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OECD Workshop on IUU activities Paris, 19-20 April 2004 PowerPoint Presentation
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OECD Workshop on IUU activities Paris, 19-20 April 2004

OECD Workshop on IUU activities Paris, 19-20 April 2004

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OECD Workshop on IUU activities Paris, 19-20 April 2004

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Presentation Transcript

  1. OECD Workshop on IUU activitiesParis, 19-20 April 2004 • What data do NGOs have? • Dr. Simon Cripps • Director - Global Marine Programme • WWF-International • Switzerland

  2. Approach to Presentation • Role of NGO's • Steps to eliminate IUU • Examples of NGO contributions re. Information to fulfill steps • Recommendations to the Taskforce • The bigger picture • Conclusions

  3. Role of NGOs • Agents provocateurs • Public pressure • Setting a high bar • Brokering solutions behind the scenes • Preparation of advocacy material / briefs • Focussing on solutions and outcomes • Investigation and intelligence • Several points require data / intelligence - but commonly for strategic or communications

  4. Steps to address IUU • Eliminate flags of convenience • Close ports, markets & companies • FOA plan of action to prevent deter & eliminate IUU • National legislation • Ratify UN Fish Stocks & Compliance Agreements • Strengthen RFMOs • Strengthen cooperation e.g. MCS

  5. Eliminate flags of conveniencee.gs of NGO contributions • Revealing tricks of the trade • e.g Patagonian toothfish - COLTO (Pacific Andes) • Identifying major offenders and their locus and modus operandi • e.g transshipment - Greenpeace, WWF • Reviewing available legislation and gaps • IUCN, WWF, Oceana, TRAFFIC • Quantifying extent and impacts - pressure • Greenpeace high seas, WWF / TNC local presences

  6. Close ports, markets & companies • For particular fisheries and situations: • Which ports are primary vectors? • What are the trade flows and the pinch-points (e.g. small number of wholesalers)? • Which companies are involved and who are the investors? • Which consumers commonly purchase IUU products? • Why? • Can they be influenced - how?

  7. National legislation • Advocacy and lobbying material • Evidence for litigation • "Data" & analysis on legal opportunities, existing or new • Messages that increase political will • e.g. effect on jobs and incomes • subsidies • trade disparities • Local / regional examples • socio-economic effects

  8. RFMOs • Varying roles / mandates of RFMOs • Varying methodologies for tackling IUU - if at all • Varying effectiveness • Comparisons / reviews necessary • One of few ways to govern the high seas • WWF producing CCRF Analysis, RFMO Scorecard

  9. IUU loopholes • Patagonian toothfish • Traffic, COLTO, moratorium, consumer pressure, MSC? • Tunas • TRAFFIC, "dolphin friendly" coalition, WWF-MPO • High Seas e.g. Indian Ocean Orange Roughy • WWF, Greenpeace, Industry, TRAFFIC • Fisheries critically impacting habitat or particular species e.g. turtles, cetaceans, sharks and seabirds • various specialist or regional, local NGOs • forthcoming bottom trawl campaigns

  10. Recommendations to the Taskforce • Develop sharp, decisive recommendations to eliminate particular IUU situations. • e.g. WWF Tuna Trans-shipment Case Study • Establish 'up-to-date/real time' information collation mechanism • Describe the baseline situation • Strong focussed leadership by Taskforce • Involve stakeholders appropriately and innovatively • Work with differing roles and strengths of stakeholders

  11. The Bigger Picture • Taskforce - leaders in fisheries management community • problem of IUU in perspective with respect to poorly managed 'managed fisheries' • if IUU were absent, would fisheries be sustainable? • clear opportunity to establish a forum for innovation in fisheries management • piece by piece, steps to elimination • identify application of suite of specific tools for those situations. • WWF facilitate particular stakeholder engagement

  12. Conclusions • Within a framework of a work-plan to tackle IUU there are several steps / approaches • Each have data sets required for: intelligence, strategic planning, communications, evidence, advocacy etc • Different NGOs have both different areas of interest and hence engagement and approach • Many seemingly peripheral data can be of much use - e.g. trade, investment, consumer preference • The OECD taskforce can establish a clearing house mechanism for this data and pull all the threads together within defined, implementable themes