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Article 1

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  1. Article 1 Under Article 1 of the Constitution of the United States, the legislative powers of the country are vested in Congress. The primary function of Congress is to enact legislation that is conveyed to the president for approval or veto.

  2. The U.S. Congress is what is known as a bicameral legislature. Bicameral means that the Congress is composed of two legislative bodies: the House of Representatives the Senate Legislation passed by one of the houses must be approved by the other chamber before being sent along to the president.

  3. House of Representatives Structure • 2 yr. term • must be a 7 yr U.S. citizen • must live in district/state representing • must be 25 yrs. Old • contains 435 members; state representation is based on population • led by Speaker of House • elected by the people of the state

  4. Powers of the House Of Representatives • Majority elects Speaker and officers • Has the sole power to impeach (means bring charges against someone). Which two presidents were the only ones ever impeached? • Debate usually limited to one hour • Power to begin tax bill • Breaks tie in Electoral College

  5. US Senate • Structure • 6 yr term • must be a 9 yr U.S. citizen • must live in state representing • must be 30 yrs old • contains 100 members; 2 Senators per state • led by Vice-President (Biden)

  6. Powers of the Senate • Senators have one vote each • Senate chooses officers and a President pro tempore • Has sole power to try impeachments • Approves appointments made by the President • Approves treaties with other countries made by the President

  7. Common powers of both houses of Congress • Must live in state representing • Are the judge of the elections, returns and qualifications • Majority vote constitutes a Quorum to do business • May determine the Rules of its Proceedings, punish its members, and expel a member • Bills must pass through both houses • Power to borrow money on the credit of the United States • Power to regulate commerce with foreign nations, the several states, and Indian Tribes • Today, the members are chosen by the people