Download
slide1 n.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Introductory Themes American Political Culture PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Introductory Themes American Political Culture

Introductory Themes American Political Culture

122 Vues Download Presentation
Télécharger la présentation

Introductory Themes American Political Culture

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. August 25-August 30 AmericanFederalGovernment • Introductory Themes • American Political Culture

  2. Introductory Themes and American Political Culture • Political Power • Authority • Legitimacy

  3. Conceptions of Democracy • Democratic Centralism • Direct Democracy • Representative Democracy • popular sovereignty • citizen demands and government action • participation • deliberation • majority rule

  4. Majority Rule: Good or Bad? • No guarantee of good decisions • Majority tyranny can threaten minorities • Apathy toward politics

  5. Who Really Governs? • Different approaches • Marxist • Elitist • Bureaucratic • Pluralist

  6. Political Culture • Definition • A basic set of shared values, attitudes and beliefs that differentiate Americans from citizens of other countries

  7. Myths about the Founding of the American Republic • British as tyrranical • All the colonists favored independence • Colonists were militarily superior • American Revolution as a symbol of freedom for the world • Constitution was divinely inspired

  8. Characteristics of American Political Culture • Equality of opportunity, not outcome • Individual responsibility • Mistrust of government & governmental power • Limited government • Religion and faith • Providence, abundance, and Manifest Destiny • Associationalism and civic duty • Greater inclusion of “out-groups”?

  9. American Political Culture Compared • High confidence in political institutions • Lower confidence in people running political institutions • Religiosity • Declining sense of political efficacy

  10. Confidence in Institutions: America and Europe Compared

  11. Confidence in People Running American Institutions

  12. Religiosity: The United States Compared

  13. Population of the US by Race and Ethnicity, 2000(Census Bureau)

  14. Population Change in the US1980-2000

  15. Changes in U.S. Occupational Structure

  16. Race & Ethnicity • Blacks/African-Americans • migration, political protest, civil rights • issue divisions • Latinos/Hispanics • diversity as a group • low political mobilization • exception? South Florida

  17. Race & Ethnicity • Asian Americans • recent immigration • considerably diverse group • issue foci • Native Americans • scattering of distinct cultures • conquered nations, poverty, and protest • new economic devlopment: casino gambling

  18. 1996 Presidential Vote by Ethnicity

  19. 2000 Presidential Vote by Ethnicity

  20. Class in American Politics? • Most Americans believe they are in the middle class • What is the definition? Gingrich vs. Clinton • Tolerance for income inequality

  21. Income Distribution: The U.S. Compared

  22. Gender in American Politics • The Gender Gap • a distinctive pattern of voting behavior reflecting differences in views between men and women • Example: --> Sexual Harrassment in the workplace • 24% of men say it is a serious problem • 38% of women say it is a serious problem (ICPSR /ANES 1992 pre/post election surveys)

  23. Gender Gap in Voting: 1992/96 Vote for Clinton

  24. Gender Gap in Voting: 2000 Election, Gore/Bush

  25. Religion in American Politics • Secularism and protest • Values, culture, and moral issues • abortion • Rise or Demise of the Christian Right? • The GOP connection

  26. Membership in the Christian Coalition, 1989-95

  27. Ideology: Moderates Carry the Day