Tension Discovering Opposites
Definition • 3. literature sense of different elements conflicting: the way that opposing elements or characters clash or interact interestingly with each other in a literary work(Encarta.com)
How do you know that this object is a circle? Things in Opposition
Opposition If we know that the object on the left is a rectangle, we can say that the object on the right is not a rectangle.
Biological Opposition Male Body Parts Female Body Parts This is a male person. This is not a male person. Opposition We can extend our idea of tension, or things in opposition, to concepts or ideas.
Masculinity Femininity F F M F M M F M F M M M F F Opposition Opposition can be represented as opposite poles of the same family of concepts or ideas. This opposition might not agree with biological opposition. Self-derived gender descriptiveness is possible because we already understand the tension between two sets of polar opposites: biological and behavioral.
How do we know that this decision is good? Decision Decisional Tension
Decision Good Decision Decisional Tension We can identify an other than good decision from a good decision, because we know what a good is.
Good Decision Bad Decision Decisional Tension We can measure decisional tension by identifying the polar opposition between good and bad decisions.
Positive Effect Negative Effect D D Good Decision Bad Decision D D D D D D D D D Decisional Tension The assignment of good or bad is based on the tension between effects.
Novel Situation Choice Paradigms 1. Analysis 2. Association 3. Codified Rules Plowing New Ground *refer to article by Mauro, Barshi, Pederson, and Bruininks
A Not A Analysis (tension-building) G J Situation X A H F C K B E L D I X might be controlled by tensions in A-L
Good Good Good Good Bad Bad Bad Bad Situation ABC Option Match Option Option Association (tension adapting) A B C D ABC is best handled by the tension of B
A B C Situation XYZ J D E F G H I F J K L M N O Rules (borrowed tension) XYZ always equals J + F