Pesticide Regulations • 40 Code of Federal Regulations (40 CFR) • Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, Rodenticide Act (FIFRA) • Montana Agricultural Chemical Ground Water Protection Act (MACGWPA) • Montana Pesticide Act (MPA)
Montana Pesticide Act & Administrative Rules of Montana • Give MDA authority to regulate the use and sale of pesticides • Investigation/ Inspection • Enforcement authority • Set restrictions on licensing for applicators and dealers • General-use pesticides (GUP) and Restricted-use pesticides (RUP) • Require pesticide registration for Montana
Pesticide Registration • Pesticides used or sold in MT must be registered with EPA and the MDA • Unregistered products can lead to enforcement action
If YOU find unregistered products • Do not offer the product for sale • Contact MDA • Will the manufacturer register the product? • YES – Wait until product is registered to offer for sale • NO – Must return product to supplier OR dispose of properly
Herbicides Insecticide Fungicide Rodenticide Pesticide
Types of Herbicides • Selective: • Targets specific species with little or no effect on other species • Example: 2,4-D • Non-selective: • Toxic to all or most species • Example: RoundupTM
Classification of Pesticides • General-use Pesticides (GUP) • Less likely to harm the user or the environment • No license required for home, lawn, and garden GUPs.
Classification of Pesticides • Restricted-use Pesticides (RUP) • Generally more toxic to environment or applicator • License required to use or sell • RUP designation on front of label
Health Concerns • Effects depend on type of pesticide • Insecticides affect nervous system • Short-term effects of exposure • Skin, eye, and lung irritation • Headache, nausea • Long-term effects • Most long-term effects are unknown • Some pesticides may be carcinogens or may affect the hormone or endocrine system • Children and pets • Can be more sensitive to pesticides • Have a higher probability for exposure
Environmental Concerns • Persistence in environment • Groundwater contamination • Drift to non-target areas • Wildlife
Tips for safer pesticide use • Before application: • READ the LABEL! • Remove children, pets, and toys from area of application. Do not allow people, pets, or children to return to the treated area as recommended by product label. • Do not apply during windy or rainy days • Be aware of runoff/ drift to other areas • Do not apply on or near food • ie. RaidTM sprayed in the kitchen
Tips for safer pesticide use • During application • Follow label instructions • Do not use more than directed • Keep out of reach of children • Use personal protective equipment (PPE) • Long sleeved shirts, masks, goggles, gloves, long pants, etc.
Tips for safer pesticide use • After application • Wash hands and exposed skin • Properly launder clothing worn during application • See “Tips for Laundering Pesticide Contaminated Clothing” handout
Integrated Pest Management “A pest management strategy that utilizes wide range of pest control methods or tactics. The goal of this strategy is to prevent pests from reaching economically or aesthetically damaging levels with the least risk to the environment [and human health].” (NASDA, “Pest Management”: p10)
When using pesticides… THE LABEL IS THE LAW …always read the label!
Brand name Active ingredients Inert ingredients Signal word Reading pesticide labels
Reading pesticide labels • Active Ingredient • Same name for chemical regardless of manufacturer/ brand • ie. Glyphosate, 2,4-D • Signal word indicates toxicity
Home, lawn, and garden OK Reading pesticide labels Directions for use
Reading pesticide labels Storage/ Disposal
Reading pesticide labels Precautionary Statements First Aid Emergency Info
Reading pesticide labels EPA Registration
Reading pesticide labels Manufacturer information
As an unlicensed pesticide retailer… • Pesticide products must be labeled for home, lawn, and/or garden uses. • Can only sell pesticides classified as general use. • All products must be registered with the State of Montana
Improper display or storage of pesticides can: • Cause harm to humans (especially children), domestic animals, wildlife and the environment (air, soil, water)
Display & store pesticides only in their original containers. Make sure that the label is intact and all information is legible.
Do not store pesticides in a way that could contaminate food, feed, beverages, tobacco products, seed, or fertilizer
Keep out of reach of children • At least 36” inches above floor • Products of most concern: • More toxic items • Look for packages that look like treats or toys, ie. Bar baits, poison ‘peanuts’, d-CON • Packages that are easy to access • Use common sense • Large bags and containers are better stored on lower shelves.
Keep pesticides separate to prevent cross-contamination. Herbicides, insecticides and fungicides should be kept on separate shelves or in separate areas. • Keep large drums or bags on pallets and off the floor.
Keep displays & storage clean and organized Clean up all leaks & spills immediately!
Number 10 More Toxic Products Found on Bottom Shelf.
Number 9 Product Displayed in Wrong Area of Store (Grass Seed or Potting Soil in Pesticides)
Number 8 Dirt Floor in Storage Place.
Number 7 Pet Product (Flea & Tick) Placed Above Unwrapped Pet Toys/treats.
Number 6 Liquid Product Placed Over Top of Dry Product.
Number 5 Ag Use Products for Sale Instead of Home, Lawn, and Garden.
Number 4 Storing Pesticides Next to Feed, Seed or Fertilizer.
Number 3 Pesticides not kept out of reach of children (<36”)
Number 2 Unregistered Products Offered for Sale
Number 1 Broken or Ripped Weed & Feed Bags
DCON needs to be above 36” as it is easy to open and highly toxic to small children. The Raid cans which do not have lids are easily sprayed and here are displayed in a small child’s reach. Also, the Raid which has similar packaging as the Pledge cans, are displayed with the similar cleaning products.
Treats displayed underneath pet products. The rest seems pretty good. Wrapped treats are stored above the pesticides and other products are displayed separately.
Spills and Cleanup • All pesticide spills must be cleaned up immediately (use adsorptive material and dispose of properly). • Required to report spills equal or exceeding 5 gallons liquid or 100 lbs dry pesticide to MDA within 48 hours.