 25 % 66 % NUMBER S-2 STUDY PROGRAMS Institute for Religious Studies 9 100 % 0 0 9 2 % 37 7% 24 % Service Institutes 0 0 0 0 0 0 TOTAL 272 72.3 % 103 27.4% 1 0.3% 389 551 71 % Table 3: S-2 2001 - 2002

  21. TYPE OF INSTIT-UTIONS LEVEL OF ACCREDITATION ACCRE-DITED S-2 STUDY PROGRAMS NUMBER OF S-2 STUDY PROGRAMS ACCREDITED S-2 FROM TOTAL S-2 STUDY PROGRAMS A B C D State Universities 15 27.8 % 26 48.1 % 13 24.1 % 0 0 % 54 57.4 % 378 69 % 14.3 % Private Univer-sities 3 7.5 % 14 35.0 % 18 45.0 % 5 12.5 % 40 445.1 % 136 25 % 29.4 % Institute for Religious Studies 0 0 % 0 0 % 0 0 % 0 0 % 0 0 % 37 7 % 0 % Service Institutes 0 0 % 0 0 % 0 0 % 0 0 % 0 0 % 0 0 % TOTAL 18 19.1 % 40 42.6 % 31 33.0% 5 5.3 % 94 551 17.1 % Accreditation results of S-2 programs (Jan 2003 - Aug 2004).

  22. Study to change from program accreditation to institutional accreditation

  23. Terima Kasih