A War of Attrition Watch this segment of the Ken Burn’s series… Honorable Manhood.
Antietam (USA) • Sharpsburg, MD (objective: Harrisburg, Penn) • Lee v. McClellan again • CSA invasion of the North (raid for supplies, MD) • Idea was to receive international recognition • 3 cigars • The Cornfield, Bloody Lan- highest single casualty count in the history of the US (D-Day x2) • Emancipation Proclamation
Fredericksburg (CSA) • Rappahannock River near Fredericksburg, VA • Ambrose Burnside vs. RE Lee • Horrible union tactics- use of entrenchments • High ground
1863 Chancellorsville (CSA) • Fighting Joe Hooker • Lee divides army again- offensive tactics (small army) • Loss of Stonewall Jackson • No decisive win to end the war
Gettysburg • Attempt at pulling Grant away from Vicksburg • Invasion of the North for supplies- shoes • 3 Day battle: Cemetery Ridge, Big & Little Round Tops • Joshua L. Chamberlain: saving the round tops • Day 3: Pickett’s Charge
Gettysburg-- Aftermath • No Southern recognition- Lee will never invade the North again • Gettysburg Address… Edward Everett
The East 1862-1864 Lincoln’s General: Grant- the devil’s arithmetic • Grant (after victories in the West- Shiloh, Vicksburg) given command over the entire Union Army • Union implements a strategy to wear out Robert E. Lee: destroy supplies, attack cities, engage in total war. Wilderness Campaign 1864 • First major meeting between Lee and Grant (stalemate). Battles characterize future encounters. Afterwards, 60,000 Americans will die in battles such as Spotsylvania, Cold Harbor. • Spotsylvania Court House • Cold Harbor Siege of Petersburg • Grant eventually corners Lee at Petersburg (Lee digs trenches). Ambrose Burnside tries to blow up trenches with a tunnel- forgets ladders.
The Center • Stepping Stones: Ft Henry & Ft Donaldson • Bloody Shiloh April 1862 • Fall of Vicksburg July 1863 • Chickamauga Sept. 1863 • Chattanooga- Lookout Mtn Missionary Ridge • Atlanta Campaign 1864 • Kennesaw Mountain • Siege of Atlanta • Burning of Atlanta W. T. Sherman will engage in total war as he cuts lines of communication and destroys the Georgian country side (new type of warfare).
Final Guns • Election of 1864 • Union Party- Lincoln • Copperheads- McClellan March to the Sea- William T. Sherman • Foraging & Scorched Earth • Shenandoah Valley- Sheridan Battle of Petersburg- April 1865 • Fall of Richmond • Appomattox Courthouse April 9 • Ford’s Theater April 14