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Facite Nunc : Take a ‘ Term 1 Interim Assessment Review’ handout ‘Verb Synopsis’ handout

Facite Nunc : Take a ‘ Term 1 Interim Assessment Review’ handout ‘Verb Synopsis’ handout

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Facite Nunc : Take a ‘ Term 1 Interim Assessment Review’ handout ‘Verb Synopsis’ handout

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  1. 11/12/113 Propositum: DWBAT review a sentence from their IA Exam in order to review the passive voice formation and translation FaciteNunc: • Take a • ‘Term 1 Interim Assessment Review’ handout • ‘Verb Synopsis’ handout • Complete sections I-V of your ‘Term 1 IA Review’ handout with your group members (5 min.) PENSUM #36: 1) Complete your ‘Verb Synopsis’ and ‘Passive Verbs in Context: Roman Defeat at Cannae’ translation. 2) Study for a verb synopsis quiz on Thursday. 3) Clean out your binders from Term 1 EXCEPT for Reference Info and Vocabulary

  2. Annotate this following sentence for a) subjects, b) direct objects and c) verbs deindeMāgōnem, frātremHannibalis, quemibīdemcepit, Rōmam* cum aliīs trans mare misit. What is the syntax pattern of this sentence for those 3 parts of speech? _______________+ __________ and _______________ verb direct object subject

  3. Write the same sentence including 1 or more nominative case subjects in the blank spaces: deinde ______________ Māgōnem, frātremHannibalis, ______________ quemibīdemcepit, Rōmam cum aliīs trans mare misit. ille/Scipio/is ille/Scipio/is

  4. Annotate the following sentence: deindeMāgo, fraterHannibalis, quīibīdemcaptusest, Rōmam cum aliīs trans mare missus est. What is the syntax pattern of this sentence for those 3 parts of speech? _______________+ _________________________ verb Subject

  5. Answer the following grammatical questions about the sentences in #1 and #4 • The subject/s of #1 is/are _____________________________ • The subjects of #4 are _____________ and ______________ • The direct objects of #1 are ______________and ____________ • The direct object/s of #4 ______________________________ • The verbs of #1 are ___________ and ______________ • The verbs of #4 are ________________ and _______________ that man/Scipio/he Mago who Mago whom DO NOT EXIST! captured sent was sent was captured

  6. Therefore, I can conclude that the main difference between #1 and #4 is that . • How will that difference affect the way I translate each sentence? sentence #1 is ACTIVE and sentence #4 is PASSIVE For an ACTIVE sentence, I will translate subject + verb + direct object For an PASSIVE sentence, I will translate subject + verb + ablative of agent/means (if one exists)

  7. Translate each sentence, #1 and #4: 1)deindeMāgōnem, frātremHannibalis, quemibīdemcepit, Rōmam cum aliīs trans mare misit. TRANSLATION: 4) deindeMāgo, fraterHannibalis, quīibīdemcaptusest, Rōmam cum aliīs trans mare missus est. TRANSLATION: Then he sent Mago, brother of Hannibal, whom he captured in that same place, to Rome across the sea with the others. Then Mago, brother of Hannibal, who was captured in that same place, was sent to Rome across the sea with the others.

  8. What conclusion can we draw from comparing the grammatical structures and translations of these two sentences? Syntax is not always an accurate prediction of grammatical structure- a Latin sentence may start with a direct object, but that CANNOT dictate the way we must start our English translations. We must follow the GRAMMAR of a Latin sentence to determine its English translation.

  9. Exerceāmus • With your group, ANNOTATE, translate, and answer the following review questions following the passage ‘Roman Defeat at Cannae’ on pg. 3 • When you are done, raise your hand for a Classwork Check • Then you may begin your HW

  10. 11/13/113 Propositum: DWBAT review the passive voice and verb synopsis in order to conjugate a verb in all tenses and voices FaciteNunc: • Take out your ‘Verb Synopsis’ handout • ANNOTATE and translate the following sentence: ibi in Hispaniā,captīvī, quōsScīpīointerficerenōlēbat, detentīsunt. • captivus, -īm.captive, hostage • detineō, detinēre, detinuī, detentusto hold prisoner PENSUM #37: IA Reflection due. Study for a verb synopsis quiz TOMORROW.

  11. Hunter College Dance PerformanceFriday R2 and R3 • The Hunter Dance Program will perform a Lecture Demonstration course for TBLS. This Demonstration investigates the historical development of a variety of dance styles and kinetic similarities found among the wide range of dance forms and also highlights the importance of diverse methods of expression and the value of a creative process towards developing original choreography. • Dance forms include: Folk Dance, Afro Caribbean, Hip Hop and 3 Contemporary/Modern Dances choreographed by Hunter College dance majors.

  12. ibi in Hispaniā,captīvī, quōsScīpīointerficerenōlēbat, detentīsunt. • There in Hispania, the hostages, whom Scipio was not wanting to kill, were held prisoner. • Change detentīsuntto the PLUPERFECT tense • detentīerant • Change captīvī (āScīpīone) detentīsuntto the ACTIVE VOICE • detineō, detinēre, detinuī, detentusto hold prisoner • (Scipiō) captīvōsdetinuit

  13. capiō, capere, cēpī, captus: to seize, capturein the 2nd pl. fem. capitis capiminī you all are seized you all seize capiēbāminī capiēbātis you all were seizing, used to seize you all were being seized capieminī capietis you all will be seized you all will seize

  14. capiō, capere, cēpī, captus: to seize, capturein the 2nd pl. fem. cēpistis captaeestis you all seized you all have been seized captaeeratis cēperatis you all had seized you all had been seized cēperitis captaeeritis you all will have seized you all will have been seized

  15. capiō, capere, cēpī, captus: to seize, capturein the 2nd pl. fem. capī capere to be seized to seize

  16. illeibīdembelligerāverat, optimusRōmānōrumomnium in arte ducendīmilitēs. 7. Which of the following are substantive adjectives (lines 3-4)? (26%) • Rōmānōrum • optimus and Rōmānōrum • optimus, Rōmānōrum and omnium • optimus, Rōmānōrum,omniumand militēs

  17. 9. If the Romans had referred to the Mediterranean as “the light sea”, instead of “our sea”, they would have modified mare with: (17%) • levī • leve • levem • levis

  18. 17. Choose the list of verbs that can take complementary infinitives: (23%) • posse • posse,velle and mālle • posse, velle,mālle anddebēre • posse,velle, mālle,debēreandcapere

  19. Term 1 IA • Silently wait to receive your exam • Once you receive it, look over all 3 sections for your errors and comments • In a page in your notes, assess your performance in all 3 categories (Translation, Multiple-Choice, Reading Comprehension) • List 3 measureable goals you can work towards to improve your performance for Term 2

  20. Term 1 IA- R5Magna et Summa cum Laude (90%+) • Mohammad • Barbara • Marchellino • Xue Ling • Anaya • Leanna

  21. Term 1 IA- R3Magna et Summa cum Laude (90%+) • Aziz • Yu Xuan • Ozichi • Patrick • Tommy • Maya • Manpreet • Nefertari

  22. 11/14/113 Propositum: DWBAT define the term ‘participles’ and identify present active participles in English and Latin FaciteNunc: • Take out a black/blue pen for your quiz • Take out your IA Reflection for collection • Take a ‘Participles: An Introduction’ packet from the front PENSUM #38: Complete your Present Active Participles worksheet in full

  23. Quiz 8: Verb Synopsis • Complete your quiz in blue/black ink • You have 10 minutes to work

  24. wanting  participle Hannibal, wanting to surprise the Romans, crossed the Alps to enter Italy. Q: In the sentence above, is the word “wanting” an adjective, verb, a combination of both, or something else? Briefly justify your answer

  25. Introduction to Participles and Present Active Participles • Work with your table members to complete the following worksheet • Raise your hand for a check when you are done with pg. 2 to move on to pg. 3 • Raise your hand for a check when you are done with pg. 3 to move on to pg. 4

  26. 11/14/113 Propositum: DWBAT identify and decline present active and perfect passive participles in Latin FaciteNunc: • Take out your ‘Participles: An Introduction’ packet for inspection and correction • Take out a piece of looseleaf from your Class Notes section to take notes • Review the following from your notes from yesterday and discuss with your table members: • What is a participle? • Give an example of a sentence including a participle in English • What is the difference between a gerund and a participle? PENSUM #39: Study for quiz on Present Active and Perfect Passive participles on TUESDAY (forms and translations) A verbal adjective eating, drinking, dancing, sleeping, attacking, embracing A gerund is a verbal noun and a participle is a verb adjective

  27. Present Active Participle Hannibal, wanting to cross the surprise the Romans, crossed the Alps to enter Italy. • Represents an action that is ONGOING with the main verb of the sentence • As Hannibal crossed the Alps, he was at that time continuously wanting to surprise the Romans • Shows PRESENT time, or time contemporaneous with the main verb • At the time when Hannibal crossed the Alps, he was presently wanting to surprise the Romans • Is ACTIVE in voice, the subject performs the action • The subject, Hannibal, actively wants to do something

  28. Present Active Participle FORMATION: Present Stem + nt + 3rd declension adjective endings Ex. vince + nt + is = vincentis (gen. sg. m/f/n) (‘of the conquering ______) TRANSLATION ‘______ing’ EXCEPT Nom. Sg.  present stem (long vowel) + ns Ex. vincē + ns = vincēns (‘the conquering ______)

  29. ‘the conquering general’Present Active Participle dux vincēns ducēsvincentēs ducisvincentis ducumvincentium ducibusvincentibus ducīvincentī ducemvincentem ducēsvincentēs duce vincentī/e ducibusvincentibus

  30. Perfect Passive Participle FORMATION 4th PP *Declines like a 2-1-2 adjective TRANSLATION ‘having been _____ed’ or ‘_____ed’ Ex. dux victus (‘the general having been conquered’ or ‘the conquered general’)

  31. ‘the general having been conquered’ or ‘the conquered general’Perfect Passive Participle dux victus ducēsvictī ducumvictōrum ducisvictī ducibusvictīs ducīvictō ducemvictum ducēsvictōs duce victō ducibusvictīs

  32. Exerceāmus! • Review your HW with your table members and come to a consensus about your answers • When you have all agreed and corrected your work, raise your hand for a CHECK • Translate this sentence into Latin on looseleaf as your Exit Slip for collection: • Hannibal, being unaware of his brother’s death, marched to Rome by leading his soldiers. • ambulō, ambulāre, ambulāvī, ambulatus: to march • nesciō, nescīre, nescīvī, nescītus: to be unaware

  33. 11/18/113 Propositum: DWBAT translate present active and perfect passive participles in context FaciteNunc: • Take a ‘Participles in Context’ handout from the front • Wait to receive back your Exit Ticket from Friday • Take out a red pen PENSUM #40: Complete your ‘Participles in Context’ packet in full (pg. 3). Study for quiz on Present Active and Perfect Passive participles TOMORROW (forms and translations)

  34. Copy this sentence into your notes, annotate it, and translate into English • Hannibal, being unaware of his brother’s death, marched to Rome by leading his soldiers. • ambulō, ambulāre, ambulāvī, ambulatus: to march • nesciō, nescīre, nescīvī, nescītus: to be unaware mortis fratris (suī), ambulāvit nesciēns Hannibal, (suōs) militēs. Rōmam ducendō • What is the difference between eius and suus? • eius is a PERSONAL pronoun- it refers to someone OTHER than the subject • Ex. Hannibal hears about the death of his (someone else’s, ex. Scipio’s) brother. • suus is a REFLEXIVE adjective- it refers to the subject of the sentence • Ex. Hannibal hears about the death of his (Hannibal’s/his own) brother.

  35. Participles in Context:Battle of the Great Plains In order to distract Hannibal from Italy and acquire revenge for the betrayal of Syphax, former Roman ally, Publius Cornelius Scipio eagerly marches into Africa. • Hasdrubal, volēns cum Afrīssocietātem, fīliamSyphacī, Numidiaeregī, dēsponderat. • ducendō in mātrimōniumfīliam, rexproeliumprōvocābat. castraeiusā P. Cornēliō • Scipiōneducentī in Āfricammilitēsinvāsasunt. Scipiō victor victumSyphacem • Rōmam*mittīiussit, iūrānscontrāomneminimīcumpatriae. omnis Italia audiēns • dēvictōriīs in AfricāHannibalemstatimdeserit. deindeille, quī XVI annōs in Italiā • fuerat, āsuffētīsmetuentibusredīre in Āfricamiubēbātur. sedRōmānīHannibalem • exspecantēsomniapropeCarthāginemigne et ferrōvastābant. Hasdrubal, wanting an alliance with the Africans, had betrothed (his) daughter to Syphax, the king of Numidia.

  36. Scavenger hunt from the passage: Hasdrubal volēns (line 1) Exerceāmus! Complete pg.2 (participle declension, participle scavenger hunt, and translation) with your group members. You should be finished with the translation before the end of the recitation.

  37. 11/19/113 Propositum: DWBAT translate present active and perfect passive participles in context FaciteNunc: sin Context’ handout from the front to write out your final draft translation • Take out your HW for correction and inspection PENSUM #41: Complete your ‘Answering Reading Comprehension’ questions on side 2 of your handout. Study for translation quiz on Present Active and Perfect Passive participles on THURSDAY

  38. Participles in Context:Battle of the Great Plains In order to distract Hannibal from Italy and acquire revenge for the betrayal of Syphax, former Roman ally, Publius Cornelius Scipio eagerly marches into Africa. • Hasdrubal, volēns cum Afrīssocietātem, fīliamSyphacī, Numidiaeregī, dēsponderat. • ducendō in mātrimōniumfīliam, rexproeliumprōvocābat. castraeiusā P. Cornēliō • Scipiōneducentī in Āfricammilitēsinvāsasunt. Scipiō victor victumSyphacem • Rōmam*mittīiussit, iūrānscontrāomneminimīcumpatriae. omnis Italia audiēns • dēvictōriīs in AfricāHannibalemstatimdeserit. deindeille, quī XVI annōs in Italiā • fuerat, āsuffētīsmetuentibusredīre in Āfricamiubēbātur. sedRōmānīHannibalem • exspecantēsomniapropeCarthāginemigne et ferrōvastābant. Hasdrubal, wanting an alliance with the Africans, had betrothed (his) daughter to Syphax, the king of Numidia.

  39. Participles in Context:Battle of the Great Plains By leading (his) daughter into marriage, the king was provoking a battle/war. Line 2: ducendō in mātrimōniumfīliam, rexproeliumprōvocābat. Lines 2-3: castraeiusā P. CornēliōScipiōneducentī in Āfricammilitēsinvāsasunt. Lines 3-4: Scipiō victor victumSyphacemRōmam*mittīiussit, iūrānscontrāomneminimīcumpatriae. His camps were invaded by Publius Cornelius Scipio leading (his) soldiers into Africa. The conquering Scipio ordered the conquered Syphax to be sent to Rome, swearing an oath against every enemy of the fatherland.

  40. Participles in Context:Battle of the Great Plains Lines 4-5: omnis Italia audiēnsdēvictōriīs in AfricāHannibalemstatimdeserit. Lines 5-6: deindeille, quī XVI annōs in Italiāfuerat, āsuffētīsmetuentibusredīre in Āfricamiubēbātur. Lines 6-7: sedRōmānīHannibalemexspecantēsomniapropeCarthāginemigne et ferrōvastābant. All (of) Italy hearing about the victories in Africa immediately abandoned Hannibal. Then that (man), who had been in Italy (for) 16 years, was being ordered to return into Africa by the fearing suffets. But the Romans waiting for Hannibal were ravaging all (things) near Carthage with fire and iron (war and destruction).

  41. 11/20/113 Propositum: DWBAT translate present active and perfect passive participles in context FaciteNunc: • Take a • ‘Exerceāmus! Participles’ worksheet • ‘Battle of the Great Plains- Final Draft Translation’ worksheet • Take out your HW for correction and inspection • Re-write your corrected translation from your text yesterday onto your Final Draft Translation space on your ‘Battle of the Great Plains’ handout PENSUM #42: Complete your Exerceāmus! Participles’ handout in full. Study for translation quiz on Present Active and Perfect Passive participles on FRIDAY

  42. 11/20/113 Propositum: DWBAT translate present active and perfect passive participles in context; answer reading comprehension questions based on evidence FaciteNunc: • Take a out your ‘Battle of the Great Plains- Final Draft Translation’ for correction and inspection • With your groups members, share out your reading comprehension responses for questions 1 and 2 PENSUM #42: Complete your Exerceāmus! Participles’ handout in full. Study for translation quiz on Present Active and Perfect Passive participles on FRIDAY

  43. ‘Battle of the Great Plains’ Line 1: Hasdrubal, wanting an alliance with the Africans, had betrothed (his) daughter to Syphax, the king of Numidia. Line 2: By leading (Hasdrubal’s) daughter into marriage, the king was provoking a battle/war. Lines 2-3: His camps were invaded by Publius Cornelius Scipio leading (his) soldiers into Africa. Lines 3-4: The conquering Scipio ordered the conquered Syphax to be sent to Rome, swearing an oath against every enemy of the fatherland. Lines 4-5: All (of) Italy hearing about the victories in Africa immediately abandoned Hannibal. Lines 5-6: Then that (man), who had been in Italy (for) 16 years, was being ordered to return into Africa by the fearing suffets. Lines 6-7: But the Romans waiting for Hannibal were ravaging all (things) near Carthage with fire and iron (war and destruction).

  44. Reading Comprehension FACTUAL • How does Hasdrubal attempt to win an alliance with Syphax? • Who does eius refer to in line 2? Hasdrubal attempts to win an alliance with Syphax by betrothing his daughter to him (line 1) eius in line 2 refers to Syphax, who is the subject of the previous two sentences (lines 1-2) and whose camps were invaded by P. Cornelius Scipio after he ‘provokes a war’

  45. Reading Comprehension INFERENTIAL • Why do the suffets order Hannibal to return into Africa? The suffets order Hannibal to return into Africa because all of Italy abandoned their alliances with him after they receive news of Scipio’s successes in Africa (lines 4-5). Because Hannibal no longer has Italian support, the suffets believe it is best to cut their losses and have him return after a 16-year long and ultimately unsuccessful campaign (line 5-6) The suffets order Hannibal to return into Africa because they were ‘afraid’ (lines 5-6) of Scipio gaining influence in Africa after his successful invasion of the Numidian camps (lines 2-3) and capture of the Numidian king himself (lines 3-4). The suffets believe Hannibal must return to Carthage to stop the Romans from gaining any more ground and save his people and country from conquest.

  46. Reading Comprehension • Why are the Romans “exspectantēsHannibalem” in line 7? • Make an prediction based on evidence

  47. Exerceāmus! Participles • Work on your Exerceāmus! Participles worksheet with your table members

  48. Scavenger hunt from the passage: Hasdrubal volēns (line 1) Scipione ducentī (line 3) Syphacem victum (line 3) iurāns (line 4) Scipio audiēns (line 4) Italia metuentibus (line 6) suffetīs exspectantēs (line 7) Romanī Exerceāmus! Complete pg.2 (participle declension, participle scavenger hunt, and translation) with your group members. You should be finished with the translation before the end of the recitation.