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Male Reproductive System

Male Reproductive System

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Male Reproductive System

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  1. Male Reproductive System • Mostly external • Find the parts we discussed in “who’s who”/”vocab” sheets.

  2. First, sperm are produced in the small seminiferous tubules of the testes. These oval shaped glands are protected by a sac called the scrotum. After the sperm cells are produced, they are stored in a large coiled tube on the outer surface of each testicle called the epididymis. From this tube the sperm go into a larger tube called the vas deferens, which eventually carries them to the external male reproductive organ, the penis. Along the way the sperm are nourished by a sugary fluid from the seminal vesicles, a chemical fluid from the prostate which is a common site for cancer in men, and fluid from the Cowper’s glands which are two small glands near the bladder. These fluids plus sperm combine to form semen, the fluid ejaculated from the penis during orgasm. Before males can ejaculate the spongy tissue surrounding the penis becomes engorged with blood causing the penis to become stiff and hard. This is known as an erection. The tube that carries the semen from the body is the urethra. This tube also carries urine from the bladder. Males can also have uncontrolled ejaculations during sleep which are called nocturnal emissions.

  3. Side view:

  4. Front view (internal):

  5. Spermatogenesis

  6. Side view: Vasectomy - cut and cauterize both vas deferens through small incision about here

  7. Female Reproductive System • Mostly internal • Find the parts we discussed in “who’s who”/”vocab” sheets.

  8. First, Ova (egg cells) are produced in two almond-shaped organs known as the ovaries. During the process of ovulation_, a mature ovum is released and enters one of two oviducts_. For a few days, the egg cell travels towards the pear-shaped uterus. The lining of this organ thickens in preparation for a fertilized egg. If the egg is not fertilized by the male sperm, it will leave the body together with the lining of the uterus and a small amount of blood. This is called menstruation. • The lower portion and opening into the uterus is called the cervix_ and is a common site of cancer in women. The female organ of intercourse is the _vagina _. A circular fold of skin is usually present at the entrance to this organ and is called the hymen _. Outside of this organ are folds of skin covered with pubic hair known as the labia _. Between these skin folds is a small, sensitive area of skin called the clitoris . The development of the reproductive system is triggered by the hormonesestrogen and progesterone, which cause many physical changes in a girl. This period of change is called puberty .

  9. Side view:

  10. Front view:

  11. Oogenesis

  12. Ligation Tubal ligation - cut and cauterize both oviducts.