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Contrasting World Views

Contrasting World Views

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Contrasting World Views

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  1. Contrasting World Views

  2. Questions of the Day: What social crises in England prompted migration to America? In the 17th century, how did English and Indian people understand the social order, property, gender, and race? Outline: England: “Great Chain of Being” Patriarchy Economic Crisis Enclosure Movement 2. Native America: land use matrilineage gender roles 3. Ideas about race

  3. The English Social OrderThe “Great Chain of Being”

  4. Social Implications of the “Great Chain of Being” • Social rigidity • Top-down authority • Interdependence and mutual obligation • Moral Economy • No ideal of individualism and independence

  5. Patriarchal Households • A miniature monarchy • Coverture • Patrilineage • Sexual regulation • Domestic work for women • Transgressions punished

  6. Economic Crises in 17th Century England • Feudalism • Enclosure movement • Harvest failures • Unemployment • Poor Laws criminalized idleness and poaching • Diggers

  7. 2. Native American Customs • Usufruct Rights • No accumulation of personal wealth • Matrilineage • Women’s agricultural work • Decisions about war captives • Individual choice about sex and divorce

  8. “Daughter of Secota” [1580s]

  9. America [1580]

  10. English Trade with Indians [1634]

  11. “savages” [ca 1590s]

  12. Making Canoes [1580s]

  13. English ideas: Skin color as a cultural artifact (e.g. bear’s grease) Skin color as a result of climate Native American ideas: Insider/outsider status matters, not appearance Fictive kin allows for full adoption 16th-17th century ideas about race