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Educate to Eradicate

Educate to Eradicate

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Educate to Eradicate

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  1. Educate to Eradicate

  2. Benefits & Disadvantages of Termites • Benefits • Decomposers • Break down cellulose in wood • Recycle nutrients into the environment • Food sourcefor amphibians, reptiles, and birds • Disadvantages • Consumption of wooden houses = PESTS

  3. Termites in Hawaii Scientific nameCommon name Neotermes connexus Snyder Forest tree drywood termite Incisitermes immigrans (Snyder) Lowland tree drywood termite Cryptotermes brevis (Walker) West Indian drywood termite Coptotermes formosanus Shiraki Formosan subterranean termite Cryptotermes cynocephalus Indo-Malaysia drywood termite Incisitermes minor Western drywood termite Zootermopsis angusticollis Pacific dampwood termite Coptotermes vastator Philippine milk termite

  4. Termite Types in Hawaii • Subterranean/Ground Termites Colony/Nest is found in the ground • Drywood Termites Colony/Nest is found in the wood that they eat

  5. Subterranean Philippine Milk Termite Termites in Hawaii

  6. FORMOSAN SUBTERRANEAN TERMITECoptotermes formosanus Shiraki • Major swarms occur during May and June • Colony development is fast: 5 years to produce a mature colony • Colony size is large: between 3-10 million termites • Distinct worker caste • Attack most wood types but prefer softwoods • WEST INDIAN DRYWOOD TERMITECryptotermes brevis (Walker) • Major swarms occur during June and July • Colony development is very slow: about 12 termites during 1st yr. • Colony size is very small: about 300 to a few thousand termites • No true worker caste; all become soldiers or reproductives • Attack most wood types but prefer hardwoods ECONOMIC TERMITE PESTS IN HAWAII

  7. Subterranean termite alate wing • Drywood Termites More detailed pattern along the top of vein (complex) Drywood termite alate wing Subterranean Termites versus Drywood TermitesWings from Alates • Subterranean Termites Two veins along the top which run parallel to each other (simple)

  8. Drywood Termites Leaves behind FRASS resembling sand Subterranean Termites versus Drywood TermitesExcretions/Waste Material Subterranean TermitesLeaves behindCARTON, resembling hard cardboard

  9. Drywood termites Eats in NO distinct pattern “non-picky eaters” Subterranean Termites versus Drywood TermitesFeeding Pattern Subterranean termitesEats in a distinct pattern “picky eaters”

  10. Subterranean Termites versus Drywood TermitesHome Life Subterranean termites Create mud tunnels Drywood termites Make kickout holes

  11. Is it a Termite or is it an Ant? • Antenna • Ant: Elbowed • Termite: Not elbowed • Wings • Stubs • Ant: None • Termites: Has left over • Size/shape • Ant: Different • Termite: Same • Body Shape • Ant: Hour glass • Termite: Uniformed