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Photo II . Benchmark. 1. Aesthetic Branches. List the 3 main branches of Aesthetics & describe: Realism Imitationalism Heroism Creationalism Emotionalism Expressionism Formalism. 2. Criticism. Please list and describe the 4 steps of criticism: Research Hypothesis Describe Calculate
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Photo II Benchmark
1. Aesthetic Branches • List the 3 main branches of Aesthetics & describe: • Realism • Imitationalism • Heroism • Creationalism • Emotionalism • Expressionism • Formalism
2. Criticism • Please list and describe the 4 steps of criticism: • Research • Hypothesis • Describe • Calculate • Analyze • Opinion • Interpretation • Function • Judgement
3. Elements of Art • List as many elements of art as you can:
4. Line • List the 6 line types and describe how they affect the viewer
5. Shape/form • List the 2 shape/form types and define
6. Space • List the 2 types and define
7. Value • True or False: the 4 techniques used most often to create value are Blended, stippling, hatching and cross hatching
8. Color • List the three primary colors: • List the three secondary colors and the 2 primary colors used to create them • What are intermediate or tertiary colors and where are they located on the color wheel? • True or False: Colors have temperature • True or False: Colors can have symbolic meaning • True or False: Colors can affect your psyche
9. Color schemes: if it is false, tell me why • True or false:Analagous colors are one hue and it’s corresponding tints and shades • True or False: monochromatic colors are one hue and it’s corresponding tints and shades • Complementary colors are opposite on color wheel • Complementary colors are made from a pairing of a secondary color and the only primary color not used to make that secondary color • Split complementary colors are opposite each other on color wheel • Neutral colors are bright and hot in temperature
10. Principles of design • List all the principles of design
11. Rhythm • Rhythm includes what 5 types and describe: • Startled • Regular • Boring • Exciting • Random • Stippled • Alternating • Solid • Flowing • Stymied • Progressive
12. Balance: if false tell me why • True or False: Symmetrical balance is the same subjects on both sides • True or False: Radial balance “radiates out” from a central point • True or False: Asymmetrical balance means it is balanced on top
13. Emphasis • List at least 4 techniques for creating an area of visual dominance:
14. Harmony/Unity • List 4 techniques for unifying an artwork
15. Proportion: if false explain why • True or False: Regular proportion is the normal expected measurement ratios between parts • True or False: Distorted proportion means it is larger than it should be • True or False: Exaggerated proportion is one measurement ratio is either smaller or larger than expected
16. camera obscura • Please describe a camera obscura: • True or False: Camera obscura phenomena observed as early 10th century • Early Renaissance artists used the contraption for what purposes?
17. Evolution of camera obscura • What 3 features were added to camera obscura which led to development of camera?
18. Development of camera • In 1725, Johann Heinrich Schulze made what important discovery that led to 75 years of research into the possibilities of this material being used as a way to “capture” nature
19. Next step in evolution • True or False: Photographers/inventors such as Thomas Wedgewood and Humphrey Davy were soon able to capture imagery using silver salts, but the imagery would not last because there was no way to “fix” image so that it did not continue to darken when exposed to light.
20. • Joseph NicephoreNiepce: View from the Window at Le Gras (1826) is credited as what? • The process called for creating an image on pewter, acid etching the image into the metal and then doing what to obtain a positive image that would last?
21. Quest for permanent image • What inventor is credited with creating one of a kind permanent images right onto the exposed metal plates? • -Joseph NicephoreNiepce • -Louis Jacques Mande Daguerre • -Ansel Adams • -Humphrey Davy
22. Not quite there • William Henry Fox Talbot took us one step closer to creating permanent images by doing away with the metal and publishing his invention, the ……which utilized paper negatives contact printed with paper. • Daguerreotype • Talbotype • Calotype • Foxtrot
23. Success? • True or False: Talbot’s inventive process lacked the detail of daguerreotypes
24. A true Fix! • Which inventor created a true fixer for photographic imagery and actually coined the terms photography, positive, and negative? • Joseph NicephoreNiepce • William Henry Fox Talbot • John Hershel • Louis Jacques Mande Daguerre
25. It’s all in the details • The paper negatives lacked the detail of daguerreotypes, so inventors continued their search and the Collodion Wet Process was born. The process used silver halide spread across glass plates that used what to distribute the silver halide? Hint: natural food • What were the drawbacks of the process?
26. let’s make it easy • Richard Maddox discovered this substance, 1871, • that would revolutionize the industry…it allowed for development at a later time: • Gelatin • Plastic • Neoprene • spandex
28. Who invented modern film? • This inventor created a flexible base that created modern film and a company that exists to this day! Their slogan was “You Push the Button, We do the Rest” because they had the public shoot the imagery and then send the cameras back for development. • Louis Jacques Mande Daguerre • George Eastman • Richard Maddox