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Seven Plants that Changed the World

Seven Plants that Changed the World

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Seven Plants that Changed the World

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  1. Seven Plants that Changed the World Based on the book “An Empire of Plants” by Toby and Will Musgrave Tina Tuttle

  2. Nicotiana tabacum An annual in the Solanaceae family, used by the Mayan as early as 1500BC.

  3. Smoking Tobacco

  4. Nicotiana alata Nicotiana sylvestris Nicotiana langsdorffii

  5. Saccharum officinarum “The world’s most indulgent and unnecessary crop!”

  6. Sugar Cane

  7. The process: • Harvested by hand. • Canes are run through rollers • to extract the juice. • 3. Boiled, evaporated into sugar crystals. 5. Rum 4. Molasses

  8. Beta vulgaris Zea mays

  9. Gossypium tomentosum One of the oldest cultivated plants, an annual in the Malvaceae family.

  10. Cotton

  11. Coastal Cotton in USA Calico Cottons from Calcutta, India Muslin from Mosul Turkey Cotton Nankeen Cotton from Nanjing, China

  12. 1738 1764 1794 1775

  13. Camellia sinensis Known since 2737BC and cultivated in 3rd century AD. China’s national drink in Tang dynasty (610-906AD).

  14. Tea

  15. Wedgewood 1908 1904

  16. 1763 Boston Tea Party

  17. “Plucking plateau” Green Tea Black Tea

  18. Papaver somniferum Called the “Plant of Joy”

  19. Poppy

  20. The First Opium War 1840-1842-- Treaty of Nanjing ceded Hong Kong. The Second Opium War 1856-1860

  21. Lemon Poppy Seed Cake Hypodermic needle-1853

  22. Chinchona officinalis Member of the madder family (Rubinaceae), kin to Gardenia and known as “Jesuit Bark”.

  23. Quinine

  24. Hevea brassilliensis Aztecs painted the milky sap of this tropical tree on their feet as waterproof ‘boots’.

  25. Rubber

  26. Calendering machine

  27. Charles Macintosh Charles Goodyear The Michelin Brothers John B. Dunlop

  28. Did you learn anything new?? Any Questions? Thank You!