Marcus Tullius Cicero “ parens eloquentiae et litterarum Latinarum ” - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Marcus Tullius Cicero “ parens eloquentiae et litterarum Latinarum ” PowerPoint Presentation
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Marcus Tullius Cicero “ parens eloquentiae et litterarum Latinarum ”

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  1. Marcus Tullius Cicero“parenseloquentiae et litterarumLatinarum” 106-43 BCE Marcus Licinius Crassus115-53 BCE Gaius Iulius Caesar100-44 BCE Gnaeus Pompeius Magnus106-48 BCE

  2. Marcus Tullius Cicero, 106-43 BCEBiographical details – early career

  3. Marcus Tullius Cicero, 106-43 BCEBiographical details – mid-career

  4. Marcus Tullius Cicero, 106-43 BCEBiographical details – late-career

  5. Marcus Tullius Ciceronon hominisnomen, sedeloquentiae“… not the name of a man, but of eloquence (itself)”Quintilian Insts. 10.1.112 • 1800 epistulae (900 extant) • 88 speeches (52 extant) • 11 treatises on rhetoric and politics • 11 treatises on philosophy • 2 poems (epic on his consulship of 63 BCE, partially extant; epic on his career, lost) • Against Verres • Cicero served as quaestor in Sicily in 75 BCE • Gaius Verres, provincial governor of Sicily, 73-70 BCE • Cicero composed five speeches, the first outlining the legal issues, while speeches 2-5 outlined the charges against Verres • Outcome: Cicero only delivered the first speech, Hortensius advised Verres to plead no contest, and he subsequently went into self-imposed exile in Massilia (Marseilles) • Cicero published all of the speeches to promote his own career