Did you know? What is the difference between the Treaty of Lisbonand the Lisbon Strategy?
The Treaty of Lisbon • The Treaty of Lisbon (initially known as the Reform Treaty) is a treaty that was signed by EU leaders on 13 December 2007. It replaces the failed Constitutional Treaty and amends the current EU and EC treaties (without replacing them). • After a long ratification process, the Lisbon Treaty is expected to finally enter into force on 1 December, 2009.
The Treaty of Lisbon – what it does The Treaty’s provisions at a glance: • A more democratic and transparent Europe (strengthened role for the European Parliament; greater involvement of national parliaments; stronger voice for citizens; recognition of the possibility for a Member State to withdraw) • A more efficient Europe (extension of qualified majority voting to new policy areas; creation of the office of President of the European Council; increase in EU’s competency to act in policy areas such as energy policy, public health, civil protection, climate change etc.) • A Europe of rights and values, freedom, solidarity and security (Charter of Fundamental Rights to enter European primary law; greater solidarity if a Member State is the victim of a terrorist attack or a natural or man-made disaster) • Europe as an actor on the global stage (new High Representative for the EU in Foreign Affairs and Security Policy; new European External Action Service; Progress in European Security and Defence Policy)
*Also called Lisbon Agenda or Strategy for Growth & Jobs http://ec.europa.eu/growthandjobs The Lisbon Strategy • The Lisbon Strategy* was adopted by the European Council on 23-24 March 2000 to create a more dynamic and knowledge-based EU economy
The Lisbon Strategy – its aims Three pillar strategy: Economic: create a competitive, dynamic, knowledge-based economy (focus on research and development) Social: modernize the European social model (invest in human resources and combat social exclusion) Environmental: Economic growth to be decoupled from the use of natural resources
The Lisbon Strategy – has it worked? • Initial results disappointing, Lisbon re-launched in 2005 with clearer focus • Structural reforms now contributing to better economic performance in Europe (higher productivity and employment rates), but more reforms needed, e.g. to cope with ageing
The Lisbon Strategy – what comes next? After 2010, an amended Lisbon strategy for growth and jobs will focus on overcoming the recession and transforming the EU into a more sustainable, greener and more innovativeeconomy.
Why is this important for the Euro Challenge? • The Lisbon Treaty relates to the institutional structure of the EU and is important for gaining a thorough background understanding of the workings of the EU • The Lisbon Strategy explicitly refers to the EU’s economic goals and as such may be used as a benchmark when analyzing the actual economic situation within the euro area * Hint: You’ll probably want to focus more on the LISBON STRATEGY!