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The Inferno Dante Alighieri

The Inferno Dante Alighieri

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The Inferno Dante Alighieri

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  1. The InfernoDante Alighieri

  2. Dante Alighieri (_________) • Born in _____________, Italy • Known as father of the Italian language • Wrote in the ____________instead of Latin • Allowed literature to be experienced by all Italians, not just the learned class • Does he sound like someone else we have met? Who?_______________

  3. Oh, Florence • Florence at this time was a place of political turbulence • Warring groups • __________wanted Holy Roman Emperor in power • __________wanted the Pope to control politics • Guelphs won, then split • Blacks supported the Pope and Church • Whites supported the emperor

  4. Dante’s Unfortunate Luck • Guess which side Dante was on? • When the Pope came to power in 1301, he __________________his opponents • Dante would have been burned at the stake if he ever returned to Florence • Lived in ____for the remainder of his life

  5. Importance of Florence • Dante took his exile to heart • Embittered by his political experiences in Florence, he ______________ • Used his words to ______those individuals who had wronged him and to present a ______ of his life and situation

  6. The Divine Comedy • Epic poem made up of 3 parts • _________(Hell) • _________(Purgatory) • _________(Paradise) • Not exactly hilarious, but fits comedy definition • Mixed narrative • Some epic, some melodrama, some tragedy • Happy ending (Paradiso)

  7. The Power of 3 • The number 3 is central to Dante’s work • Christian concept of the _________ • Divine Comedy is in 3 parts • Each part is made of 33 _________ (divisions) • In each canto, verses are 3 lines (terzarima) • Spiritual quest takes place over 3 days • ______________to ________________

  8. Allegory • An ___________is the discussion of one subject by disguising it as another, which resembles the first in a striking way • e.g., __________ • Allegories teach _________ • Use of the visible, physical reality to explain the ______or _________ • e.g., Greek gods

  9. Story Overview • _________Story: • On Good Friday, Dante finds himself lost and directionless in a dark forest • Abandoned by hope, he undertakes a quest for belonging and salvation (hell  paradise) • _________Story (allegory): • Journey begins in despairing world not yet redeemed by Christ and ends with the poet’s return, having seen the divine grace of God

  10. Important Characters • Dante: both the author and the ____________ • Virgil: Dante’s guide through hell and purgatorio • Real Virgil died in 19 BCE: admired by Dante and held significance as pre-Christian prophet • Represents ____________ • Beatrice: Dante’s star-crossed love and guide through Paradiso • Represents ________

  11. ______________ • Italian form of iambic poetry in sets of 3 lines • Invented by Dante • Follows this rhyme scheme: ___ ___ ___ • Complete rhyme scheme is often lost in translation from Italian to English

  12. Example of TerzaRima“Acquainted With the Night” by Robert Frost I have been one acquainted with the night. (a) I have walked out in rain—and back in rain. (b) I have outwalked the furthest city light. (a) I have looked down the saddest city lane. (b) I have passed by the watchman on his beat (c) And dropped my eyes, unwilling to explain. (b) I have stood still and stopped the sound of feet (c) When far away an interrupted cry (d) Came over houses from another street, (c) But not to call me back or say good-bye; (d) And further still at an unearthly height (a) One luminary clock against the sky (d) Proclaimed the time was neither wrong nor right. (a) I have been one acquainted with the night. (a)

  13. Essential Questions • How can literature be used as a tool for social change? • How does allegory help explain the intangible? • Which traits, or “sins,” are part of our universal human experience?