An adverb is a word which describes a verb. Adverbs describe how an action takes place. Adverbs add meaning to verbs. • For example: ‘She talked quietly’ gives us more information than ‘she talked.’ • ‘He stopped suddenly’ gives more information than ‘he stopped.’
Rules of Adverbs • Most adverbs end in –ly and are formed by adding –ly to the adjective. For example: • Calm becomes calmly • Bitter becomes bitterly • If the adjective ends in –y, we change the y to an i and add-ly. For example: • Angry becomes angrily • Happy becomes happily
Rules of Adverbs • Some words, particularly those ending in –c, form their adverbs by adding –ally. For example: • Frantic becomes frantically • Dramatic becomes dramatically. • Some adverbs are irregular and do not follow this pattern at all. For example: here, sometimes, soon, here, never, too.
Exercise 1 Copy out and complete these sentences with a suitable adverb. • She held the child ___________ 2. I sat __________ in my favourite chair. 3. I will come and see you shortly. 4. He stopped speaking _____and sat down. 5. The car swerved ________. 6. I carried the tray of drinks ______ so as not to spill anything.
Exercise 2 • Change these words into adverbs by adding –ly, -ily, or –ally. For example: beautiful becomes beautifully. • Angry Pathetic • Modest Depressing • Suspicious Automatic • Plain Loud • Punctual Sudden • Patient Quiet • Weary joyful • Pleasant Broad
Exercise 3 • For each letter of the alphabet give an adverb. • For example: A angrily B bitterly C calmly